OUSHUJUN

XINSHIJIDIYIGESHINIAN,QIONGBINGDUWU、ZHAITAIGAOZHUDEMEIGUOYUELAIYUEXIANGGULUOMADIGUO,OUZHOUYESHENXIANSHIWUQIANLIDEZHUQUANZHAIWUCAIZHENGWEIJI,ZHONGGUORENKOUDEZAISHENGCHANZESHIXIANLECONG“LIANGGAOYIDI”(GAOCHUSHENG、DISIWANG、GAOZENGZHANG)MOSHIXIANG“SANDI”(DICHUSHENG、DISIWANG、DIZENGZHANG)MOSHIDELISHIXINGZHUANBIAN,SHENCHUSHIJUJUBIANZHIZHONGDEWOMEN,SHISHIHOUGENJUWOMENDERENKOUMOSHIZHUANBIANHEJIANGLAIKENENGCHUXIANDECAIZHENGYALI,CONGZHANGJIYIYIZHONG“JIATINGYOUHAOXING”DESHEHUIZHILILE。

人口再生产的“三低模式”

侠客棋牌ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANG,OUZHOUCAIZHENGWEIJIZHENGSHISHIYUQIRENKOUZAISHENGCHANXIANG“SANDIMOSHI”DELISHIXINGZHUANBIAN。“SANDIMOSHI”DANGRANYIWEIZHESHEHUIANQUANCHENGDUGENGGAO,GONGGONGWEISHENGSHUIPINGGENGHAO,RENMINSHENGHUOGENGYOUZHILIANG;DANTONGSHI,RENJUNSHOUMINGDAFUTIGAO,SHENGYULVCHIXUXIAJIANG,DISIWANGYUDICHUSHENGDIEJIAZAIYIQI,DAOZHIRENKOUDEDIZENGZHANGSHENZHIFUZENGZHANG。

侠客棋牌YIBAIDUONIANQIAN,JIJIANGWANCHENGCHENGSHIHUA、GONGYEHUAJINCHENGDELIEQIANGMENHAIZAICHONGFENXIANGSHOURENKOUHONGLIDEFAZHANYOUSHI,DANGSHILAOLINGRENKOUDEBILIPINGJUNWEI8.7%,MEIGUOZHIYOU6.4%,YINGGUOLVEGAO7.4%,FAGUOZUIGAO12.7%,YIDALI9.6%,BEIOUGUOJIAZHONGRUIDIANYEFEICHANGGAO12%。DANZONGTIERYAN,CISHIDEXIFANGHAISHIYIGENIANQINGDESHIJIE。

1990NIAN,XIFANGSHIJIEYIJINGJIBENJINRULAOLINGSHEHUISHIDAI,LAOLINGRENKOUBILIPINGJUNWEI18.6%,BEIOULAOLINGHUACHENGDUZUIGAO,ZAIJINTIANDEOUZHAIWEIJIZHONGBANYANZHENGJIUZHEJIAOSEDEDEGUO20.3%,FAGUO18.9,BEIZHENGJIUZHEYIDALI20.6%,YINGGUO20.8%,WOMENDEJINLINRIBEN17.3%,MEIGUO16.6%,ZHEIGESHUNXUYEJIBENDUIYINGGEGUODE“FULIGUOJIACHENGDU”。

SHINIANQIAN,FADASHIJIEZAITONGJIYIYISHANGPUBIANJINRULAOLINGSHEHUI,60SUIYISHANGDERENKOUDADAO1/5,YUJI2050NIANDADAO1/3。FAZHANZHONGSHIJIEDELAOLINGRENKOUBILIJUNZHIZHIYOU8%,2050NIANDADAOFADASHIJIE2000NIANDESHUIPING。

侠客棋牌LAOLINGHUABUJINJINSHIFADAGUOJIADEWENTI,FAZHANZHONGGUOJIALAOLINGHUADESUDUHEGUIMODOUJIANGCHAOGUOFADAGUOJIADESHUIPING,1982NIANDIYIJIESHIJIELAOLINGRENKOUDAHUIDEZHEIGEPANDUAN,ZAIFAZHANZHONGRENKOUDAGUOTIXIANGENGMINGXIAN,YOUYINWEIJINGJISHEHUISHUIPINGGENGDIERGENGYANZHONG,HENDUOCAIZHENGNENGLIXURUODEFAZHANZHONGGUOJIA,JIANGMEIYOUTAIDUOSHIJIANJIANGOU1980NIANDAIZAIXIFANGFADASHIJIEKAISHIDEGUOJIAXIEDIAOJIZHI。

侠客棋牌2002NIANDIERJIESHIJIELAOLINGRENKOUDAHUIZAICITUCHULERENLEILISHISHANGSHIWUQIANLIDELAOLINGHUAXIANXIANG:1998NIANFADAGUOJIADELAOLINGRENKOU(60SUIYISHANG)YIJINGLISHIXINGDICHAOGUONIANQINGRENKOU(15SUIYIXIA),SHIJIEFANWEINEIZESHI2050NIANSHIXIANZHEIGECHAOYUE。JIUQIYUANYIN,ZHUYAOSHIYINWEIRENKOUCONGGAOCHUSHENGHEGAOSIWANGZHUANXIANGDICHUSHENGHEDISIWANG。ZAIMEIYOUFASHENGGUOJIAJIETI、ZHILISHILING、SHEHUISHIXUBEIJUDEDIFANG,SHOURUZHONGDENGJIYISHANGSHUIPINGDERENQUNSHENGYUYIYUANXIAJIANG,ERGONGGONGWEISHENGSHUIPINGDETIGAOHEYILIAOSHUIPING、YIBAOTIXIDETISHENGZEJIANGDILESIWANGLV。

LAODONGYUTUIXIURENKOUDEGONGYANGBIYEFANYINGLEZHEIYIQUSHI。1950~2000NIANJIAN,SHIJIEPINGJUNGONGYANGBICONG12:1SHENGDAOLE9:1,2050NIANJIANGSHENGZHI4:1。ERXIFANGFADASHIJIE1980NIANJIDADAO5:1,2000NIANWEI4.5:1,2040NIANWEI3:1。YEJIUSHISHUO,SHANGBANDERENFUDANYUELAIYUEZHONGLE。

YANGLAOKAIZHIYALIYUOUZHOUCAIZHENGWEIJI

侠客棋牌QIANWENTIDAODEGUOJIAXIEDIAOJIZHI,ZHUYAOZHIDEJIUSHI“FULIGUOJIAZHIDU”,JUTIERYANJIUSHIYANGLAOBAOXIAN。YANGLAOJINZAIXIFANGDEYINRUYIYOUBAIYUNIANLISHI,JINGLILEYIGECONGZIYUANDAOQIANGZHIDEGUOCHENG。ANZHAOSHIJIANXIANHOU,FAGUO、YIDALI、BILISHI、YINGGUO、AIERLANXIANGJIYINRUZIYUANYANGLAOBAOXIANZHIDU,ZHEIGESHIQI,ZHONGGUOQINGZHENGFUYIZAILIEQIANGRUQINXIAFENGYUPIAOYAO。QIANGZHIYANGLAOBAOXIANZUIZAOCHUXIANZAI1889NIANDEDEGUO,LINGXIANQITAXIFANGGUOJIA20DUONIAN,TUIXINGZHEIYIZHIDUDETIEXUEZAIXIANGBISIMAIYUCINIANCIZHIXIATAI,DANZHEIYIZHIDUQUEDEDAOYANXU,1910 NIANJIUFUGAILE53%DEJIUYEZHE。YIZHANQIANDEFAGUO、HELAN、RUIDIANSANGUO,ERZHANQIANDEBILISHI、YINGGUO、AODILI、NUOWEI、YIDALIWUGUO,ERZHANHOUDERUISHI、AIERLANLIANGGUO,XIANGJITUIXINGQIANGZHIYANGLAOBAOXIAN。

YANGLAOBAOXIANDEFUGAIFANWEIZHUBUKUODA。1910NIANJUNZHIZHIYOU20%,1935NIANDADAO56%,DEGUOWEIJUNZHICHAOGUO50%ZUOLETUCHUGONGXIAN,DAOLE1975NIAN,YIDADAO93%。BEIOUSIGUOHELAN、NUOWEI、RUIDIAN、RUISHIHEBILISHIZEDADAOLE100%。

YANGLAOJINZHANTUIXIUQIANGONGZIDEBILIFANYINGDESHIYANGLAOBAOZHANGDESHUIPING,ZHEIZAIXIFANGFADASHIJIEYESHIZHUBUTIGAODE。1939NIAN,ZHEIGEBILIPINGJUNZHIYOU15%,YEJIUSHISHUO,RUGUONITUIXIUQIANMEIGEYUEGONGZISHI100YUAN,NIDETUIXIUJINMEIGEYUEJIUSHI15YUAN;1969NIANSHANGZHANGDAOLEPINGJUN51YUAN;1980NIANSHANGZHANGDAOLEPINGJUN62YUAN,YINGGUO、DEGUO、JIANADADIYUZHEIYISHUIPING,FENBIEWEI47YUAN、49YUAN、49YUAN。YIDALI、FAGUOGAOYUZHEIGESHUIPING,FENBIEWEI68YUAN、75YUAN,RUIDIANZUIGAO83YUAN。

ZI1913NIANZHIJIN,ZHENGFUDEYANGLAOJINKAIZHIZHANGUOMINSHENGCHANZONGZHIDEPINGJUNBIZHONGYEZAIZHUJIANPANSHENG。YIZHANHOUDE1920NIANWEI1.2%,DAXIAOTIAOQIJIANDE1937NIANWEI1.9%,ERZHANHOUDE1960NIANWEI4.5%,BAOSHOUZHUYIZHUDAODE1980NIANHAIZAIJIXUSHANGZHANGWEI8.4%,1990NIANWEI8.9%,1993NIANWEI9.6%。1993ZHEIYINIAN,FAGUO、DEGUO、YIDALIDENGGUOJIAGAOYUPINGJUNSHUIPINGFENBIEWEI12.3%、12.4%、14.5%,YINGGUO、MEIGUODENGGUOJIADIYUPINGJUNSHUIPING,FENBIEWEI7.3%、7.5%。ZHEIXIEGUOJIADEYANGLAOKAIZHIYALIYUELAIYUEDA。

ZHANGQILAIKAN,ZAIFADAGONGYEHUAGUOJIA,“FULIGUOJIAZHIDU”JIWANJIULEZIBENZHUYI,YEWANJIULEMINZHU,ZHEIZHONGSHUANGZHONGGONGXIAOFANGUOLAIJIANGZHEIXIANGZHIDUGUHUAWEIYIZHONGGUOJIAZHILIJIEGOU,YOUCIYINFASHEHUIKAIZHIDEZHIDUHUAYALI。YANGLAO、YILIAO、SHENGYU、JIAOYU、GONGSHANG、SHIYE、ZUIDISHENGHUOBAOZHANGZHEIXIEFULIXIANGMUFANGDALERENMENDUIZHENGFUDEYILAI,YEWEIZHENGZHIJIAMENDAILAIBIXUDEZHENGZHIZHICHI,YINCI,ZAIXIFANGLISHISHANG,JISHIZUIBAOSHOUZHUYIDEZHENGFUYEBUGANSUOJIANSHEHUIBAOZHANGDEZHUYAOXIANGMUKAIZHI,GENGBIETI“CHAISANFULIGUOJIA”ZHEIZHONGXIONGXINZHUANGZHILE。

侠客棋牌ZAISUOYOUKAIZHIXIANGMUZHONG,YANGLAOJINDEBILIZUIDA,ZHEIYIKUAIKAIZHIYOUSUIZHERENKOULAOLINGHUAERZENGJIA。JINGUANRUCI,YOUYU“FULIGUOJIAZHIDU”DESHUANGZHONGGONGXIAO,YANGLAOJINHAISHIBEIPUBIANSHIWEIZHENGZHISHANGBUKECHUPENGDEJINQU,MEIYOUSHEIGANDEZUISHOUWODABAXUANPIAODELAORENQUNTI。

2011NIAN,SHIJIEFADAGUOJIADEZUIDAJULEBUOECD(JINGJIHEZUOYUFAZHANZUZHI)DEZUIXINYANJIUBIAOMING,1990~2007ZHEI18NIANDANGZHONG,30GEFADAGUOJIADEYANGLAOJINKAIZHIZONGLIANGZENGJIALE15%,DANSHI,ZHEIXIEGUOJIADEGDPQUEZHIZENGJIALE6.1%~7%。YANGLAOJINKAIZHICHENGWEIZHENGFUKAIZHIZHONGZUIDADEYIBI,ZAIZHENGFUZONGKAIZHIZHONGDEBIZHONGPINGJUNZHIWEI17%。YIDALIBAGDPDE1/7HUAZAIZHEIXIANGKAIZHISHANG,AODILI、FAGUOHEXILAYUEWEI12%,DEGUO、BOLAN、PUTAOYAYUEWEI11%,SHANGSHUGUOJIADEZHENGFUKAIZHIZHONGYUEYOU25%~30%HUAZAIYANGLAOJINSHANG。ZHEIQIGEGUOJIAYESHIOECDZHONGZUILAODEGUOJIA,JIRENKOULAOLINGHUAZUIYANZHONGDEGUOJIA。

侠客棋牌ER2011NIANDEZUIXINCAIZHENGFENGXIANZHISHU,ZEJIANGOUZHOUDAGUOJIJIGEXIAOGUOJINSHULIERUCAIZHENGFENGXIANGAOWEIGUOJIA,ANZHAOWEIXIANCHENGDUCONGGAODAODIPAIXU,BAOKUOYIDALI、BILISHI、FAGUO、RUIDIAN、DEGUO、XIONGYALI、DANMAI、AODALIYA、YINGGUO、FENLAN、XILA,YIJIFEIOUFEIYADERIBEN。YEJIUSHISHUO,“BENZHUSIGUO”DEGUIMOHAIHUIJIXUKUODA,BUZHIAIERLANJIARU,YINGGUOJIARU,HAIYOUGENGDUODEOUZHOUGUOJIAYEZHENGZAIZHUQUANZHAIWUSHIKONGDEDAMENWAIPAIDUIDENGHOU。

“三高一低”的社会治理模式不可持续

SUOWEI“SANGAOYIDI”MOSHI,JUTISHIZHI“GAOFULI、GAOKAIZHI、GAOSHUISHOU、DIZENGZHANG”,“SANGAO”BUJINJINSHICAIZHENGZHENGCE,YESHI,GENGZHUYAOSHISHEHUIZHILIYUANZE,“YIDI”ZESHIJINGJIDIZENGZHANG,ZHEIDANGRANBUSHIYIGEZHUDONGXUANZE,ERSHIYIGEKEGUANYINSU,MEIYOUNAGEZHENGFUBUXIWANGGUOJIAJINGJICHIXUFAZHAN,DANTONGYANGYEMEIYONGNAGEZHENGFUNENGDUICIDABAOPIAO。

OUZHOUMUQIANDEZHUQUANZHAIWUCAIZHENGWEIJIYEZHENGSHIQI“SANGAOYIDI”DESHEHUIZHILIMOSHIBIDUANDEZHANGQIJIEGUO。YANGLAO、YILIAO、(GULIFUMUMENDUOSHENGHAIZI)ZHENGXIANGSHENGYUBUTIEHEJIAOYUBUTIE、SHIYEJIUJI、ZUIDISHENGHUOBAOZHANGDENGSHEHUIKAIZHIKUOZHANG,YEJIUSHISHUO,“GAOFULI、GAOKAIZHI”ZHENGSHIRENKOUZAISHENGCHANSHIXIAN“SANDIMOSHI”DEYIGECAIZHENGHOUGUO。LINGYIGECAIZHENGHOUGUOSHI“GAOSHUISHOU”,GERENSUODESHUI、QIYESUODESHUIHESHEHUIBAOZHANGSHUICHENGWEIOECDGUOJIADEZHUTISHUIZHONG,SANXIANGJIAZONGBUDUANSHANGSHENG,CONG1965NIANDEJUNZHI43%SHANGSHENGDAO2006NIANDE61%;LINGYIXIANGZHUYAOSHUIYUANSHIXIAOFEISHUI,FENWEIYIBANXIAOFEISHUIHETESHUXIAOFEISHUILIANGLEI,LIANGLEIJIAZONGLVEYOUXIAJIANG,CONG1965NIANDEJUNZHI38%XIAJIANGDAO2006NIANDE30%。

DANGRAN,YOUYUJIAONANTIGAOSHUILV,FULIKAIZHIYOUYINWEIDUIXUANPIAODEZHENGZHIXUQIUERBUDUANSHANGSHENG,ZUIZHONGJIUSHIFULI、KAIZHIDEZENGZHANGCHAOGUOLESHUISHOUDEZENGZHANG,RENMENCONGZHENGFUFULIDELAIKAISHIDUOYUXIANGZHENGFUJIAONADE。KANSHANGQU,ZHEISIHUYOUZHEWUKEHOUFEIDEZHENGZHIZHENGDANGXING,DANJINGJIHUANMANZENGZHANGHUOZHEBUZENGZHANGSHENZHIDAOTUI,JIAJULEZHEIZHONGSHEHUIZHILIMOSHIDEBUKECHIXUXING。ERWEILEBIMIANSUNSHIXUANPIAO,JISHIZAIJINGJIFANRONGSHIQI,XIOU、ZHONGNANOUHEMEIGUO、JIANADA、AODALIYADEZHENGZHIJIAMENYEBUHUICHUDONG“GAOFULI、GAOKAIZHI、GAOSHUISHOU、DIZENGZHANG”DESHEHUIZHILIMOSHI,GUOJIACAIZHENGTIXIDECHIZIYUNXINGHUODELECHIXUDEDONGLI,GONGZHAIBIZHONGSUIZHELAOLINGHUACHENGDUTIGAOERJIAZHONG。

1980NIAN,XIFANGFADASHIJIEDERENKOUZAISHENGCHANMOSHISHIXIANLEXIANG“SANDIMOSHI”DELISHIXINGZHUANBIAN,“SANGAOYIDI”DESHEHUIZHILIMOSHIKAISHIGUAIRUKUAICHEDAO。ZAIXIFANGBURULAOLINGSHEHUIDEDIYIGESHINIAN,1980~1990NIANSHINIANJIAN,OECD(JINGJIHEZUOYUFAZHANZUZHI)GUOJIAGONGZHAIJUNZHIZENGZHANGLE14%,DADAO60.4%。DIERGESHINIAN,DAO1997NIAN,OECDGUOJIAGONGZHAIJUNZHISHENGZHI71%。CIHOUSHINIAN,DAO2007NIAN,OECDGUOJIAGONGZHAIJUNZHISHENGZHI75%,QIZHONGRIBEN、NUOWEI、YIDALI、XILA、BILISHIJUNCHAOGUO75%,ZHENGGEOUYUANQUJUNZHIWEI74%,MEIGUO73%。SUIHOUFASHENGDESHIQING,DAJIADOUBIJIAOQINGCHULE。

侠客棋牌CONGZHANGSHIDUANDELISHIFAZHANLAIKAN,2007NIANDEMEIGUOCIDAIWEIJICHENGWEIYAKUAMEIGUOHEOUZHOUCHIZICAIZHENGTIXIDEZHIJIEYUANYIN。MEIGUOYIZHIMEIYOUCONGJINGJISHUAITUIZHONGFUSU,EROUZHOUZHISUOYICHENGWEICICIWEIJIDAIJIAZUIWEICHENZHONGDEXISHENGPIN,YESHIYINWEIQINEISHANGSHIZAIBUQING。ERRIBENGONGZHAIDUOWEINEIZHAIERFEIWAIZHAI,BEIOUGUOJIAZEFENGXINGGAOFULI、GAOSHUISHOUZHENGCE,DEGUOSHIWEIDANGJINOUZHOUJINGJIDEDONGLIYINQING,JINGUANTAMENDEGONGZHAIBIZHONGYEBUDI,DANJUNMEIYOUCHUXIANMEIOURUCIYANZHONGDECAIZHENGZHAIWUWEIJIHESHEHUISAOLUAN。

GENJU OECD 2011NIAN9YUEFABUDEZUIXINBAOGAO,WOMENKEYIJIANGRENKOULAOLINGHUAYUOUZHOUCAIZHENGWEIJIGUANLIANZAIYIQI。JINGJIFANGHUANSHENZHITINGZHI、SHIYELVGAOQIYU“SANDIMOSHI”XIANGJIEHE,CHIXULAGAOGONGZHAIBIZHONG。GENJUZHEIFENBAOGAO,34GEJINGJIFADAGUOJIADELAOLINGHUAYOULIANGGEYUANYIN,YISHIDISHENGYULV,YISHIRENJUNYUQISHOUMINGDETIGAO。2005~2010NIANJIAN,34GEGUOJIAZHONGYIJINGYOU29GESHUYU“SANDIMOSHI”,PINGJUNSHENGYULVZHIYOU1.69,JIMEIGENVXINGPINGJUNZHISHENGYU1.69GEHAIZI。ZHIYOUYISELIE、MOXIGE、AIERLAN、TUERQIHEMEIGUODENVXINGSHENGYULVCHUZAILINJIEDIAN2.1HUOZHISHANG。SUOWEILINJIEDIAN,SHIZHIMEIGENVXINGZHISHAOYAOSHENGYU2.1GEHAIZI,CAINENGZHUBUNIUZHUAN“SANDIMOSHI”,JIANJIANZOUCHULAOLINGSHEHUI。

LIANGCISHIJIEDAZHANJIESHUZHIHOUDOUSHIXIFANGGUOJIADEXIUYANGSHENGXIQI:1920NIAN~1929NIANSHIHUANGJINSHINIAN;1945NIAN~1973NIANDIYICISHIYOUWEIJIQIJIAN,ZEKANCHENGHUANGJINSANSHINIAN。ZHEILIANGGESHIQIDERENKOUPINGJUNZENGZHANGLVWEI3.9%。LIANGGEHUANGJINNIANDAIJINGJIFANRONG,ZUOWEIZHENGZHIBUCHANG,MINZHUTIZHIXIANGNONGMIN、GONGREN、QIONGREN、NVXING、HEIRENDENGCHIXUTIGONGGEZHONGJINGJIBUTIE,QIJIEGUOSHISHEHUIKAIZHIZHUNIANDIZENG,CAIZHENGTIXIZHANGQICHIZIYUNXING。

SHIJISHANG,ZAOYOUXUEZHEZHICHU,GONGZHAIYUMINZHUZAIXIFANGSHIJIESHIZHONGXIANGBANERSHENG。1870NIAN,JIGEZHUYAOXIFANGGUOJIACHUYUCONGNONGYEGUOJIAXIANGGONGYEHUAGUOJIAZHUANBIANDEGUANJIANSHIQI,DANGSHIZHEIXIEGUOJIAGONGZHAIZHANGDPDEBIZHONGJIUYIDADAO47.9%,QIZHONGCAIZHENGGAOWEIGUOYOULIANGGE:YINGSHUAODALIYAZUIYANZHONGWEI100.1%,YIDALI92%。CIWAI,MEIGUOWEI43.9%,YINGGUOWEI40.2%。CISHIRIBENZUIJIANKANG,JINYOU0.6%。

侠客棋牌1913NIAN,XIFANGSHIJIEGONGZHAIBIZHONGYIJIEJIN60%DEWEIXIANZHI,DA59.2%。XIBANYA、AODALIYA、FAGUODOUCHAOGUOLE66%,YINGGUOJIAOHAO30.4%,MEIGUOZUIJIANKANG2.5%。1920NIAN,GEGUOGONGZHAIBIZHONGJUNZHISHANGSHENGZHI66.3%,DAGUOZHONGAODALIYA、YINGGUO、FAGUOJUNCHAOGUO100%,FENBIEWEI122.4%、132%、136.8%。1937NIANGEGUOGONGZHAIBIZHONGJUNZHIYOUBIAOZHI78.1%,YINGGUOWEI188.1%,AODALIYA153%,FAGUO137.2%。HEPINGZHONGYUMEIYOUWEICHIDUOJIU,RENLEILISHISHANGGUIMOZUIDA、ZUIWEICANBAODEZIXIANGCANSHAZAIXIFANGSHIJIELAKAIXUMU。

CONG1870ZHI1996NIANZHIJIAN,MEIGUOZAIXIFANGSHIJIEDOUSHIGETESHUDELIWAI,QICAIZHENGZHUANGKUANGXIANGDUIERYANZUIWEIJIANKANG。ZHIDAO1997NIANYINGERCHAOYIDAIKAISHIDAGUIMOJINRUTUIXIUNIANLING,MEIGUOCAIBURUGONGZHAIWEIXIANDIDAI,WEI61.5%。

SUIRANXIFANGGUOJIAYIJINGYISHIDAORENKOUZAISHENGCHANDE“SANDIMOSHI”HESHEHUIZHILIDE“SANGAOYIDI”MOSHIDAILAIDEYANZHONGWENTI,DANBEIJUDESHI,34GEJINGJIFADAGUOJIADEPINGJUNSHENGYULVYIZHIZAIZHUCIXIAJIANG。CONG1975NIANSUANQI,YIMEIWUNIANWEIYIGEJIEDUAN,CONG1975~1980NIANDE2.26ZHEIGEQIADANGSHUIPING,XIAJIANGDAO1985~1990NIANDE1.91、1995-2000NIANDE1.68。JINGGUO20NIANDELAOLINGHUAZHEMO,ZHEIXIEGUOJIAYEZAIXIANGJINBANFACIJISHENGYU,BAOKUOWEICHISHIBIHUIDAILAIZHUDUOSHEHUIWENTI、POSHOUBAOSHOUZHUYIZHEPIPINGDEDANSHENMUQINZHENGCE。

侠客棋牌RANER,HUITOUZHILUXIANGDANGMANZHANG,ZHEI34GEGUOJIADEPINGJUNSHENGYULVZAI2005~2010NIANJIANCAIZHIZENGJIADAO1.69,40NIANHOU,YUJIZHINENGZENGJIADAO1.8,JULIRENKOUSHENGYUDEZUIJIATIDAISHUIPING(2.1)HAISHIHENYUAN。YUZHIXIANGBI,ZHONGGUOSHIZAI1995~2000NIANZHIJIANDIEPOZUIJIATIDAISHUIPING,WEI1.8。2005~2010NIANJIANJIXUXIAJIANGZHI1.77。WEILAISHINIANNEIHUILVEYOUSHANGSHENG,2015~2020NIANJIANYUJIJIANGSHENGZHI1.84。CIHOUWUNIANZHISHANGSHENG0.01,DADAO1.85;ZAIWANGHOUDE30NIAN,SHENGYULVJIANGTINGZHIZENGZHANG。

XIFANGGUOJIASHANGSHULISHISHUJUHEWEILAIQUSHIFENXI,DUIWOMENSIKAOJINTIANZHONGGUODEWENTIPOYOUQIFA。WOMENKEYIFAXIAN,CHAOXIANG“SANDIMOSHI”DELISHIXINGZHUANBIAN,DEQUEYIWEIZHEWOGUOGAISHANMINSHENG、GAILIANGSHEHUIDECHENGJIUHESUDUJUEBUXUNYUXIFANGFADAGUOJIA。DANTONGSHI,CONG“LIANGGAOYIDI”MOSHIXIANG“SANDIMOSHI”DEZHUANBIAN,YIWEIZHERENKOUHONGLIQIJIYOUKENENGTIQIANJIESHU。LIUJIWOMENZUOCHUSHIDANGDIAOZHENGDESHIJIANYIJINGBUDUO。

YINCI,BUYANQIFANDIHUIGUXIFANGSHIJIEZAICHULILAOLINGHUAWENTISHANGZOUGUODEDAOLU,ZHENGSHIWEILEGENGHAODIZHAODAOXIASHUWENTIDEDAAN:OUZHOUDEJINTIAN,SHIFOUJIUSHIZHONGGUODEMINGTIAN?WOMENHAIYAOJIXUZOUOUZHOU“SANGAOYIDI”DESHEHUIZHILILAOLUMA?WOMENYOUMEIYOUKENENGBIMIANZOUXIANGZHEICHONGMANWEIZHIKONGJUDESHIKONGSHIJIE?WOMENYOUMEIYOUKENENGZAISHEHUIJIEGOUWENDINGGUHUAZHIQIAN,JISHIDIAOZHENGWOMENDEZHENGCEZHONGXINHEFANGXIANG,JIANGOUYIZHANGKECHIXUDELAONIAN“ANQUANZHIWANG”?XIANRAN,ZHEIXIEWENTIDEDAANBUZAIDANGXIA,ERZAIWEILAI,ZAIYUWOMENNENGFOUZOUYITIAO“JIATINGYOUHAOXING”DESHEHUIZHILIDAOLU。

走向家庭友好型社会治理

侠客棋牌SUOWEIJIATINGYOUHAOXINGSHEHUIZHILI,SHISHUOJIANGSHEHUIZHILIDEZHONGXINFANGZAIHUIFUJIATINGDECHUANTONGGONGNENGSHANG,GENGDUODIFAHUIJIATINGDESHENGYU、HUNYIN、YANGLAODENGSHEHUIGONGNENG,YIJISUIZHIERLAIDEZUOWEISHENGCHANDANWEIDEJINGJIGONGNENG,ERBUJINJINSHIZUOWEISHUISHOUDANWEIDEZHENGZHIGONGNENG。ZHICHIHEGULIZHUGANJIATINGERFEIHEXINJIATING,ZHICHIHEGULIJUJIAYANGLAOERFEIKAOBUZHUDESHEHUIHUAYANGLAOHUOZHEYIFANGYANGLAO,GENGYOUKENENGJIEXUZHONGGUOJIATINGZIGUYILAIZHANGQICUNZAIDEYANGYU—FANBUJIATINGMOSHIHECIAI—JINGXIAODELUNLIZHIXU,GENGYOUKENENGFAHUILAONIANRENDEWENDINGYUZHIXUGONGNENG,YIGENGSHAODEXINGZHENGCHENGBENSHIXIANSHEHUIDEZIRANHEXIE。

侠客棋牌ZAIJINTIANDEZHONGGUO,CONGBENYUAN、HEXINDAOWAIWEI、BIANYUAN,CONGTUDI、ZHUFANG、CAIZHENG、SHUISHOU、HUJI、JIUYEDAOHUNYIN、SHENGYU、YANGLAO,JIATINGSUOLIANJIEZHEDEZHEIYIXILIEWENTI,CHONGFENBIAOMINGLEJIATINGZAISHEHUIZHILIZHONGDEHEXINDIWEI。YINCI,YAOXIANGZOUXIANGJIATINGYOUHAOXINGSHEHUIZHILI,XUYAOZUOCHUYILIANCHUANZHENGCEDIAOZHENG。

1.TUDICAIZHENGZHENGCE。TUDIYUZHUFANGSHIJIATINGDEGENJI,YEJIUSHISHEHUIZHILIDEBENYUAN,JINER,WEILEWEIHUJIATINGDEJIBENGONGNENG,JIUXUYAODIAOZHENGTUDIZHENGCE、ZHUFANGZHENGCE,GAIBIANMUQIANDIFANGZHENGFUDUITUDICAIZHENGDEGUODUYILAI,YIJISUIZHIERLAIDEZHENGDIBUCHANG、QIANGZHICHAIQIANHEFANGJIAGUOGAOWENTI。

侠客棋牌BIAOMIANSHANG,TUDICAIZHENGSHIFENSHUIZHIZHIHOU,DIFANGZHENGFUXIANSHIBUDEYI、HOUSHIPOBUJIDAIDEZHENGCEXUANZE。SHIZHISHANG,TUDICAIZHENGYOULIANGGEZHENGJIE。YISHITUDISHOUYIMEIYOUNARUYUSUANNEIJIANGUAN,SHUYUDIFANGZHENGFUDEXIAOJINKUSHOURU。ZHEIGEWENTIYOUYUFENSHUIZHIXIANGGUAN。17NIANQIAN,1994NIANKAISHITUIXINGDEYIZENGZHISHUIWEIZHUTISHUIZHONGDEFENSHUIZHI,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGXIAOCHULEYUANLAICUNZAIDEDIFANGYUSUANWAISHOURUPENGZHANGYIJIGENGWEICUIRUODECAIZHENGBAOGANTIZHI,XIAOCHULEYUANLAIPANGENCUOJIE、WENTICONGSHENGDEZHONGJIANHUANJIE,JIANLILEQUANGUOXINGZHENGFUDUIGERENHEQIYEDEZHIJIESHUISHOU,GAIBIANLECAIZHENGSHANGDE“RUOZHONGYANG、QIANGDIFANG”JUMIAN。ZONGTIERYAN,FENSHUIZHISHIYIXIANGGUOJIAJIBENZHIDU,XIWANGTONGGUOQUXIAOFENSHUIZHILAIJIEJUEYOUKENENGGUIYINYUFENSHUIZHIDEWENTI,ZHIHUIDAILAIGENGDAWENTI,WENTIDEYANZHONGXINGSHENZHIHUICHAOGUOFENSHUIZHIGAIGESUOYAOJIEJUEDEWENTI。DUITUDICAIZHENGWENTIDETAOLUN,ZHONGXINBUZAIYUHAIYAOBUYAOFENSHUIZHI,ERZAIYURUHEWANSHANFENSHUIZHI。

ANZHAOZHEIYISILU,JIUYOUBIYAOTAOLUNYUSUANNEIJIANGUANDUIYUTUDICAIZHENGDEZUOYONG。ZAIXIANYUJINGJICHONGFENJINGZHENGTUIDONGGUOJIAJINGJIZENGZHANGDETONGSHI,“MAIDISHOURU”DEJIEJIEPANSHENG、DIFANGZHENGFUDEYINCHIMAOLIANGXINGWEI,SHIJISHANGSHIYUSUANNEIJIANGUANZHEIYIJIBENZHIDUANPAIQUEXIDEHOUGUO。RUGUOBUNENGDUZHUTUDISHOUYIZHEIGECAIZHENGTONGYILIANTIAOSHANGDEXINSHENGQUEKOU,RENHEJIANJIQISHANGDEZHENGCEJUCUODOUKENENGLUOKONG,ZHONGYANGDIFANGGUANXIJIUYOUKENENGYINWEIZHEIGEQUEKOUERCHANSHENGXINDEBIANHUA,HUIGULISHI,BIANHUADEHOUGUOCHANGCHANGSHIDIFANGZHENGFUXINGWEIDESHIKONG,ZHENGDIBUCHANGJIUFENHEQIANGZHICHAIQIANXIANXIANGJIUSHITUDICAIZHENGZHENGCEDEYANZHONGFUCHANPIN。TUDICAIZHENGSHOUZHIYOUCHURULIANGDUAN,RUKOUYUCHUKOUZHISHAOYAOGUANZHUYIGE,RUGUOZANSHIBUNENGFENGZHURUKOUHUOZHEBUNENGFENGDETAISI,JIUBIXUGUANZHUCHUKOU。

ERSHIYINWEISHENGNEICAIZHENGTIZHIANPAIDEBUHELI,JI“SHIGUANXIAN”SUOXINGCHENGDESHIYUXIANZHIJIANDECAIZHENGJINGZHENG,XINGCHENGLECAIQUANCENGCENGSHANGSHOU、SHIQUANCENGCENGXIAFANGDEJUMIAN,ZHEIGEWENTIDEJIEJUEQUJUEYUHUIFU1983NIANQIAN“SHENGGUANXIAN”CAIZHENGTIZHIDEJINDU。

侠客棋牌2.ZHUFANGZHENGCE。ZHUFANGSHILINGYIGEBENYUANWENTI。ZHUFANGSHICHANGHUABILIYUGONGGONGZHUFANGBILISHIDIAOSHIHEXINBINGZHENG,JIANYANZHI,JIUSHISHICHANGHUABIZHONGGUODA,GONGGONGZHUFANGBIZHONGTAIXIAO。DIFANGZHENGFUDUITUDICAIZHENGDEGUODUYILAI,FANGDICHANSHANGDUIZIBENLIRUNDEWUXIANYUWANG,CUISHENGLEZHUFANGDEGUODUSHICHANGHUA,SHANGYELUOJIXIADEZHUFANGSHEJIHEDINGJIAJIZHIGULIDESHIYIJIASANKOULIANGDAIGONGJUDEHEXINJIATINGJIEGOU,YUNENGGOUGENGHAODIFAHUIJIATINGCHUANTONGGONGNENGDESANDAIGONGJUDEZHUGANJIATINGJIEGOUXIANGQUSHENYUAN。

侠客棋牌LIANGGEBIZHONGDESHIHENGZHUANGTAI,HENDACHENGDUSHANGSHICHUYUDUIZHUFANGLINGYU“SHICHANGWANNENG”DEGUODUMIXINHEDUI“ZHENGFUSHILING”DEGUODUKONGJU。GUODUMIXINDEBUDANGZHICHUHENJIANDAN,RUGUOFANGDICHANSHANGGAIFANGZINENGGOULADONGJINGJI,WEISHENMEGONGGONGBUMENGAIFANGZIJIUBUNENG?GUODUKONGJUDEBUDANGZHICHUYEHENQINGCHU,ZHIYAOYOULEFULISHENFENDEQUANGUOTONGYI, ZHIYAOYOULEQUANMIANZHUNQUEDEGERENZHUFANGXINXIQUANGUOLIANWANGXITONG,LIANZUFANG、JINGJISHIYONGFANGSHANGSUOCHUXIANDEZHONGZHONGQIZHAXIANXIANGJUEFEIWUFABIMIAN。ZHENSHIZHUNQUEDEZHUFANGXINXIBINGBUSHIMEIYOU,JIUZAIGEDIFANGGUANBUMENDESHUJUKULI,SHIXIANQUANGUOLIANWANGYEBINGBUXUYAOTAIZHANGSHIJIAN。

3.SHUISHOUZHENGCE。FANGCHANSHUICHANGBEISHIWEIJIEJUETUDICAIZHENGDELIQI,YINWEIDIFANGZHENGFUSHOULIYOUZHUNQUEKEKAODEGERENZHUFANGXINXI,FANGCHANSHUIYESHUYUDIFANGSHUIZHONG,SHUISHOUSUODESHUYUDIFANGZHENGFU。NANDIANZAIYUZHENGSHOUCUNLIANGSHUIHAISHIZENGLIANGSHUI,ERRUGUOMIXINDIFANGJINGJIZHINENGKAOHUOZHEZHUYAOYIKAOFANGDICHANLADONG,DANGRANWUFAQIDAIDANXINKAIZHENGGAISHUIHUITUOLEIJINGJIDEDIFANGZHENGFUHUICAIQUZHUDONG,QUANGUOPUKAIDENANDUYEJIUBIJIAODA。ZAIZHENGCEDAOXIANGSHANG,WOMENYAOBUYAONEIMECHEDIDIXUEXIYINGMEI,BADIFANGZHENGFUDESHOURUDATOUJITUOZAIFANGDICHANSHUISHANG,JIANYANZHI,YAOBUYAOZHENGSHOUCUNLIANGSHUI,YAOBUYAOJIRENMENSHIJIAZHEIYANGYIZHONGSHUISHOUFUDANJIQIKENENGDAILAIDEFUWAIBUXING,DANGRANSHIZHIDETAOLUNDE。

侠客棋牌YUWEIHUJIATINGWANZHENGGONGNENGGENGZHIJIEXIANGGUANDE,SHISUODESHUIZHENGCE。MUQIANYIGERENWEIDANWEIDESHUISHOU,MEIYOUJIANGGERENZAIJIATINGCAIZHENGZHONGDEDIWEIYIJIZHENGGEJIATINGDESHOURUYUXIAOFEIJINXINGZONGHEKAOLV,YEJIUWUFAZHUNQUEZHANGWOJIATINGDEJUTIFUDAN,JINERWUFAYOUZHENDUIXINGDIZHIDINGTUISHUIHUOZENGSHUIZHENGCE。YOUXIAODEJIATINGSHUISHOUZHENGCE,XUYAODUIJIATINGSHOURU(HEXIAOFEI)JINXINGJUTIXIZHIDEFENLEI。ZHUNQUEKEKAOJINGXIFENLEIDECAICHANRENZHENG,ZAIFADAGONGYEHUAGUOJIA,SHIZAOJIUSHIXIANLEDE。WOMENZAIZHEIGEFANGMIAN,XUYAOJIAKUAIBUFA,ERBUSHICHOUCHUBUQIAN。

4.HUJIZHENGCE。WEILAISHINIANNEIJIANGYOU1YIRENLUOHUCHENGSHI,ZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIJIANGZHUBUFANGKAILAONIANRENSUIZINVQIANYIHUKOU,ZHEISHIGEZHIDEGULIDEZHENGCEJINBU,YOUZHUYUWOMENWEIXIHEKUODASANDAIGONGJUDEJIATINGJIEGOU,WEIQUANMIANHUIFUJIATINGDESHEHUIGONGNENGDIANDINGYIGEHAODEZHIDUJICHU。HUJIZAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHILIZHONGZHANGQIZHANJUZHONGYAOWEIZHI,SHIBIANHUQIMINTIXIDEHEXIN,ZHENGCEDIAOZHENGDEFANGXIANGDANGRANBUSHICHEDIQUXIAOHUJIZHIDU,SHIJISHANG,ZAIFULIBAOZHANGSHUIPINGDECHENGXIANGCHAYIDAFUSUOXIAOYIQIAN,ZAIRENMENDEJINGJISHEHUIQUANLIZHUANGKUANGDEDAOSHIZHITIGAOYIQIAN,ZAIXINDESHENFENRENZHENGXINGSHIZHENZHENGWANSHANYIQIAN,HUJIZHENGCEYIJIFUSUIQISHANGDECHENGXIANGQUFENBUHUIQINGYIXIAOSHI。

CONGBENYUAN、ZHONGXIN、WAIWEIDAOBIANYUAN,JIATINGSUOLIANJIEDEQITAWENTIYEZHIDESHENRUTAOLUN,BAOKUOHUNYINSIFAZHENGCEGUANCHEGERENCAICHANZHIHAISHIJIATINGCAICHANZHI,SHENGYUZHENGCERUHESHIDUFANGSONG,RUHEYINDAOGUONEIYOUZIHUIGUISHITIJINGJIDENGDENG。BUGUO,SHANGSHUCHUBUTAOLUNJIBENZHANSHILEJIATINGZAISHEHUIZHILIZHONGDEHEXINDIWEI,GEXIANGZHENGCEDIAOZHENGDEFANGXIANG、MUBIAO,SHIWEILEZOUYITIAOJIATINGYOUHAOXINGDESHEHUIZHILIDAOLU。

侠客棋牌KUOZHANZHONGGUOJIATINGCHUANTONGDESHENGCHAN、SHENGYUHEYANGLAOGONGNENG,ZOUJIATINGYOUHAOXINGDESHEHUIZHILIDAOLU,FUHEWOGUOZUOWEIYIGEQINGKUANGFUZA、ZIYUANJINZHANGDERENKOUDAGUODEJINGJISHEHUITIAOJIAN,KEYIGENGSHAODECHENGBEN、GENGDIDEDAIJIAWEIGUOMINTIGONGGENGGONGPING、GENGKECHIXUDEFUWU,WEIWOMENZHEIGERENLEILISHISHANGWUYULUNBIDERENKOUDAGUOHEWENMINGGUGUOSHEJIKECHIXUDEFULIHEGONGGONGFUWUTIXI,CAIYOUKENENGRANGWOMENDELAOYIBEI、WOMENZHEIDAIREN、WOMENDEXIAYIDAIDOUNENGGOUYONGYOUBUDUANTIGAODESHENGHUOZHILIANG、XIANGDUISHUSHIDETUIXIUSHENGHUO、WENDINGLEGUANDEXINLIYUQIHEDAGUANCONGRONGDESHENGCUNTAIDU。

侠客棋牌(ZUOZHEDANWEI:ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUEZHENGZHIXUEXI)