WANGYUJIE

ZAIGUOQUDESHIDUONIANJIAN,“YISILAN”YICIYIQIANSUOWEIYOUDEPINLVJIANZHUYUBAODUANHEWANGLUO,YUZHIXIANGBANSUIDESHICHANGSHILINGRENZHENJINGHEBUJIEDEHUAMIAN。ERQUNIANYILAIISISDEXINGQI,YIJIJINQICHALIZHOUKANDENGSHIJIANDEFASHENG,GENGSHIRANGYISILANCHENGWEIYIGEDAOCHUBEITANLUNDEHUATI。KEYISHUO,SUIRANZAIGUOQUJISHINIANZHONG,YISILANSHIJIEZI18SHIJIHOUQIYILAIDETUISHIBINGMEIYOUCHUXIANNIUZHUANDEJIXIANG,DANYISILANJIAOQUEZAIGERENXINYANG、SHEHUISHENGHUO、GUOJIAZHENGZHIYIJIGUOJIGUANXIDENGCENGMIANXIANXIANCHUGENGDADEZHONGYAOXING,QUANQIUXINYANGYISILANJIAODERENSHUGENGSHIYIMINGXIANGAOYUQITAZONGJIAODEBILIZAIZENGJIA。CONGZHEIGEYIYILAISHUO,SUIRANDADUOSHUYISILANGUOJIAZAIGUOJIZHENGZHITIXIZHONGMINGXIANCHUYURUOSHI,DANSHIYISILANJIAOBENSHENQUEZAI“FUXING”。

伊斯兰复兴:自身的解读

侠客棋牌JIUYISILANJIAOBENSHENLAISHUO,FUXING(tajdid)BINGBUSHIYIGEXINJINCHUXIANDEGAINIAN,TANAISHIYISILANLISHIZHONGGUYOUDEGAINIANHECHUANTONG。RUGUOZAIJINYIBULAIKAN,ZAIYISILANLISHIGUANZHONG,RENLEIDELISHIBIANSHIYIGEBUDUANFUXINGLIXIANGCHUANTONGDEGUOCHENG。YINWEIWEIYIDESHENZAICHUANGZAOZHICHU,JIUWEIRENLEIQUELILEWANMEIDEXINYANG,ZHENGDAOYICONGSHENJIANGLINYUREN,“SHEIZUNXUNWODEZHENGDAO,SHEIBUHUIMIWU,YEBUHUIDAOMEI”(《GULANJING》20:123)。RANER,RENBENSHENSHIBUWANMEI、YIYUMIWUDE,SUIZHESHIJIANDELIUSHISHICHANGHUIPIANLIZHENGDAO,YINER《GULANJING》ZHONGYOUXIANGDANGPIANFUDEWENZIJIANGSHULECONGNUHA(NUOYA)、YIBULAXIN(YABOLAHAN)、MUSA(MOXI)DAOERSA(YESU)DENGZHONGDUOXIANZHIRUHESICHUBENZOU,JINGGAONEIXIEBUDAODEDESHETUAN、HUYUTAMENZHONGFANSHENZHIZHENGDAO、ZAISHALIYA(JIYISILANJIAOFA)DEGUIFANZHONGZHONGXINANPAIZIJIDESHENGHUO,YIBIANFUXINGSHENWEIRENLEISUOANPAIDEXINYANG。HECIQIANZHONGDUODEXIANZHIYIYANG,XIANZHIMUHANMODEGONGYUAN7SHIJICHUQIZAIALABOBANDAODESHENSHENGSHIMING,BINGBUSHIYAOCHUANGJIANCHUYIGEMINGWEI“YISILAN”DEXINZONGJIAO,ERSHIYINLINGYICHANGGEXIN,FUXINGZIRENLEIBEICHUANGZAOZHICHUJIUBEIFUYUDE、SHUNFUYUWEIYISHEN(JI“YISILAN”)DEXINYANG。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGJIANG,RENLEIDELISHIJIUSHIYIGEBUMIANZOUXIANGDUOLUODEGUOCHENG,YINERYAOBUDUANFUXING,HUIGUILIXIANGYANGBAN。

ZAIZHIHOUYISILANDELISHISHANG,FUXINGDECHUANTONGHEGAINIANBUDUANCHUXIAN。QIYUANTOUBUJINGENZHIYUYISILANJIAODEGENBENJINGDIAN《GULANJING》,ERQIEHAIZHIJIECUNZAIYUXIANZHIMUHANMODELIUXIADEJIAOHUIDANGZHONG。ZAIDIWEIJINCIYU《GULANJING》DEMUHANMODEXIANZHIYANXINGSHILU——《SHENGXUN》DANGZHONG,YOUYIZEJIZAIZHIJIESHUODAO“ZHENZHUHUIZAIMEIGESHIJIZHICHUJIZHEIGEWUMA(umma,ZHIMUSILINSHETUAN)PAIQIANYIREN,TAJIANGFUXINGWUMADEXINYANG。”YINER,MUSILINXIANGXIN,ZAILISHISHANGMEIBAINIANHUICHUXIANYIGEXIAOFUXINGZHE,MEIQIANNIANZEYOUYIGEDAFUXINGZHE。FUXINGDEMUBIAO,JIUSHIHUIFUDAOYUANCHUDELIXIANGZHUANGTAI。ERCONGJINGDIANJIAODULAIJIANG,YUANCHUDEYANGBANSHIWEIYISHENZAICHUANGZAOZHICHUJIUWEIRENLEIQUELIDE,DANSHICONGXIANSHILISHIDEJIAODULAIKAN,ZEJUTIBIAOXIANZAIXIANZHIMUHANMODESHIDAIJIANLIDEZHONGZHONGGUIFANZHIZHONG。

ZAIZHIHOUYIQIANDUONIANDELISHIZHONG,MEIFENGFENZHENGHESHUAILUOZHISHI,JIUHUIYOUYISILANZONGJIAOXUEZHEHEZONGJIAOYUNDONGQILAIHAOZHAOMUSILINSHETUANHUIDAOYUANCHUDEXINYANGHESHIJIANFANGSHI。ZHEIXIEFUXINGDEHAOZHAOHEYUNDONGDADUOSHIFUHEYISILANZHULIUJIAOYICHUANTONGDE,OUERYEYOUYIXIEHUICAIQUJIAOWEIJIDUANDEXINGSHI。DANBULUNRUHE,TAMENDOUJUYOUYIGEGONGTONGZHICHU,NEIJIUSHIJINGUANYOUDUOZHONGDUOYANGDEBIAOXIAN,DANSHISUOYOUFUXINGYAODEDAORENKE、SHOUDAOZUNZHONGDEGENBENYUANZEJIUSHI:FUXINGDEMUBIAOBUSHIWEILEXINSHE,ERSHIXIANGLIXIANGYANGBANDEHUIGUI,HUIGUIDAO《GULANJING》HE《SHENGXUN》SUOJIESHIDELIXIANGMOSHIZHONGQU,RENHEZAI《GULANJING》HE《SHENGXUN》DANGZHONGZHAOBUDAOYIJUDEZUOFA——JISUOWEICHUANGXIN、HUOCHENGBIAOXINLIYI(bidah),DOUBEIRENWEISHICUOWUDE。

YEJIUSHISHUO,FUXINGYUNHANZHEYIXIAQIANTI。SHOUXIAN,XIANGXINXIANZHIMUHANMODEZAIMAIDINEICHUANGJIANHEZHIDAODEZHENGYISHETUANYIJINGYONGYOUGEZHONGGUIFAN;QICI,FUXINGSHIYAOQUCHUNEIXIESHENTOUHEQINSHISHETUANSHENGHUODEWAILAI(WANGWANGZHIFEIYISILANDE)LISHIFUSHENGWUHUOSHIWUGENJUDECHUANGXIN;ZAICI,FUXINGWANGWANGYIWEIZHEDUIJIDINGDEJIGOU、TEBIESHITIZHIHUAZONGJIAOJIGOUDUIYISILANJIAODEJIESHIDEPIPAN。[1]ZAIZHEIYIQIANTIZHIXIA,BULUNSHIYISILANJIAOLISHISHANGSHENWEIJIAOYIXUEJIA、BEIYUWEIQIANNIANFUXINGZHEDEANSALI,HAISHI18SHIJIYILAIALABOBANDAODEWAHABU、NANYADEWALIWULA,DOUXUANCHENGYOUQUANZHONGXINDUIDANGSHIYISILANJIAONEIBUDEMOUXIEYAOSUJINXINGGEXIN,YIGENGJIAFUHECHUANTONGDEFANGSHIYUYIZHONGXINQUANSHI,JINERJINGHUAHEZHENXINGSUOCHUDESHEHUI。DANGRAN,ZHONGXINQUANSHIDEMUDEBUSHIWEILEYINGHEXINGUANNIAN,ERSHIHUIDAOHUOSHIZHONGXINCAIYONGDUYIWUERDE,QIEBENZHISHANGZHENGQUANXINGDEYISILAN,ZHENGRUTONGZAIQISHIZHONGSUOFANYINGDENEIYANG。

侠客棋牌CONGYISILANJIAOLISHISHANGLAIKAN,NENGGOUBEICHENGZHIWEI“FUXINGZHE”(mujaddid)DE,WANGWANGSHIZAIDANGSHIXIANGYOUSHENGYUDEZONGJIAOXUEZHE,YINQIZAIZONGJIAOSIXIANGLINGYUDEZHUOYUEGONGXIANERHUODEZANYU。DANSHIZI18SHIJIHOUQIYILAI,BANSUIZHEYISILANSHIJIEZHENGTIXINGDESHUAIRUO,YIJIXIFANGSHILIZAIYISILANSHIJIEHEXINQUYUDEKUOZHANG,FUXINGCHUXIANLEXINDEGAOCHAO,BINGXIANXIANCHUYUYIWANGLISHISHANGBUTONGDEFENHUA。MIANDUIDANGSHIMUSILINSHEHUIDESHUAILUOHETINGZHI,YAORUHESHIXIANFUXING,DANGSHIDEMUSILINSIXIANGJIAMENTICHULELIANGZHONGBUTONGDEJIEJUEFANGAN。

DIYIZHONGFANGANJIUSHISAILAIFEI(salafiyah)ZHUYIDESILU,QIDIANXINGDAIBIAOWEI19SHIJIXINGQIYUALABOBANDAODEWAHABIZHUYI。ZHEIZHONGSIXIANGRENWEIZAIGEZHONGWEIXIANDE“CHUANGXIN”ZHIXIA,YISILANXINYANGJIJIKEWEI,YAOJINGHUAZONGJIAOXINGWEIHESIXIANG、BAITUOSUOYOUDEFEIYISILANYINSU,CAIKEYIMIANZAOSHENDEQIANNU,SHIMUSILINSHETUANDEDAOZHENGJIU。ERJINGHUAZONGJIAOSIXIANGHEXINGWEIDELUJING,JIUSHILIXIANGHUADIWANQUANZUNXUNSAILAIFU(salaf,JIMUSILINXIANBEI,YIBANZHIXIANZHIMUHANMODEJIQIMENRENDIZI、ZAICHUANDIZISANDAIQIJIANDEMUSILIN)DEXINYANGHESHENGHUOMOSHI。ZHEIZHONGZHUZHANGBINGBUQIANGDIAODANGSHIMUSILINYIJINGQIESHIMIANDUIDEYUXIFANGDEJINGZHENGGUANXI,ERSHIRENWEIMUSILINSHEHUISHUAILUODEYUANYINJIUZAIYUBEILILESHENWEIRENZHIYINDEZHENGDAO、BEILILEXIANZHIMUHANMODEDEBANGYANG,XIAOFANGQIANSANDAIDELIXIANGMOSHI,CAISHISHIXIANFUXINGDEGENBENZHIDAO。

侠客棋牌DIERZHONGFUXINGFANGANJIUSHIRIHOUBEICHENGWEIYISILANXIANDAIZHUYI、HUOSHIYISILANGAIGEZHUYIDESILU,QIDAIBIAORENWUSHIMUHANMODE·ABUDU、ZHEMALUDING·AFUHANNIDENGSHENWEIFEIZONGJIAORENSHIDEMUSILINZHISHIFENZI。TAMENDUIMUSILINSHEHUIMIANLINDESHUAILUOHETINGZHISHENYOUGANCHU,DUIMUSILINSHEHUIXIANGBIYUOUZHOUDELUOHOUTONGXINJISHOU。ZAITAMENKANLAI,FUXINGSHIMUSILINSHEHUIDUIOUZHOUTIAOZHANSUOZUODEYIZHONGBIRANHUIYING。DANSHI,TAMENBINGBURENKEDANGSHIDEDONGFANGXUEJIAMENDUIYISILANSHIJIESUOCHIYOUDEYIXIEGUHUARENSHI。TAMENJIANXINYISILANYULIXING、YUKEXUEDOUSHIXIANGRONGDE,JIUSHIOUZHOUXIANSHIZHIJINBUYESHICIQIANSHOUYIYUYISILANWENMINGDEJIEGUO。

RUGUOSHUOGAIGEZHUYIZHEHESAILAIFEIZHUYIYOUYIDIANGONGTONGZHICHUDEHUA,NEIJIUSHIDOUTONGYANGJIANCHIYISILANJIAOSHIWANMEIDEXINYANG,BENSHENMEIYOURENHEQUEXIAN,YINERFUXINGZHIDAOBUKENENGSHIWAIYUANXINGDE,ERSHIBIXUCONGYISILANJIAONEIBULAIHUOQU。BUGUO,GAIGEZHUYIZHERENWEIXIANSHIMIANLINDEZHONGZHONGWENTIDEGENYUAN,ZAIYUXINYANGZHEWANQUANYILAIYUDUIZONGJIAOJINGDIANDEGUOSHIJIESHI,YINERYISILANFUXINGDEGUANJIANZAIYUBAITUONEIXIEGUSHOUCHENGUI、GUBUZIFENG、CHONGSHANGXIAOFANGDEZONGJIAORENSHI。FUXING,JIUSHIYAOGENJUSHIDAIFAZHAN、BUDUANGENGXINDUIJINGDIANDEJIESHI、BINGJINXINGZAIJIESHI,YINWEIYISILANJIAOBENSHENJUYOUZUGOUDEDANXINGHECHUANGZAOXING,WANQUANNENGGOUSHIYINGXIANDAISHEHUI。

伊斯兰复兴:穆斯林之外的认识

DANSHI,JINTIANRENMENTONGCHANGGUANNIANZHONGDE“YISILANFUXING”,BINGMEIYOUSHANGSHUZHEIYANGMANZHANGDELISHIHEBEIJING。WOMENZAIZHONGWENYUJINGZHONGSUOSHUODEYISILAN“FUXING”,DAGAIDUIYINGYUXIFANGXUESHUJIEHEMEITISUOCHANGYONGDAODEIslamic renewalHUOSHIIslamic revival。CONGJIAOWEIKUANFANDEYIYISHANGLAIKAN,TAZHIDESHIYISILANSHEHUIZAIGERENXINYANG、SHEHUISHENGHUO、GUOJIAZHENGZHIYIJIGUOJIGUANXIDENGCENGMIANRIYIQIANGDIAOHEZHONGSHIYISILANWENHUACHUANTONG,YOUCIDAOZHIYISILANZAIJINGSHENXINYANG、SHEHUISHENGHUO、GUOJIAZHENGZHI、DUIWAIZHENGCEDENGLINGYUDEQUANMIANFUXING。[2]JIANGQISHIWEIYICHANGFANWEIHONGDADESHEHUIYUNDONGDEHUA,DAGAISHIYUSHANGSHIJI60NIANDAI,YU70NIANDAIHOUQIDAO80NIANDAIFAZHANZHIGAOFENG,ZHIJINRENGWEIPINGXI。

YUCITONGSHI,ZAIYIXIEFEIMUSILINXUEZHE、TEBIESHIXIFANGXUEZHEKANLAI,SUOWEI“FUXING”JIUDENGTONGYUYISILANDEZHENGZHIHUAHEYISHIXINGTAIHUA,YINCIBEIGUANYI“ZHENGZHIYISILAN”、“YISILANZHUYI(Islamism)”、“YUANJIAOZHIZHUYI”(fundamentalism)DENGBUTONGCHENGWEI。ERYONGZAIMIAOSHUYISILANSHIJIEDESIXIANGZHUZHANGSHI,BENSHENSHIYONGYUSUOYOUZONGJIAODE“YUANJIAOZHIZHUYI”YEBEIXIAYIHUALIJIE,QIZHONGBAOHANDEDUIZHENGFUHEZHENGZHITAIDUDEFUZAXINGHEJUDACHAYIDOUBEIHULVE,JINQIANGDIAOZONGJIAOYINGGAIJIJICANYUZHENGZHI、TONGSHEZHENGZHIDENEIXIEZHUZHANG。ZONGDELAISHUO,YISILANFUXINGBEILIJIEWEI20SHIJISHISUHUACHAOLIUZHIXIADEYIZHONGFANXIANGYUNDONG,TAQIANGDIAOYISILANDUISHEHUIQUANFANGWEIDEZUOYONG,JUYOUFANDUIXIFANGHUA、FANDUISHISUHUADETEDIAN,TONGSHIZAIZHENGZHISHANGYAOQIUFANHUIYISILANJIAODEYUANCHUJIAOZHI、BIANGEXIANCUNDESHIJIEZHIXU、TUIFANXIANCUNDESHISUZHENGQUAN、JIANLIYOUZONGJIAOLINGXIUHUOJIAOFAXUEZHETONGZHIDEYI“SHALIYA”(YISILANJIAOFA)WEIJICHUDEYISILANGUOJIAHEZHIXU,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANSHENZAIRENJIANDEYIZHIDENGTEDIAN。[3]

ZAIZHEIYIRENSHIZHIXIA,YISILANFUXINGJIUSHIJI20SHIJISHENGXINGYUZHONGDONGDIQUDEGEZHONGBANBENDEMINZUZHUYI、YISILANSHEHUIZHUYIZHIHOUXINGQIDELINGWAIYICHANGYUNDONG,TABUJINQIANGDIAOCHUANTONGZONGJIAOGAINIAN、ZONGJIAOXINGSHI、ZONGJIAOGANQING、ZONGJIAOJIAZHIGUANZAIGERENSHENGHUOZHONGDEZUOYONG,GENGQIANGDIAOQIZAIZHENGZHILINGYUDEZUOYONG。ZHEIYIRENSHIZAIXIFANGXUESHUYANJIUDECHENGGUOZHONGYOUZHEFEICHANGDIANXINGDEFANYING。ZAIYIBENMINGWEI《YISILANFUXINGXIANFENG》DEZHUZUOZHONG,DANGDAIXIFANGZUIWEIZHIMINGDEYIXIEZHONGDONGYANJIUZHUANJIAHEYISILANYANJIUZHEDUIJINXIANDAIYILAIZHONGYAODEYISILANSIXIANGJIAJINXINGLEXITONGDEHUIGU,QIZHONGSHEJIZAOQIDEAFUHANNI、MUHANMODE·ABUDUDENGRENWU,DANSHIZHANFENLIANGGENGDUODEZESHIYILANGYISILANGEMINGLINGXIUAYATULA·HUOMEINI,YISILANCUJINHUIDECHUANGJIANZHE、YINBAFENZHIZHIHOUBAJISITANZHIMINGDEFANDUIPAILINGXIUMAODUDI,AIJIMUSILINXIONGDIHUIDECHUANGSHIRENHASANG·BANNA、AIJIMUSILINXIONGDIHUIDELILUNJIASAIYIDE·KUTEBU,LIBANENSHENYEPAIQUANLIYUNDONGLINGXIU、“AMAILE”YUNDONGCHUANGJIANRENMUSA·SADEER,YILAKESHENYEPAIZONGJIAOZHENGZHILINGXIUBAJIER·SADEERDENG,ZAIZHONGDONGZHENGZHILINGYUZHONGFAHUILEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGDERENWU。[4]

ZAIZHEIZHONGLIJIEZHIXIA,DANGDAIYISILANFUXINGZUIWEIDIANXINGDEDAIBIAOJIUSHI1979NIANFASHENGDEYILANGYISILANGEMING。XIANDAIYILANGJIANLIHOU50DUONIANLI,QIANHOULIANGRENGUOWANGDOUZHILIYUJIANLIYIGESHISUHUADEGUOJIA。ERQIE,DANGSHIZHENGGEYISILANSHIJIEDESHISUHUAQUSHISIHUYIJINGSHIBUKEDANG。JIUZAIRENMENRENWEIMINZUZHUYIHESHISUZHUYICHAOLIUYIJING、HUOZHONGJIANGZHUZAISHIJIE,ZONGJIAODEYINGXIANGJIANGDANCHULISHIWUTAIDESHIHOU,YONGYOUZHONGDONGDIQUZUIHAODEWUQI、PANGDADEJUNDUI、JUESHIYOUSHOURU,BEIMEIGUOSHIWEIHAIWANXIANBINGDEYILANGZHENGFU,BEIYICHANGYIZONGJIAOWEIQIZHI、JIMEIYOUTANKEYEMEIYOUSHIBINGDEGEMINGTUIFANLE。ZHEISHIYICHANGCONGSHISUDAOZONGJIAODEGEMING,TABUTONGYU20SHIJIZHONGQIZHONGDONGDIQUPINPINCHUXIANDEGEZHONGZHENGBIAN,GENGYUXIFANGSHEHUIDEZHENGZHILUOJIHEZHENGZHITUIDUANWANQUANXIANGBEI。GEMINGJIQIHOUXUYINGXIANGWUYIZHENHANLESHIJIE,YINWEITAJIQIDEJUDAXIWANGHEREQING,YIJIDUISHIJIEQITADIQUDEYINGXIANG,ZHUMINGDEYISILANJIAOYANJIUZHEBONADE·LIUYISISHENZHIRENWEIZHEICHANGGEMINGZAILISHISHANGDEDIWEIJIANGYUFAGUODAGEMINGHEEGUODAGEMINGTONGYANGZHONGYAO。[5]YISHIJIAN,YISILANFUXINGCHENGWEIXIFANGXUESHUJIEHEMEITISUOTAOLUNDEREDIANHUATI,DUIDANGDAIYISILANWENTIDEYANJIU,JICHENGDANGSHIZHIXIANXUE。

侠客棋牌DAIZHECHANTOUDEAYATULA·HUOMEINIQUDAILEYIGUANXIFANGZUOPAIDEBALIEWEIGUOWANG,CHENGWEIYILANGZHENGJUDESHIJIZHANGKONGZHE。ZHIHOUHUOMEINIDUIWAISHUCHUYISILANGEMINGDEJUCUODIANRANLESHATESHENYEPAIJUJUDEDONGBUCHANYOUSHENGDEQIYI,YILAKE、KEWEITEHEBALINYEJINSUIQIHOU。SUOWEIYISILANFUXINGDEDAHUOZAIXUNSUMANYAN。SUIRANXUDUORENRENWEIYISILANFUXINGDEZHUZHANGYI7SHIJIQIANQIDESHEHUIWEIYANGBAN,ZHEISHIBULIXINGHETUIBUZHUYIDEBIAOXIAN,DANSHIZAIZHONGDONGGENGWEIXIANDAIHUA、XIFANGDAOXIANGDEGUOJIA,BIRUAIJI、LIBANENDENGGUO,DOUXIANGJICHUXIANLEYINRENZHUMUDEFANSHISUHUAYUNDONG。XUDUOMUSILINGENGJIAYANSHOUJIAOGUI,QIANGDIAOYISILANDEZONGJIAOJIAZHIGUANHEJIATINGJIAZHIGUAN。“ZAIGONGGONGLINGYU,YISILANZUOWEISHISUDEMINZUZHUYI、ZIBENZHUYIHESHEHUIZHUYICANBAIDETIDAIXINGXUANZECHUXIAN。CONGAIJI、SUDAN、LIBIYAYIZHIDAOYILANG、BAJISITAN、MALAIXIYAHEYINDUNIXIYADETONGZHIZHE,HAIYOUGAIGEYUNDONGHEFANDUIPAIYUNDONG,DOUSUZHUYUYISILANDEFUHAO、XIUCIHELIXIANG,YIBIANSHIZISHENHEFAHUABINGDONGYUANMINZHONG、HUOQUZHICHI”。[6]

20SHIJI70NIANDAIYILAIDEYISILANFUXINGYINFALEBUTONGDEFANYINGHESIKAO。YIXIEXUEZHEBAZHEIYISHEHUIYUNDONGSHIWEIYISILANYUXIANDAIXINGZHIJIANDEYICIMOHEHEXIANGHUSHIYING。ZHUMINGDEYISILANSHEHUISHIXUEJIALAPIDUSI(Ira M. Lapidus)JIURENWEI,YISILANFUXINGSHIDUIQUANLIJIZHONGHUA、ZIBENZHUYIJINGJIFAZHANDENGXIANDAIXINGHUANJINGDEHUIYING,YESHIXIANDAIXINGDEYIZHONGWENHUABIAODA。DUIYISILANJIAZHIDEQIANGDIAOBINGBUSHIYAOHUIGUIDAOMOUGETEDINGDEXIRISHIGUANG,ERSHITONGGUODUIYISILANJIBENYUANZEDEZAIQIANGDIAOLAIYINGDUIDANGDAIWENTIDEYIZHONGNULI。ZAITAKANLAI,ZHEICHANGFUXINGYU18SHIJIDAO19SHIJIMUSILINSHIJIEMIANLINZISHENSHUAILUOHEOUZHOUZHIMINZHUYIRUQINSHUANGZHONGTIAOZHANSHISUOZUOCHUDEHUIYING,SHILEISIQIELIANGUANDE,JUYOUYIYANGDELISHIFANSHI。[7]

DANTASUOMEIYOUTIJIDESHI,XIFANGSHEHUIDUICICI“FUXING”HE18、19SHIJI“FUXING”DEFANYINGYOUZHEXIANZHUDECHAYI。ZAIYIBAIDUONIANZHIQIANDENEICHANGFUXINGZHONG,XIFANGKANDAODESHIJIYUYIJIUDE“DONGFANGYICHAN”ZHONGJIANGYOUJIHUIQUFENGE,HAIYOUMUSILINSHIJIEXIWANGXIAOFANGXIFANGDEPOQIEYUANWANG。ERZHEICIFUXINGYINFADEBUJINJINSHIZUICHUDEZHENJING,JIERCHUXIANDEGENGSHIDUIYISILANJIAOZHENGTIXINGDEKONGJU。YOUQISHIDUISUOWEI“JIJINDEGEMINGYISILAN”DEKONGJU,DANXINTADUIZHONGDONGDIQUSHISUHUAQUSHIDEFANZHUAN、DANXINTADUIALABOZHENGQUANDEWENDING、MEIGUODESHIYOUHUOQU、YISELIEDEANQUAN、BAYIHEPINGDAILAIDEWEIXIE。1981NIAN,AIJIZONGTONGANWAER·SADATEBEIMUSILINXIONGDIHUIYIGEJIJINFENZHIQIANFUZAIJUNDUIZHONGDECHENGYUANZAIYUEBINGSHISHANGCISHA,ZHEIGENGSHIBEISHIWEI“YISILANWEIXIE”KUODADEZHENGJU。YINCI,ZAITIDAOYISILANFUXINGDESHIHOU,GENGWEIPUBIANDEDIYIYINXIANGBINGBUSHIYIGEJIJIDEGAINIAN,XIANGFAN,ZAI“FUXING”ZHEIYANGZHENGMIANDECIYUZHIXIAANHANZHEZHIYIHEFOUDING。YUYISILANFUXING、YISILANFUXINGYUNDONGXIANGBANERLAIDE,QIAQIASHIYISILANWEIXIELUNDEXINGQI。

21世纪的复兴?

侠客棋牌DAOLE20SHIJIMOQI,CENGYINRENZHUMUDEYILANGGEMINGMOSHIDEFUXINGBINGMEIYOUCHANSHENGYUQIZHONGDEHOUGUO,“YISILANFUXING”JIANJIANBUZAISHIXUESHUJIETAOLUNDEREMENHUATI。DANJINNIANLAI,MEITISHANGGUANYU“YISILANFUXING”DEHUSHENGYOUQI,ZHEISHIJISHANGYUANYULIANGGEBIANHUA。YISHIYISILANCHUANTONGHEXINQUYUDEXIYABEIFEIZHENGZHIBIANDONG,YINFAZONGJIAOYINSUCHENGWEIGUONEIZHENGZHIHEDIQUZHENGZHIZHONGDEZHONGYAOBIANLIANG,LINGYIGESHIZAIOUZHOUYIXIECHUANTONGSHANGYISILANJIAOYINGXIANGJIXIAODEGUOJIAZHONG,MUSILINRENKOUJIJUZENGJIA,YISILANJIAODUISHEHUIGONGGONGSHENGHUODEYINGXIANGBUDUANXIANXIAN。

侠客棋牌ZIMEIGUOFADONGYILAKEZHANZHENGYILAI,20SHIJIZHONGQIYILAIXINGCHENGDEZHONGDONGDIQUZHENGZHIGEJUSHOUDAOZHONGCHUANG。SUIRANYOURENCENGYUCEZHEISHIZHONGDONGGEGUOLILIANGFENHUAHEZHENGHEDEXUMU,DANSHIZAIXUMULAKAIZHIHOU,WOMENKANDAOSHIJIUDEZHIXUYIJINGBENGKUI,DANSHIXINDESHIDAIYUANWEIDAOLAI。ZAIZHEIZHONGWUXUZHUANGTAIXIA,JIAOPAIZHUYI、ZONGJIAOJIDUANZHUYIDENGYINSUDOUKAISHIDUIGEYISILANGUOJIADEZHENGZHIFAZHANCHANSHENGQIANSUOWEIYOUDEJUDAYINGXIANG。

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XIFANGSHIJIEDEYISILANKONGJUZHENGBEIHOUYOUQIGENGWEISHENCENGDEYUANYIN。OUZHOUXUYAOMUSILINSHIJIEHEWAILAILAOLIWEICHIXIANYOUSHEHUIJINGJIZHIXU,DANBENSHENDEDISHENGYULVHESHEHUIFULITIXIYIRANMIANLINTIAOZHAN。YOUJUALABOYANYUSHUO:“LUOTUOYIDAODI,DAOZIJIULAILE。”ZAI19SHIJIDEFUXINGZHONG,YISILANSHIJIESIHUSHITOUDAODIDELUOTUO,JIELIXIANGYAOZHONGXINZHANLI。ERJINTIANDEOUZHOU,SIHUKONGJUZIJIJIUYAOBIANCHENGNEIDAODIDELUOTUO,RENSHUJIANDUODEMUSILINJIQIYINGXIANG,YIJINGCHENGLETAMENSUOYOUXINDENEIBADAOZI。

谁之复兴?何种复兴?

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(ZUOZHEDANWEI:ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUEZHEXUEYUANZONGJIAOXUEXI)

注释:

1.John L. Esposito, The Futuer of Islam, p.91, Oxford University Press, 2010.

2.金宜久:《当代伊斯兰教》东方出版社,1995年,第212~218页,。

3.赵国忠、刘靖华:《伊斯兰原教旨主义及其在中东的政治前途》,《西亚非洲》1992年第2期 。

4.HYPERLINK “http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=dp_byline_sr_book_1?ie=UTF8&field-author=Ali+Rahnema&search-alias=books&text=Ali+Rahnema&sort=relevancerank” Ali Rahnema,Pioneers of Islamic Revival, Zed Books, 1994.

5.Bernard Lewis, The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror, p.18, Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2004.

6.John L. Esposito, The Futuer of Islam, p.59, Oxford University Press, 2010.

7.Ira M. Lapidus, “Islamic Revival and Modernity: The Contemporary Movement and the Historical Paradigms”, Journal of the Economics and Social History of the Orient, Vol.40, No. 4(1997).

8.Melanie Phillips, “A Friendly Warning”,National Review Online, 2006年5月8日,

http://article.nationalreview.com/?q¼MTAxMWIxMGFmNDExYzBhNjFkMWExNGJiODAwNDhjODU¼.

9.Jamie Glazov, “Interview with Bat Ye’or, Author of Eurabia: The Euro-Arab Axis”,FrontPage, 2004年9月21日, http://www.frontpagemag.com/readArticle.aspx?ARTID¼11429.

10.可参见Abdulkarim Soroush, Reason, Freedom and Democracy in Islam, Oxford University Press, 2000,及Abdullhahi A. An-Na’im,Islam and the Secular State, Harvard University Press,2008.

11.Abdullhahi A. An-Na’im, “A theory of Islam, state and society ”, New Directions in Islamic Thought, pp. 145~163, ed. By Kari Vogt, I. B. Tauris, 2009.