NIU DONG

ZI2014NIAN8YUE19RIMEIGUOMISULIZHOUFUGESENBAOFAHEIRENSAOLUANYILAI,MEIGUOSHEHUIZHONGHEIRENYUJINGCHADECHONGTUDEXIAOXIJIUBUDUANCHUANCHU。2015NIAN4YUE27RI,MEIGUOMALILANZHOUBAERDEMODEDAGUIMOHEIRENSAOLUANZAICIJIANGMEIGUODEZHONGZUWENTITUIDAOLEFENGKOULANGJIAN。FEIZHOURENFENNUDIZOUSHANGJIETOUDEHUAMIANBUJINRANGRENHUIYIQI2009NIAN7YUEHE2012NIAN6YUEGUANGZHOUFASHENGDEFEIZHOURENQUNTIXINGSHIJIAN。ZHEILIANGGESHIJIANDOUQIYINYUGUANGZHOUJINGCHAPANCHAQIANZHENGGUOCHENGZHONGFEIZHOURENYIWAISIWANG,ZUIHOUYEDOUYANBIANWEIFEIZHOURENDAGUIMOJIETOUJIJU,ZUDUANJIAOTONG,WEIDUDIFANGPAICHUSUO,KANGYIJINGCHAZHIFA。NEIME,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIYOUQISHIGUANGZHOUZAIBUYUANDEJIANGLAISHIFOUYEHUIBAOFALEISIMEIGUODEYANZHONGZHONGZUWENTI?DUIZHEIGEWENTIDEHUIDAYOULAIYUDUIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENDESHENRURENSHI。

一则调动种族情绪的消息引发的思考

侠客棋牌2014NIAN6YUE17RI,WOWEIXINPENGYOUQUANZHONGCHUXIANLEZHEIYANGYIZEXIAOXI:“YOUYIGEHEIGUI(nigga)BEIZHONGGUORENDASILE。ZHINIMENWOSUOYOUDEZAIZHONGGUODEHEIGUI,NIMENYIDINGYAOJINGTI,YUANLISUOYOUDEZHONGGUONANRENHEZHONGGUONVREN。WOZHIDAOWOZAISHUOSHENME,QIUQIUNI,LAOXIONG(hommie)!SHOUXIANWOMENSHIHEIREN,TAMENRENWEIWOMENBUSHIRENLEI。JIUKANKANZUOTIANFASHENGLESHENMEBA。GENGDUODEHEIRENZAIZHONGGUOYUHAILE。HEIGUIBAZHEITIAOXIAOXIZHUANFAJIJIARENBA。XIANZAINEIXIEXIANGYAOGUANXINJIARENDERENJIUXIANGXIANG,RUGUONILIKAILEHAIZIHEQIZI,TAMENDESHENGHUOJIANGHUIZENMEYANG。”[1]

ZHEIZEXIAOXIXIAFUZHEYIZHANGSHIFAXIANCHANGDEZHAOPIAN,JITIANHOU,GUANYUZHEIZEFEIZHOURENSIWANGSHIJIANDEXIJIEFENGFUQILAI:“ZHIWOSUOYOUDEZAIZHONGGUODEYINLEPENGYOU,ZUOTIANZHEIGERENZAIFUZHOUYUNANLE,DANGTAZHENGYAOLIKAITABIAOYANDENEIGEJIUBADESHIHOU,LIANGGEZHONGGUONVHAIXIANGYAOHETAHEYING,ZHIHOUYIGEKEEDERENKANDAOLETA,RANHOUHEQITASANGERENMOUHAILETA。WORENSHITADEQIZIHETAYISUIDADENVER,TASHIGEHAOREN,YIZHIWEITADEJIARENGONGZUO。XIANZAIWODUIZHONGGUOSHIWANGLE,WOHENSHENGQI,NANGUO。QINGXIAOXINYIXIE,ANXIBA,WODEPENGYOU!”[2]

侠客棋牌WODESHOUJIZHONGYOUYIBAIDUOGEGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENWEIXINPENGYOU,TAMENJUEDADUOSHUBICIZHIJIANWANQUANBUXIANGSHI,RANERGUANYUFEIZHOURENSIWANGDEXIAOXIQUEZAISHUYUEZHONGBEIBUTONGDEFEIZHOURENDUOCIZHUANFA。XIANRAN,ZHEIGESHIJIANJILEWOHUIDA“ZHONGGUOSHEHUIYOUQISHIGUANGZHOUSHIFOUHUIBAOFAYANZHONGZHONGZUWENTI”DEQIJI。RUGUOFEIZHOURENZHENDEYOUNENGLICONGNEIBUCHAOYUEQIZISHENDEGUOJI、YUYAN、ZONGJIAO、ZUQUN、ZHIYEDENGCHAYIJIECHENGYIGEZHONGZULIANMENG,NEIMETAJIANGZHENGMINGGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENNEIBUCUNZAIYIGEJIANQUANDESHEHUIWANGLUOHEQIANGDADEDONGYUANJIZHI,KEYIJIANGFEIZHOURENTUANJIEQILAI,ZAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIMOUQIUZIJIDEQUANLIHEDIWEI。RANER,ZAIDUIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENNEIBUGEGESHETUANZUZHIDELINGXIUMENJINXINGFANGTANHOU,WOFAXIANXIANGXIANGZHONGTONGHESUOYOUGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENDEZUZHIBINGBUCUNZAI,YINERFEIZHOURENYEBUKENENGXIANGZAIMEIGUOSHEHUINEIYANGLIANHEQILAIZAIJIETOUBIAODASUQIU,JISHISHICENGJINGFASHENGDEGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENQUNTIXINGSHIJIAN,YESHIYOUDANYIFEIZHOUGUOJIAZHUDAODE;FEIZHOURENZAIZHONGGUODECUNZAIZHISHIZANSHIDE,RUGUOZHONGGUOZHENGFUYUANYI,TAKEYIHENKUAIRANGSUOYOUFEIZHOURENLIKAIZHONGGUO。

侠客棋牌ZAIMEIGUO,FEIYIZHONGZUYOUMANZHANGDELISHI,JINTIANTAMENDABUFENYIJINGCHENGWEIZHENZHENGDEMEIGUOREN;LINGWAIYIXIEZESHIGANGCONGFEIZHOU、JIALEBIDIQUDAODAMEIGUODEWAILAIYIMIN。GENJU2010NIANMEIGUODI23CIQUANGUORENKOUPUCHASHUJU,“HEIRENHUOFEIZHOUYIMEIGUOREN”GAODA4200WANREN,ZHANMEIGUOZONGRENKOUDE13.6%。[3]ER2010NIANZHONGGUODI6CIQUANGUORENKOUPUCHAZHONG,JINGNEIJUZHUSANGEYUEYISHANGHUONENGGOUQUEDINGJIANGJUZHUSANGEYUEYISHANGDEWAIJIRENYUANWEIJIN59.4WANREN,WAIJIRENYUANJINZHANZONGRENKOUDE0.045%,ERQIERENKOUPAIMINGQIAN10WEIDEGUOJIAWUYISHUYUFEIZHOU。[4]CHURENKOUSHULIANGYIWAI,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENYUMEIGUODEFEIZHOURENHAIYOUHEBUTONG,TAMENJIUJINGSHIZENYANGDEYIGEQUNTI?

对广州非洲人的基本认识

BENWENJIANGCONGZAIHUAZHIYE、ZAIHUAJIATINGWANZHENGCHENGDUHEQIANZHENGLEIXINGSANGEJIAODUCHANSHUDUIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENDEJIBENRENSHI。SHOUXIAN,JIUZAIHUAZHIYELAISHUO,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENZHUYAOYOUGUOJIMAOYISHANGRENHELIUXUESHENGZHEILIANGDAQUNTIGOUCHENG。RANERJISHISHILIUXUESHENG,QIZHONGYIBUFENSHISHISHANGSHIZAIJIEXUEXIQIANZHENGGENGZHANGDEJULIUSHIJIANLAICONGSHIZHONGFEIZHIJIANDEMAOYIHUODONG,YINERBUFENXUESHENGYECONGSHUYUSHANGRENQUNTI。CHULESHANGRENHEXUESHENG,HAIYOUXIEFEIZHOURENZICHENGSHIYINLEREN、ZUQIUYUNDONGYUAN、LIFASHI、CHUSHI、JIAOSHIHUOZHEMUSHI,ZHEIXIEFEIZHOURENDERENSHUSHIYOUXIANDE,BINGQIEHUODUOHUOSHAOYEZAIJIANZHICONGSHIMAOYIHUODONG。YINCI,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOUREN,ZHUYAOSHIZHICONGSHIGUOJIMAOYIDEFEIZHOUSHANGREN。YINMAOYIXUQIU,TAMENXUYAOPINFANWANGFANYUGUANGZHOUYUFEIZHOUZHIJIAN。

侠客棋牌DIER,JIUZAIHUAJIATINGWANZHENGCHENGDULAISHUO,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENKEYIFENWEIDUSHENXING、FEIDUSHENBUWANZHENGJIATINGXINGHEWANZHENGJIATINGXINGFEIZHOURENSANLEI。DUSHENXINGFEIZHOURENDUZILAIDAOGUANGZHOU,ZAIGUANGZHOUMEIYOURENHEQINSHU;FEIDUSHENBUWANZHENGJIATINGXINGFEIZHOURENHEBUFENJIATINGCHENGYUANYIQIJULIUGUANGZHOU;WANZHENGJIATINGXINGFEIZHOURENDEJIATINGCHENGYUANQUANBUJUYUGUANGZHOU。JUEDADUOSHUFEIZHOURENZAIGUANGZHOUBINGBUJUYOUWANZHENGJIATING,JIATINGYANSHENCHUDEQIANYINLISHITAMENQINGXIANGYUFANHUIBENGUO,YINCIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENZHENGTISHANGCHENGXIANGETIHUAHEGAOLIUDONGTEZHENG。ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGZAIXIFANGSHENGDANJIEZHIZHONGGUONONGLIXINNIANQIJIANGENGWEIMINGXIAN,DUOSHUFEIZHOUSHANGRENHUIZAISHENGDANJIEZHIQIANWANCHENGDINGDANFANHUIFEIZHOUYUJIARENTUANJU,YUZHONGGUONONGLIXINNIANJIESHU,ZHUSANJIAOGONGCHANGFUGONGZHIHOUFANHUIGUANGZHOU,BINGZAIYINIANLIANGJIEDEGUANGJIAOHUISHIDADAOGAOFENG,ZHEIDAOZHIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENJUJIQURENKOUHUICHUXIANNIANDUZHOUQIXINGBIANHUA。

DISAN,JIUQIANZHENGLEIXINGLAISHUO,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENKEYIFENWEIBUWENDINGQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEHEWENDINGQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHELIANGLEI。BUWENDINGQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEZHUYAOZHICHI“MAOYIQIANZHENG”(MZIQIANZHENG)HE“LVYOUQIANZHENG”(LZIQIANZHENG)RUJINGCONGSHIMAOYIDEFEIZHOUREN。MAOYIQIANZHENGZONGSHIZHANGYIBANWEI3GEYUEDAO1NIAN,DUOSHUMEIGE30TIANJIUBIXUCONGZHONGGUOHAIGUANLIJINGYICI;ZAIZHONGGUODUIFEIZHOUQIANZHENGSHOUJINHEZAIHUAQIANZHENGYANQIKUNNANDUZENGJIADEBEIJING,LVYOUQIANZHENGSHIZHANGYIBANWEI7TIAN,ZUIZHANGYEBUCHAOGUO30TIAN。CHIXUEXIQIANZHENG(XZIQIANZHENG)DEFEIZHOURENSUIRANHUISIXIACONGSHIMAOYIHUODONGHUOZHEWEIMOUXIEFEIZHOUCANTING、JIUBA、FALANGDAGONG,DANSHIZHEIZHONGXINGWEIZAODAOZHONGGUOXIANGGUANFALVDEJINZHI,BEIZHUAHUODELIUXUESHENGMIANLINBEIQUXIAOQIANZHENG,QIANSONGHUIGUODEFENGXIAN。YINCIQITINGLIU、JULIUYESHIBUWENDINGDE,KEBEINARUBUWENDINGQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEFANCHOU。ZAIGUANGZHOU,WENDINGQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEWANGWANGSHIZHIHEZHONGGUORENJIEHUNHOUHUODE“JIATINGTUANJUQIANZHENG”(QZIQIANZHENG)DEFEIZHOUREN、CHI“GONGZUOQIANZHENG”(ZZIQIANZHENG)CONGSHIMAOYIHUODONGDEFEIZHOURENJICHI“SIRENSHIWUQIANZHENG”(SZIQIANZHENG)DEFEIZHOUREN(TAMENDUOSHICHIGONGZUOQIANZHENGDEFEIZHOURENDEJIASHU)。JIATINGTUANJUQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEHUNHOUZAIHUALIANXUJUZHUMANWUNIAN,MEINIANBUSHAOYU9GEYUESHIKEHUODEYONGJIUJULIUZIGE。GONGZUOQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEZHONG,YOUDEZIJIKAISHEMAOYIGONGSI,YOUDERENSUOZAIGUOJIAHUOZHEDIBAI、XIANGGANGDENGDISANGUOJIA/DIQUMAOYIGONGSIZAIHUABANSHICHUDESHOUXIDAIBIAO。TAMENQIANZHENGSHIJIANCHANGWEI6GEYUE、1NIAN,QIJIATINGCHENGYUANWANGWANGKEYIHUODEXIANGYINGQIANZHENGSHIZHANG,QIEZAIQIANZHENGDAOQIQIANBUBICHUJING。

侠客棋牌DANGRAN,HAIYOULIANGLEIFEIZHOUREN,TAMENBUSHUYUSHANGSHURENHEYIZHONGQIANZHENGLEIXINGSUODAIBIAODERENQUN,JILAIZIFEIZHOU(ZHUYAOSHISUOMALI)DEXUNQIUBINANZHEHEQIANZHENGGUOQIDEWUZHENGJIANFEIZHOUREN。QIANZHEZAILIANHEGUONANMINSHUZHENBIEQIJIAN,CHI《XUNQIUBIHUZHEZHENGMING》KEYIWENDINGJULIUZHONGGUO,DANSHIRENSHUJIAOWEIYOUXIAN;ERHOUZHEDESHULIANGZEJUYOUJIDADEBUQUEDINGXING。YOUYUFEIZHOURENXUYAOZHANZHUANYUZHONGGUOBUTONGCHENGSHI、SHICHANGCONGSHIMAOYI,PINFANWANGFANYUZHONGGUOYUFEIZHOUZHIJIANHUODEQIANZHENGHUOGENGXINQIANZHENG,YINERZHENGTISHANGJUYOUJIGAOLIUDONGXING。ZAIZHONGGUODIFANGMEITIHEMINJIANSHEHUISUZAODEFUMIANPINGJIAZHONG,WUZHENGJIANFEIZHOURENDESHUZIBEIBUDUANKUADA。QISHI,ZHENGSHIYINWEIFEIZHOURENJUYOUDEGAOLIUDONGXING,CHUZHONGGUOCHURUJINGGUANLIBUMENYIWAIDERENHEXUEZHEJIJIGOUDOUBUJUYOUTONGJIZAIHUAFEIZHOURENDENENGLI。CIWAI,YOUYUQIGAOLIUDONGTEZHENG,ZAITIJIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENDERENKOUGUIMOSHI,BIXUMINGQUESHUJUCAIJIDESHIJIANJIEDIAN,ERFEIYIGESHIJIANQUJIANNEIDECHURUJINGRENCIXIANGJIA。GUANGZHOUGUANFANGYU2014NIANXIABANNIANSHOUCIDUOQUDAOGONGKAI“GUANGZHOUFEIZHOUREN”RENKOUSHUZI:6YUE,GUANGZHOUYOUYUE2WANFEIZHOUREN;9YUE,YOUJIN1.5WANREN;10YUE25RI,YOU16029REN。ZHEIYANGDESHUZIYUANYUGUANGZHOUGONGANJIGUANPANCHAQIANZHENGHEZHUSUDENGJISUODE。DANSHIWUZHENGJIANFEIZHOUREN、LAIDAOGUANGZHOUDANWEIJINXINGDENGJIDEFEIZHOURENHELIKAIGUANGZHOUDANWEIZHUXIAODENGJIDEFEIZHOURENDENGSANLEIRENDECUNZAI,SHIDESHANGSHUSHIJIANJIEDIANDEGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENSHUBUSHI“ZUIJINGQUE”DE。JIUZAIZHONGGUOMINJIANSHEHUIHEYIXIEZHONGWAIXUEZHEZHIYIGUANGZHOUGUANFANGSHUJUSHI,WODUIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENSHETUANZUZHIDEYIXIELINGXIUJINXINGLEFANGTAN。QIZHONGYIGELINGXIUZHEIYANGSHUO:“RUGUOGUANGZHOUSHIJISHANGYOU20WAN、30WANFEIZHOUREN,NEIYIWEIZHE10GERENZHONGZHIYOU1GERENYONGYOUZAIZHONGGUODEQIANZHENG。NIKAN,XIANZAIDEHUANJINGZHENDEBUHAO,ZHEIGESHIQINGNISHIZHIDAODE,ZHEI(ZHIZAIYANGEHUANJINGZHONG,90%DEFEIZHOURENWEIWUZHENGJIANZHILIUZHE)KENENGMA?”[5]2014NIAN1YUEZHI8YUECONGGUANGZHOUKOUANRUJING、CHUJINGDEFEIZHOUJIWAIGUORENWEI37WANRENCI,BULEJIEFEIZHOURENZAIHUAZHIYEHEQIANZHENGLEIXINGDEXIANGGUANZHONGWAIXUEZHEHEZHONGGUOMINJIANSHEHUIYIJIANGZHEIYANGDESHUZILIJIEWEI“GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENRENKOUSHUZI”。JIUMUQIANQINGKUANGERYAN,JISHIKAOLVLEWUZHENGJIANZHILIUZHEDECUNZAIYINSU,BUWENDINGQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEYEZHANGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENDEJUEDUIDUOSHU。

侠客棋牌ZONGZHI,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENZHUYAOSHIZHICONGSHIZHONGFEIZHIJIANGUOJIMAOYIDEFEIZHOUSHANGREN;JUEDADUOSHUFEIZHOURENZAIHUASHIJIANBINGBUWENDING,ZAIMAOYIXUQIU、JIATINGTUANJUQIANYINLIHEQIANZHENGYALIDEGONGTONGZUOYONGXIA,XUYAOPINFANWANGFANYUGUANGZHOUYUFEIZHOUZHIJIAN。ZHEISHIWOMENRENSHIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENDEJICHU。

非洲人在中国社会的融入程度

侠客棋牌JINGUANZISICHOUZHILUKAIPIZHIHOU,AIJIJIUHEZHONGGUOYOULEJIANJIEDEJIAOWANGHEHAISHANGMAOYI,BINGQIEZAI1200DUONIANQIANDETANGCHAO,JIUCENGYOULAIZIDONGFEIDEFEIZHOURENDAODAZHONGGUO。DANLISHISHANGPINFANDERENYUANWANGLAIBINGWEIGAIBIANZHONGGUODERENZHONGGOUCHENG,“ZHONGGUOREN”YIMENGGURENZHONGWEIZHU,ERQUEFANIGELUORENZHONG。1949NIANYIHOU,ZHONGGUOZHUJIANQUELILEYOU56GEMINZUGOUCHENGDETONGYIDUOMINZUGUOJIALANTU,ZHONGGUOZUOWEIYIGEMEIYOUHEISERENZHONGJIARUDEFEIYIMINGUOJIADEXINGZHIBIANDATIQUEDINGLE。ZAIXIANXINGFALVZHONG,WAIGUORENHUODEZHONGGUOGUOJI,HUODEYONGJIUJULIUZIGEDETIAOJIANJIWEIKEKE。ZAIZHEIYANGDEBEIJINGXIA,HEIPIFU、JUANFADEFEIZHOURENZAIGUANGZHOUXIANGJIAOYUQITAGUOJIADEWAIGUORENERYANGENGRONGYIZHAOZHIGUANZHU,ERFEIZHOURENDEZISHENGANSHOUYESHIRUCI。TAMENPUBIANGANJUEGUANGZHOUJINGCHADUIDAIFEIZHOURENBUYOUHAO,HUIJINGCHANGWUGUSHOUDAOJINGCHADEPANCHA:“(CONGFEIZHOURENJIAODULAISHUO)YAZHOURENKANQILAISHIYIYANGDE,ZHENGRU(CONGYAZHOURENJIAODULAISHUO)WOMENFEIZHOURENKANQILAISHIYIYANGDE。NIKAN,WOMENZOUZAILUSHANG,HUIBEIJINGCHALANJIEJIANCHAHUZHAOHEQIANZHENG,DANSHINEIXIEHANGUORENHERIBENREN,ZHIYAOTAMENBUSHUOHUA,MEIYOURENJITAMENMAFAN……WOQUZHUJIANGXINCHENG(GUANGZHOUSHICBD,OUMEIGUOJIALINGSHIGUAN、DAXINGKUAGUOGONGSIHEGUOJIJINRONGJIGOUJUJI,YOUJIAODUOBAIZHONGREN),NEILIMEIYOUJINGCHACHAWAIGUOREN,YINWEINIMENZHIGUANZHUFEIZHOUREN。”[6]ZAIGUANGZHOU,HEIPIFUDEFEIZHOURENJINGCHANGBEISHIWEIYIGETONGZHIDEQUNTI,BENDIRENYUFEIZHOURENDEGOUTONGTONGCHANGJINXIANYUMAOYILINGYU,XIANYOURENHUIQULEJIEFEIZHOURENDENEIBUCHAYI;RANERZAIFEIZHOURENZIJIKANLAI,TAMENSHIYOUHENDUOFEICHANGBUTONGDEQUNTIZUCHENGDE,XIANGHUZHIJIANCUNZAIJUDADEWENHUACHAYI。YIGENIRIERSHANGRENSHUO:“DUIYUWOMENLAISHUO,DANGWOMENKANDAOFEIZHOUREN,WOMENBUHUISHUOTASHIFEIZHOUREN,WOMENHUISHUOTAMENNAGEGUOJIADE,YINWEIWOMEN(BICI)KANQILAIBUYIYANG。SUOYIYOUSHIHOUNIDOUBUYONGSHUONISHILAIZINIRIER,RENMENYEHUIRENCHUNISHICONGNIRIERLAIDE。NIRILIYARENHEJIANARENYEBUYIYANG,JIANARENGENGJIAANJING;NIRILIYARENHEBEININGREN、DUOGERENYEBUYIYANG,DANSHITAMENZAIZHONGGUO,DOUBEICHENGWEI‘FEIZHOUREN’。”[7]

CONGWENHUACENGMIANLAISHUO,FEIZHOURENZAIZHONGGUOGANSHOUDAODEQISHIYIYOUWENHUACHAYIFANGMIANDEYUANYIN。“YIBAIWEIMEI”、“YIBAIZHEBAICHOU”DEZHULIUSHENMEIGUANZAIZHONGGUOZHANJUJUEDUIYOUSHI,ERZHONGXIFANGMEITIDEXUANCHUAN(RU《RENYUZIRAN》、《DONGWUSHIJIE》DENGLANMUHEOUMEIHEIBANGDIANYINGDENG)ZESHIZHONGGUORENXINGCHENGLEJIANGFEIZHOURENHE“YUANSHI”、“PINKUN”、“AIZIBING”、“ZHANZHENG”、“NANMIN”DENGRENZHIXIANGLIANXIDEKEBANYINXIANG。ZHONGGUOJINGLILEMANZHANGDENONGGENGSHEHUISHIDAI,YOUZHEANTUZHONGQIANDELISHIBEIJING,1949NIANYIHOUSHIXINGDEHUJIZHIDUYESHIDERENKOUZHENGTISHANGQUEFADAGUIMOGUONEILIUDONG(ZHIDAOGAIGEKAIFANG)HUOKUAGUOLIUDONGDEQUXIANG。DIFANGWENHUAYUNYUXIADEDIFANGZHONGXINZHUYISHIZHONGGUORENYIDUIWENHUACHAYIZHECHANSHENGPIANJIAN,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGZAIZHONGGUOBUTONGSHENGFEN,SHENZHITONGYISHENGFENBUTONGDIQUZHIJIANPUBIANCUNZAI。SUIRANDUOSHULAIHUAJINGSHANGDEFEIZHOURENDOUYOUZAISHUGEGUOJIASHENGHUOHUOJINGSHANGDEJINGLI,DANSHIZAIZHONGGUODIFANGSHEHUIDEWENHUAFENWEIZHONG,TAMENWUKEBIMIANDICHENGWEIBEIPAICHI、QUGESHENZHIQISHIDEDUIXIANG。YIGEWUGANDABAODAORENSHUO:“WOLAIZHONGGUOYIQIANQUGUODEGUO、BILISHI、YINGGUOHAIYOUNANFEI,DANZAIZHONGGUO,WOFAXIANZHONGGUORENBUNENGHENHAODIXIGUANFEIZHOUREN。YINWEIZAIGONGJIAOCHESHANG,RUGUOYOUREN(ZHIFEIZHOUREN)PENGCHULEZHONGGUOREN,NEIGEREN(ZHIZHONGGUOREN)HUIBIAOXIANCHUYANE,HUICASHIZIJI……ZHONGGUORENHUIYUANLIWO,HUOZHEYIXIERENMEIYOUWEIZHIYUANLIWODESHIHOUHUIWUBIZI,JISHIWOSHENSHANGMEIYOUSAXIANGSHUI,ZHONGGUORENYEZHAOYANGZUOCHUZHEIGEDONGZUO。”[8]

侠客棋牌XIANRANJIUMUQIANLAISHUO,YOUYUZHONGGUOFALVDEXIANZHIHEDIFANGWENHUADEPAICHI,FEIZHOURENRONGRUZHONGGUOSHEHUIYOUQISHIGUANGZHOUSHEHUIJIHUSHIBUKENENGDE。DANWOMENHULVELEYIGEQIANTI,JIFEIZHOURENCUNZAIRONGRUZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEXUQIUMA?ZHIJIAGESHEHUIXUEPAILILUNRENWEIWAILAIYIMINXUJINGLIJIECHU、CHONGTU、SHIYINGHETONGHUADENGSIBUSHIXIANDUIZHULIUSHEHUIDERONGRU,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGSHIBUXUYAOWAILIZUOYONGZIRANFASHENGDE。[9]RANER,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENCHULEJINGSHANGZHIWAIHEBENDIRENQUEFAJIAOLIU,ZHEIJIHUSHIXUEZHEMENDEGONGSHI。WODETIANYEGONGZUOZHONGYEJINGCHANGGUANCHADAOZHEIYANGDESHANGPINJIAOYICHANGJING:YIGEFEIZHOUNVRENTINGZAILELUBIANDENVBAOTANWEIQIAN。TAZHIZHEYIGEBAOKANZHETANZHU,TANZHUBUSHUOHUA,LIKEYONGJISUANQIDACHUSHUZIBINGJIANGJISUANQIDIJITA,FEIZHOUNVRENYONGZHONGWENJIANG“HENDUO”(YISISHIWOYAOMAIHENDUO),TANZHUYONGBUBIAOZHUNZHONGWENSHUO“MEIYOU,JIULIANGGE”。FEIZHOUNVRENNENGTINGDONG“MEIYOU”,DANSHITINGBUDONG“JIULIANGGE”,YUSHITANZHUBUDEBUJUQILIANGGEBAOSHIYI,CHUCIZHIWAI,ZAIBUYANQITA。[10]YUYANSHIKUAYUEWENHUABIANJIE,YIMINRONGRUMUBIAOGUOSHEHUIDEBIJINGTUJING;DANSHI,DUIYUGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENYOUQISHIHUISHUOYINGYUDEFEIZHOURENLAISHUO,JUEDADUOSHURENRENWEIMEIYOUBIYAOHUAFEIJINGLIQUXUEXIZHONGWEN,YINWEIZAIGUANGZHOUSHIYONGYINGYUYIJINGZUGOUYONGYUMAOYIJIAOLIU。CANJIAZHONGWENKECHENGDESHANGRENHENDUOSHIBENZHEXUEXIQIANZHENGERQUDE,XUEXIZHONGWENBINGFEIDIYIMUDE,DUITAMENLAISHUO,BANNIAN8000YUANDEXUEFEIHUANLAIZUGOUDEJULIUSHIJIANSHIZHONGBUCUODEXUANZE。ZAIMAOYIZHONGZHUANGOUQIANHUIGUOSHI,YIXIERENDUIZHONGWENRENGRANYIWUSUOZHI。

YIGEJIZAIGUANGZHOUMOUDAXUEXUEXIZHONGWEN,YOUSIXIAZUOSHENGYIDEFEIZHOURENZHEIYANGSHUO:“ZAIFEIZHOU,TAMEN(ZHIFEIZHOUREN)BUJINGCHANGQUXUEXIAO……TAMENMEIYOUXUEXIDEXIGUAN,TOUNAOLIZHIXIANGZHEQIAN,JIUSHIZHEIYANG。SHENZHISHIWO,ZAIGUANGZHOU,RUGUOWOHENMANGWOYEBUHUIQUWODEDAXUE,YINWEIWOXIANGYAOGENGDUODEQIAN,WOXUYAOQUSHICHANGLIMAIHUO……”BULUNZENYANG,MAOYIHELIRUNZONGSHIDIYIWEIDE,FEIZHOURENDUIXUEXIZHONGWENBINGRONGRUZHONGGUODIFANGSHEHUIBINGWEIYOUZUGOUDEREQING。

侠客棋牌DUIYUNEIXIENULIXUEXIZHONGWENDEFEIZHOULIUXUESHENGLAISHUO,QIXUEXIMUBIAOYEBINGFEITONGGUOYUYANRONGRUZHONGGUOSHEHUI,ERSHIXIANGZAIWANCHENGXUEYEHOUZAIBENGUOHUODEJIUYEYOUSHI。HENDUOZAIGUANGZHOUDEFEIZHOULIUXUESHENGDOUBIAOSHIZIJIXUEXIZHONGWENSHIYINWEIQIBENGUOYOUDALIANGZHONGGUORENCONGSHIKUANGCHANKAIFA、FANGDICHANHEJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,ZAIZHONGWENFANYILINGYUCUNZAIGUANGKUODEJIUYEKONGJIAN。TIANYEDIAOCHAQIJIAN,WOZAIYISHEQUFUWUZHONGXINDEWAIGUORENBUGONGZUO,JIUCANJIAZHONGWENKECHENGDEFEIZHOURENSHUHENBUWENDINGDEXIANXIANGZUOGUOYIXIEFANGTAN,YIGEQIANLAIXUEXIDECHENGYUANSHUO:“WOYEBUZHIDAOWEISHENMETAMEN(ZHIFEIZHOUREN)BULAI,WOXIANGZHEIHEKECHENGBENSHENMEIYOUSHENMEGUANXI……DUIYUWOLAISHUO,WOJUEDEBUSHILAOSHIBUHAO,ERSHIXUESHENGBUZHENXIXUEXIDEJIHUI,YINWEITAMENMEIDASUANXUEXIZHONGWEN,TAMENZHIDASUANZAIZHONGGUOZHUANQIAN,HUIJIA,MAIFANG,JIEHUN,JIANLITAMENDEJIATING。NISHUOXUEXIZHONGWENKEYIHEZHONGGUORENJIAOPENGYOU,SHIDE,ZHEIYANGDUIYUZUOSHENGYILAISHUOSHIHENZHONGYAODE;DANSHINIBUHUIZHONGWEN,YEKEYIZUOHENHAODESHENGYI,ZHEISHISHISHI。”[11]

ZONGZHI,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENQUEFARONGRUZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEXUQIU,ZHONGGUODEFALVXIANZHIHEDIFANGWENHUAPAICHIYESHIDEFEIZHOURENBUNENGRONGRUDAOZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHONGQU,YINCIJIUSHEHUIRONGRUCHENGDULAISHUO,FEIZHOURENDERONGRUCHENGDUSHIXIANGDANGDIDE。DANGRAN,BUNENGFOURENYIXIEFEIZHOURENYOURONGRUZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEXUQIUBINGQIEYIJINGDADAOLEJIAOGAODERONGRUCHENGDU。RUZAIZHONGGUOCHUSHENGCHENGZHANGDEFEIZHOUERTONG、HEZHONGGUORENJIEHUNDEFEIZHOURENDENG,RANERZHEIXIERENZHANGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENDEBILISHIHENDIDE,BINGBUYINGXIANGWOMENDUIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENRONGRUCHENGDUDEZONGTIRENSHI。

广州非洲人:一个被想象的共同体

侠客棋牌2014NIAN6YUE17RIGUANYUFEIZHOURENZAIZHONGGUOSIWANGDEXIAOXIBINGMEIYOUQUDONGGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENCONGNEIBUCHAOYUEQIZISHENCHAYIJIECHENGYIGEZHONGZUGONGTONGTI,YEMEIYOUJINYIBUCUSHIXINGCHENGLEISI2009NIAN7YUEHE2012NIAN6YUEGUANGZHOUFASHENGDEFEIZHOURENQUNTIXINGSHIJIAN。YIWEIKANDAOCIZEXIAOXIDESAINEIJIAERRENDUIWOSHUO:“WOYIWEITASHINIRILIYAREN。YEXUTASHINIRILIYAREN,DANSHITAKENENGNAZHEKAMAILONGHUZHAO……DUIYUZHEIJIANSHIQING,WOGANDAOHENJINGYA。WOSHIMUSILIN,WOBUHEJIU,BUQUJIUBA……TAKENENGSHIKAMAILONGRENBA……”[12]WODEGANGGUO(JIN)BAODAORENSHOUDAOZHEITIAOXIAOXIZHIHOUZECHENGWEILEJIJIDEZHUANFAZHE,JINGUANTABIAOSHIDUOSHUFEIZHOURENKENENGZHINENGWUNAIDIJIESHOUZHEIGEXIANSHI,YINWEIZHEILISHIZHONGGUO,RUGUOZHEIJIANSHIQINGMEIYOUYINGXIANGDAOFEIZHOURENZAIZHONGGUODESHENGYI,FEIZHOUSHANGRENMENKENENGBUHUICHUSHOUXIANGZHU。BEICIFEIZHOURENGUOJIDEMOHUXING、SHIFACHANGSUODEZHENGYIXINGSHIDEFEIZHOURENDEQINGXUDEDAOLEHENDADEPAIJIE,RANERZAIZHEIXIEXIAOXIDECHUANBOGUOCHENGZHONG,YIRANKEYIMINGXIANGUANCHADAOYIXIEFEIZHOURENDEQINGXUBEIGANRAN,GETIFEIZHOURENYOUCHAOYUEGUOJI,JIANG“FEIZHOUREN”DINGYIWEIQUBIEYUZHONGGUODEYIGEZONGTIDEQINGXIANG。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGJINGZHONG,FEIZHOURENZAIGUANGZHOUGANSHOUDAODEBEIPAICHIHEQUGEDEGONGTONGTIYANJIAQIANG,DANSHIJISHANGXINGCHENGDESHIYIZHONGXIANGXIANGZHONGDEGONGTONGTI。ZHEIGEGONGTONGTIBUJUYOURENHESHITIDEXINGSHI,ZHISHILINSHICUNZAIYUFEIZHOURENBEIDIAODONGDEZHONGZUQINGXUZHIZHONG。

侠客棋牌SHISHISHANG,CILEIKEYIDIAODONGZHONGZUQINGXUDESHIJIANZAIGUANGZHOUJISHAOFASHENGDE,YINCIJISHISHANGSHUBEIZHONGGUORENPAICHIHEQUGEDEGONGTONGTIYANYIRANCUNZAI,FEIZHOURENBICIZHIJIANDECHAYIHEGERENLIYIDEDUOYANGXINGYEHUICHIXUZUAIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENCHENGWEIYIGEQUBIEYUZHONGGUORENDEZHENGTI。JIAZHIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENBENSHENJUYOUDEGAOLIUDONGXINGJIJIAODIDERENKOUGUIMO,TAMENSUIRANNENGGOUXINGCHENGYIGONGTONGGUOJIWEIJICHU,YILINGXIUWEIZHONGXIN,DUINEIXIANGCHENGYUANTIGONGHUZHUYUZHIYIN,DUIWAIZUOWEISHETUANZUZHIYUQITAZUZHIHUDONG,[13]QUEWUFAZAIDAZHOUCENGMIANXINGCHENGYIGETONGYIDEFEIZHOURENLIANMENG。YINCI,SUIRANDUONIANZHIQIANJIUYOUGUANGZHOUDEMOUFEIZHOUGUOJIASHETUANZHUXIHAOZHAOSUOYOUFEIZHOURENLIANHEQILAIZUCHENGYIGE“GUANGZHOU/ZHONGGUOFEIZHOURENSHETUAN(African community in Guangzhou/China)”,DANSHIZHEIGEDONGYIBINGMEIYOUHUODEDADUOSHUFEIZHOUSHETUANZUZHIDEXIANGYING。

侠客棋牌SHISHISHANG,“FEIZHOURENZAIGUANGZHOU”ZUOWEIYIZHONGSHEHUIXIANXIANGYOUQIFAZHANHESHUAILUODEGUOCHENG。FEIZHOURENZAIGUANGZHOUDELISHIBINGBUZHANG,GENJUYIGEGANGGUO(BU)RENDEMIAOSHU,2008NIANYIQIAN,GUANGZHOUDEFEIZHOURENLIAOLIAOWUJI,ZHIDAO2008NIANAOYUNHUIZHIHOU,FEIZHOURENCAIKAISHIYUELAIYUEDUODELAIDAOZHONGGUO。[14]ERZHEIHEZHUSANJIAOZHIZAOYEDEFAZHAN,YIJIZHONGGUOZHENGFUDUIFEIZHOUSHIWUDECANYUSHILIBUKAIDE。DANSUIZHEJINNIANLAIRENMINBIDUIMEIYUANHUILVDETIGAO、GUANGZHOUJIFUJINSHIXIANWAIMAOSHICHANGDIJIADEZENGZHANG、WAIMAOXINGYELAODONGLICHENGBENDESHANGSHENG、FEIZHOUJINGJIDEXIANGDUIDIMIDENGQINGKUANGDECHUXIAN,LAIHUAJINGSHANGDELIRUNYIBEIJIDAYADI,ZHEICONGGENBENSHANGXUERUOLEFEIZHOURENLAIGUANGZHOUDEDONGLI。CIWAI,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENRENSHUBEIBUDUANKUADA,ZAIYULUNYALIXIA,GUANGZHOUGUANFANGDUIFEIZHOURENDEGUANLIYUEFAYANGE。YOUQIXIFEIAIBOLAYIQINGBAOFAYILAI,GUANGZHOUDEFEIZHOURENJUJIQUYIRANCHENGWEIFANGZHIYIQINGKUOSANDAOZHONGGUODEQIANYANZHENDI,YIXIEDUANQIQIANZHENGCHIYOUZHEBEIXIANZHIHUODELINSHIZHUSUDENGJI。SUIZHEQIANZHENGXUQIANDENANDUCHIXUJIAQIANG,FEIFAJIUYEHEJULIUDEFEIZHOURENYEZAODAOGENGYANLIDECHENGFA。WODEBAODAORENMENDUILAIHUAQIANZHENGSHOUJINHEYANGEDEGUANLIWUBUBAOYUAN,SUODUANDEQIANZHENGSHIZHANGYIJINGYINGXIANGDAOMAOYIMUBIAODESHIXIAN。 [15]2015NIANNIANCHU,YIXIEZAIGUANGZHOUKAISHEMAOYIGONGSIHUOZHEZUOWEIGONGSIZHUHUADAIBIAODEFEIZHOURENKAISHILIKAIGUANGZHOUDAORIBEN、MEIGUO、YUENANDENGGUOJIALVXING,KAOCHAXINDEGONGHUOSHICHANG;YIXIEWANGNIANBICANJIAGUANGZHOUYINIANLIANGJIEDEJINCHUKOUSHANGPINJIAOYIHUIDEFEIZHOUSHANGRENYEQUEXI2015NIANCHUNJIDEGUANGJIAOHUI。ZHEIXIEDOUKEYIKANZUO“FEIZHOURENZAIGUANGZHOU”ZUOWEIYIZHONGSHEHUIXIANXIANGQUYUSHUAILUODEJIXIANG。RUGUOSHUOZAIZHONGFEIMAOYIZHONGCHENGGONGDEFEIZHOURENZAIFEIZHOUSHEHUIYOUBANGYANGDEZUOYONG,CUSHIGENGDUODEFEIZHOURENLAIHUA,NEIMEZHEIXIEFEIZHOUSHANGRENDELIKAIYEHUIQIDAOXIANGTONGDESHIFANXIAOYING。FEIZHOURENZAIGUOJIMAOYIJIAZHILIANDEQIANYINXIACHIXULIKAIGUANGZHOU,JIANGZHIJIEZUZHI“FEIZHOUREN”ZUOWEIYIGEGONGTONGTICONGXIANGXIANGZOUXIANGZHENSHIDEKENENG,YEHUICONGGENBENSHANGWAJIEGUANGZHOUWEILAIBAOFAZHONGZUWENTIDEJICHU;ERZHEIZHONGYUPANSHIFOUHUISHIXIAN,JIANGZHIJIEQUJUEYUFEIZHOUDEZHENGTIJINGJIZOUSHI、ZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEDEFAZHANQINGKUANGHEGUANGZHOUWEILAIDEDUIWAIKAIFANGSHUIPING。

 

ZHONGZUWENTIZUOWEIMEIGUOSHEHUIFANFUFAZUODEWANJIYIJINGJIMEIGUORENQIAOXIANGLEJINGZHONG,ZHEIRANGWOMENBUDEBUJUANSIWEI,JINSHENYUPANZHONGGUOYOUQISHIGUANGZHOUZAIBUYUANDEJIANGLAISHIFOUJUYOUBAOFALEISIWENTIDEKENENG。QISHIZHEILISHEJIYIGEGENBENDEFANGFALUNWENTI,JISHIFOUJIANGGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENSHIZUOZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHONGDEWAILAIYIMIN(immigrant)。WAILAIYIMINYI“BAGENERQI”、“YIQUBUFUFAN”DIYICHUYUANJIGUO,YIRUMUBIAOGUO,DINGJUXIALAIBINGRONGRUDANGDISHEHUIWEITEZHENG。ERCONGSHIZHONGFEIZHIJIANGUOJIMAOYIDEFEIZHOUSHANGREN,ZAIMAOYIXUQIU、JIATINGTUANJUQIANYINLIHEQIANZHENGYALIDEGONGTONGZUOYONGXIA,PINFANWANGFANYUGUANGZHOUHEFEIZHOUZHIJIAN,TAMENQUEFARONGRUZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEXUQIU,ZHONGGUOFALVXIANZHIHEDIFANGWENHUAPAICHIYESHITAMENBUNENGRONGRUDAOZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHONGQU,YINCIGUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENJIBUSHIWAILAIYIMIN,YEBUSHINENGQUDEGONGMINSHENFENDE“FEIZHOUYIZHONGGUOREN”,ZHEICONGBENZHISHANGQUBIEYUZAIMEIGUODEFEIZHOUREN。FEIZHOURENGETIZAIZAOYUTESHUSHIJIANSHIHUICHANSHENG“GUANGZHOUFEIZHOUREN”SHIZHONGZUGONGTONGTIDEXIANGXIANG,DANZHEIGEGONGTONGTIBUJUYOURENHESHITIXINGSHI。SUOYIJIUMUQIANERYAN,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENLIANHECHENGWEIZHONGZULIANMENGCUSHIGUANGZHOUBAOFAZHONGZUWENTIDEKENENGBINGBUCUNZAI。RANER,ZHONGGUOWEIJUSHIJIEDIERDEJINGJIZONGLIANG、WENDINGDEZHENGZHIHUANJINGYIJIZHONGGUOZAIHAIWAIRIYIZENGZHANGDEYINGXIANGLI,DUIWAIGUOREN(BAOKUOFEIZHOUREN)YIMINZHONGGUODEDONGJI、XINGWEIDESUZAOJIANGSHIZHANGQIDE。ZHIYOUDANGFEIZHOURENNENGGOUQUEBAOZAIHUAWENDINGJULIUDIWEI,BINGQIEJIATINGCHENGYUANJUNDINGJUZHONGGUOSHI,TAMENCAIYOUKENENGCHAOYUEQUNTINEIBUCHAYIJIECHENGZHONGZUGONGTONGTI,ZAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIMOUQIUQUANLIHEDIWEI,MAIXIAZHONGZUWENTISHENGGENFAYADEZHONGZI。

侠客棋牌ZUOWEIFEIYIMINGUOJIADEWAIGUOREN,GUANGZHOUFEIZHOURENBUXIANGYOUHEZHONGGUOGONGMINDENGTONGDERENHESHEHUIQUANLIHEFULI,ERQIEGENGDUOQINGKUANGXIAZHISHIZHONGGUOFALVZHONGBEIYUESHUHEGUANLIDEDUIXIANG。FEIZHOURENYEWEICENGJIANGGUANGZHOUSHIZUOZIJIFANYANSHENGXIDEXINJIAYUAN,TAMENDEMENGXIANGYIRANGENZHIYUGUOJIMAOYIJIAZHILIANZHONGDEZHONGFEIMAOYIGUANXI。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,ZAIGUANGZHOUJUZHUCHAOGUO10NIANHEGANGLAIGUANGZHOUZHIJIGEYUEDEFEIZHOURENBINGWUDUODACHABIE,YINWEITAMENDOUHUITIYANDAOXIANSHISHENGHUODEBUQUEDINGXINGHEWEILAIDEDUOZHONGKENENGXING。GUANGZHOUFEIZHOUREN,ZHISHIZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHONGDUANZANDECUNZAI,TAMENZHISHIZHONGGUOXIANJIEDUANCANYUQUANQIUHUAGUOCHENGZHONG,ZAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIYIYUCHUXIANDE“GUOKE”。

侠客棋牌(ZUOZHEDANWEI:ZHONGSHANDAXUESHEHUIXUEYURENLEIXUEXUEYUAN)

[1].2014年6月17日笔者微信朋友圈的观察笔记。

[2].2014年6月20日笔者微信朋友圈的观察笔记。

[3].United-states-census-bureau. The Black Population: 2010. United States Census Bureau website. 2011-1-1. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-06.pdf.

[4].中华人民共和国国家统计局:“2010年第六次全国人口普查接受普查登记的港澳台居民和外籍人员主要数据”新华网,2011-4-29. http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2011-04/29/c_121365315.htm.

[5].2014年12月6日在广州市越秀区环市东路某大厦办公室的访谈。

[6].2014年5月23日在广州市越秀区下塘西路金麓山庄的访谈记录。

[7].2014年1月4日在广州市白云区广园中路广州城市职业学院的访谈记录。

[8].2013年8月9日在广州市越秀区登峰街家庭综合服务中心的访谈记录。

[9].Park Robert E. Race and culture. New York: The Free Press, 1950: 82~84.

[10].2013年10月15日在广州市越秀区宝汉直街的观察记录。

[11].2014年1月4日在广州市白云区广园中路广州城市职业学院的访谈记录。

[12].2014年6月17日在广州市越秀区登峰街家庭综合服务中心的访谈记录。

[13].牛冬:《“过客社团”:广州非洲人的社会组织》,《 社会学研究》 2015年第2期。

[14].2014年5月23日在广州市越秀区登峰街家庭综合服务中心的访谈记录。

[15].2015年4月26日在广州市越秀区天秀大厦的访谈记录。