SHIZHAN

遭受误解的非洲

TIJIFEIZHOU,GUORENNAOHAIZHONGFUXIANCHUDEDIYIYINXIANGWANGWANGSHI,ZHEISHIYIKUAIJIEDEDALU、PINQIONGDEDALU、DONGDANGDEDALUDENGDENG。ZHEIXIEYINXIANGYOUHENDUODOUSHIYOUWENTIDE,TAMENHUIYANZHONGWUDAOWOMENDUIYUFEIZHOUDELIJIE。XIAMIANCULVELAIFENXIYIXIAZHEIXIEWUJIE。

侠客棋牌YOUYUWENDAIGUOJIADEJINGYAN,WOMENHUIRENWEIYOUYULIANGSHIDUANQUE,CONGERDAOZHIFEIZHOUCHENGWEIYIKUAIJIEDALU。DUIJIEFEIZHOUDEYINXIANGDUOLAIZIRUOGANZHAOPIAN。QIZHONGZUIZHUMINGDESHINANFEISHEYINGSHIKAIWEN·KATEZAI1993NIANPAISHEYUSUDANNANBUDETIWEI《JIEDENVHAI》DEZHAOPIAN。YIGENVHAIQUANSUOZAIDISHANG,SHENHOUYIZHITUYINGZHENGDENGDAIZHETADESIQU,CIYIZUOPINDUIRENLEIXINLINGDEZHENHANSHIWUYULUNBIDE。DANPAOQUEQINGGAN,KEGUANLAIKAN,DANGSHISUDANNANBUZHENGSHENSHOUNEIZHANZHEMO,CHUXIANYANZHONGDELIANGSHIWENTI,BINGBUSHIYINWEILIANGSHIDUANQUE,ERSHIYINWEILIANGSHIFENPEIJIZHISHOUZHANZHENGSUOLEIWUFAYUNZHUAN。LINGWAIHAIYOUDUOFUGUANYU1973~1974NIANAISAIEBIYADAJIHUANGDEZHAOPIAN,JIMINPIBAOGUTOU,SHUANGYANWUSHEN,CANGYINGLUOZAISHENSHANGDOUMEIYOULIQIQUGAN。RANER,AMADIYA·SENZAIQIZHUZUO《PINKUNYUJIHUANG》ZHONGCENGDUICIZUOLESHIZHENGYANJIU,TAZHENGMING:JIHUANGNIANFENDELIANGSHICHANLIANGSHIJISHANGYAOHAOYUCIQIANRUOGANNIANMEIYOUJIHUANGDENIANFEN,JIHUANGDECHUXIANBUSHIYINWEILIANGSHIDUANQUE,ERTONGYANGSHIYINWEIFENPEIJIZHICHUXIANLEYANZHONGWENTI。WOMENSUOSHUZHIDEFEIZHOUJIHUANGDOUSHIFASHENGZAISAHALAFUJINDEFEIZHOUBUFEN,ERZAISANANREDAIFEIZHOUZECONGLAIMEIYOUCHUXIANGUO。YINWEISANANHEIFEIZHOUDEZIRANTIAOJIANJIQIYOUYUE,DAZIRANTIGONGDESHIWUJIQUEBAOLEBUHUICHUXIANJIHUANGWENTI,XIANGDUIJIANDANDELAOZUOBIANKEYOUSHOUCHENG。SUOYI,LIJIEFEIZHOUJIHUANGWENTISHIXUYAOQUBIEDUIDAIDE,SAHALAFEIZHOUDEJIHUANGBUYINLIANGSHIDUANQUE,ERSHIYINLIANGSHIFENPEIJIZHIERQI,ZHEISHEJIDEBUSHICHANLIANGWENTI,ERSHISHEHUIZHILIWENTI;SANANHEIFEIZHOUZEGENGBUCUNZAIJIHUANGWENTI,CUNZAIDESHIPINKUNWENTI,BIAOXIANWEIPUTONGFEIZHOURENWULIXIAOFEIYIBANRIYONGPIN,SHENGHUOSHUIZHUNDIXIA。DUIWENDAIGUOJIAERYAN,PINKUNYUJIHUANGXIANGBAN,DANWOMENBUKEYICILAITONGYANGTUIDUANREDAIFEIZHOU。

RENMENRENWEIFEIZHOUSHIYIKUAIPINQIONGDEDALU,CIZHONGRENSHIZHISHAOKEYISHUOSHIBUQUANMIAN。FEIZHOUSHEHUIPINFUGAODUFENHUA,QIONGRENSUIRANCHIFANMEIWENTI,DANJIBENWUGOUMAILI;FURENZESHENGHUOZAIGAOSHUIZHUNDANGZHONG,QIQUNTIBIWOMENTONGCHANGXIANGXIANGDEYAODA,JIFUXIAOFEILI。YOUYUBENTUJIQIQUEFASHENGCHANNENGLI,FEIZHOUDEJIBENGONGYEPINDOUXUJINKOUQIEYANZHONGGONGBUYINGQIU,YIZHIZAIFEIZHOUDERIYONGPINYUYIBANGONGYEZHICHENGPINDEJIAGEYAOBIZHONGGUOGAOBUSHAO。CONGQIANLIJIAODUERYAN,FEIZHOUGENGSHIJIQIFUYOU。WULUNSHIFENGFUDEKUANGZANG,HAISHISHANGJIADEGENGDI,ZAIDAOJIJIADELINYE、SHUILIZIYUANDENG,DOUWEIFEIZHOUYIHOUDEFAZHANTIGONGLEJIBENDEQIANTI。ZHEIXIEZIYUANMUQIANDEKAIFADOUBIJIAOYOUXIAN,YINWEIFEIZHOUQIANQUEZIJIN、JISHUYIJIJICHUSHESHI,JIUQIGENYUAN,YEYUFEIZHOUGUOJIAJIANGOU、SHEHUIZHILINENGLIQIANJIAYOUGUAN。

GUOJIAJIANGOU、SHEHUIZHILIDEQIANJIADEQUEKEYIGUIJIEDAOFEIZHOUDEDONGDANGDANGZHONGQU。DANZHEIGEWENTIHAISHIYAOGENGXIZHIDILAIKAN。YIFANGMIAN,BUJIANXIEDEDONGDANGSHIDULIHOUFEIZHOUGUOJIADEYIGETESE,JIBENSHANGZAILENGZHANHOUCHIXUSHINIANYISHANG,DANSHIJINRU21SHIJI,FEIZHOUDEDONGDANGWENTIYIJINGDAWEIXIAOJIE,DANGXIA,DABUFENFEIZHOUGUOJIADEZHENGZHIDOUBIJIAOWENDING。DIANSHISHANGOUERKANDAOGEBIEFEIZHOUGUOJIAFASHENGNEIZHAN,DANBUYAOWANGJINEIBUGUOWUSHISIFENZHIJIDESHIQING(FEIZHOUYOU54GEGUOJIA)。LINGYIFANGMIAN,FEIZHOUDEDONGDANGYUJINDAIYILAIDEZHENGZHI、SHEHUIJIEGOUDENGYOUMIQIEGUANLIAN,YAOZHAODAOTUPOKOU,HAIXUYAOXIANNONGQINGXIANSHIZHENGZHI、SHEHUIJIEGOUDELAILONGQUMAI。

世界历史视野下的非洲

侠客棋牌DANGJINSHIJIECHUZAIQUANQIUHUADEFEISUFAZHANZHIZHONG,QIBIAOXIANWEIXINXI、ZIBEN、JISHU、RENYUANDENGDEKUAGUOJIEGAODULIUDONG。ZHEIYIGUOCHENGCHUSHIYU500DUONIANQIANOUZHOURENTANSUOXINHANGDAODENULI,GAINULIDAILAILEDILIDAFAXIAN,GENGDAILAILESHIJIESHICHANGDECHUXIAN。SHIJIESHICHANGDEFAZHANZHUJIANJIANGQUANQIUGUOXIEJINYIGEBUKENIDEJINCHENG,SHIJIELIANWEIYITI,YIWANGBICIGULIHUOSHIJINHUGULIFAZHANDEDIFANG,BEIZHENGHEJINYIGEZONGTIXINGDESHIJIELISHIJINCHENG。MAKESIZAI《DEYIZHIYISHIXINGTAI》ZHONGDUICIYOUHENHAODEBIAOSHU:“GEGEXIANGHUYINGXIANGDEHUODONGFANWEIZAIZHEIGEFAZHANJINCHENGZHONGYUESHIKUODA,GEMINZUDEYUANSHIFENGBIZHUANGTAIYOUYURIYIWANSHANDESHENGCHANFANGSHI、JIAOWANGYIJIYINJIAOWANGERZIRANXINGCHENGDEBUTONGMINZUZHIJIANDEFENGONGXIAOMIEDEYUESHICHEDI,LISHIYEJIUYUESHICHENGWEISHIJIELISHI。LIRU,RUGUOZAIYINGGUOFAMINGLEYIZHONGJIQI,TADUOZOULEYINDUHEZHONGGUODEWUSHULAODONGZHEDEFANWAN,BINGYINQIZHEIXIEGUOJIADEZHENGGESHENGCUNXINGSHIDEGAIBIAN,NEIME,ZHEIGEFAMINGBIANCHENGWEIYIGESHIJIELISHIXINGDESHISHI。”ZHEIYANGYIZHONGSHIJIELISHIGUOCHENGDEZHANKAI,QIYUANDONGLISHIXIFANGSHIJIEZAIJINDAIDEXINGQI,DUIYUSHIJIEQITADIQU,ZHEIGOUCHENGLEXIANDAIXINGDUIYUGUDIANXINGDEQUANMIANCHONGJI,TASUZAOLEQUANXINDEXIFANGWENMING,YESUZAOLEFEIXIFANGSHIJIE,BINGJINERSUZAOLEZUOWEIZHENGTIDERENLEIBENSHEN。JIWANGDELISHIGUOCHENG、DANGJINDESHIJIEZHIXU、WEILAIDEQIANJINGZHANWANGDENGDENG,DOUXUYAOFANGZAIZHEIYANGYIGEDADESHIYEXIAKAOCHA。

FEIZHOUZAIJINDAIYILAIJIBENSHANGBUSHIZUOWEIYIGESHIJIELISHIZHUTICHUXIANDE,XIANGFAN,TAYIZHISHIZUOWEIYIGEKETI,CHUYUBEIXIFANGWENMINGSUZAODEDIWEI。XIFANGDETUOZHANGUOCHENGKEJINYIBUFENWEIJIGEJIEDUAN,FEIZHOUZAIQIZHONGBEIDONGDIBANYANLEBUTONGDEJIAOSE,ZHUJIANBEIZHENGHEDAOLESHIJIEZHIXUDANGZHONG。

侠客棋牌16、17SHIJISHICHUSHIJIEDUAN,CISHI,XIFANGLILIANGDEKUOZHANGZHUYAOSHITONGGUOHAIWAIMAOYIDEFANGSHIZHANKAIDE。XIBANYA、PUTAOYAZUICHUKAISHILEHAIWAIDIGUODETUOZHAN,TAMENLVXIANZHANLINGLEDALIANGDEZHIMINDI。JIZHIERQIDEHELAN、YINGGUOZEKAICHUANGLEDABUXIANGTONGDESHANGYEDIGUOMOSHI。LIANGGUOMAOXIANSHANGRENFAMINGLEYOUXIANZERENGONGSI、GUFENGONGSIDENGXIANDAISHANGYEZHIDU,YICIWEIJICHUZHANKAILEHAIWAISHANGYEHUODONG。QISHIZUIWEIZHONGYAODEMAOYILUJINGZHIYIBIANSHIZHUMINGDE“SANJIAOMAOYI”。OUZHOUSHANGRENCONGBENGUOCHUFA,ZHUANGZAIYAN、BUPI、LANGMUJIUDENG,YUNZHIFEIZHOUXIBUYANANDIQUFANMAI;RANHOUGOUMAIHEIRENNULI,CHUANYUEDAXIYANG,YUNDIMEIZHOUZHONGZHIYUAN;ZAIZAIMEIZHOUGOUMAITANG、YANCAOHEDAOMIDENGFANHANGOUZHOU。ZHEITIAOHANGXIANDELUJINGDAZHIGOUCHENGSANJIAOXINGZHUANG。SANJIAOMAOYILIRUNJINGREN,OUZHOUSHANGRENJIECIWANCHENGLEYUANSHIZIBENJILEI。DUIYUZAOQIDESHANGYEDIGUOZHUYIERYAN,MAOYIJUDIANHEHAISHANGHANGXIANDEZHANLINGBITUDIDEZHANLINGGENGJIAZHONGYAO,SUOYI,OUZHOUZAIFEIZHOUDECUNZAIZHIBIAOXIANWEILINGXINGDEMAOYIJUDIAN,MEIYOUDAGUIMOZHANLING。FEIZHOUZAIGAIZHIXUDANGZHONGDEDIWEISHIHENBEICANDE,HEINUZUOWEISHANGPIN,SHIFEIZHOUBEIDONGDIGUOXIEJINXIFANGSHANGYEDIGUODEFAZHANDANGZHONG。BUGUOHAIYAOKEGUANTICHU,BEILVESHANGCHUANDEFEIZHOUHEINU,DUOSHUBINGBUSHIOUZHOURENZHIJIEBUHUODE,ERSHIYOUGOUDELEOUZHOURENQIANGPAODEFEIZHOUYANHAIBULUO,DAONEIDIBULUOBUHUOLAIZHUANSHOUDE。HOULAI,ZHEIXIEDIDUIBULUOZAIYIZHIMINJIANGJIEERHUADINGZISHENDEFEIZHOUDULIGUOJIAZHONGBEIPOBINGCUN,QIBICICHONGTUYOULAIYIJIU。

ZAIOUZHOUFANGMIAN,MAOYIZHENGDUOBANSUIZHEZHANZHENG,DANOUZHOURENYEZAIXUNZHAOZHEIYIQIEDEGUIFAN。ZHONGJIELE“SANSHINIANZHANZHENG”DE《WEISITEFALIYATIAOYUE》,CONGFALVSHANGGUIDINGLEGUOJIZHIXUDEYIBANGUIZE,XINGCHENGLEXIANDAIGUOJIFADELAIYUAN。OUZHOURENJIANGZHEITAOGUOJIFAGUIZESHIZUOGUOJI“WENMINGXINGWEI”DEJIZHUN,WEIJIENAGAITAOGUIZEDEDIFANG,BIANBUBEIJIESHOUWEIPINGDENGDEDUISHOU。YUSHI,FEIZHOUBEIJINYIBUCONGFALVSHANGGUIDINGWEIDIDENGDE,XUYAOOUZHOURENDEQUANFANGWEIGUIXUN。ZHEIYIGUIXUNBUJIUJIUDAOLAILE。

侠客棋牌18SHIJIZHONGHOUQI,OUZHOUFASHENGLEGONGYEGEMING,ZAOQIDESHANGYEDIGUOZHUYIKAISHIZHUANXINGWEIGONGYEDIGUOZHUYI。GONGYEJINGJIXUYAODESHIYUANCAILIAODEWENDINGGONGYING,YIJIBUDUANKUODADEXIAOSHOUSHICHANG。DUIZUIXIANFASHENGLEGONGYEGEMINGDEYINGGUOERYAN,SHANGYEDIGUODEHAIWAIMOSHIBINGBUXUYAOTAIDUOBIANHUAYENENGMANZUZHEIXIETIAOJIAN。DANSHIJINRU19SHIJIZHONGHOUQI,OUZHOUDALUYEKAISHILEGONGYEGEMING,YOUQISHIDEGUO,QIJINGJISHILIXUNSUPANSHENGYIZHICHAOGUOLEYINGGUO。CISHIDEDEGUOMIANLINYIGEYANJUNDEWENTI,JINGJISHANGDEXUNSUJUEQIBINGWEIDAILAIZHENGZHISHANGDEXIANGYINGZIXIN。DEGUOXIANGDUIERYANLINGTUXIAXIAO、DICHUZHONGOUDEBULIDIYUANGEJU、DUONIANFENLIEDEJIYI、JIGESHIJIYILAIZUOWEIOUZHOUZHANCHANGYIZHISHENGLINGTUTANDELISHI,DOULINGZHEIGEXINJUEQIDEQIANGGUOZAINEIXINSHENCHUYOUYIZHONGNANYIKEFUDEBUANQUANGAN。GAIZHONGQINGJIEZAIJINGJIMENGZHANGDECUIHUAXIAZHUANWEIKUANGREDEMINZUZHUYIQINGXU,LITUMOUDE“YANGGUANGXIADEDIPAN”。JIUHAIWAIERYAN,CISHIZHISHENGXIAFEIZHOUHAIYOUDAPIANLINGTUYOUDAIZHENGFU。SHIFENGDEGUODESHICHOUFAGUOZAIPUFAZHANZHENGZHIHOUDALIZAIFEIZHOUKUOZHANGYIHUIFUYUANQI,ERYINGGUODANXINFAGUODEKUOZHANGHUIJIANGYUANLIAOYUSHICHANGXIANGYINGGUOFENGBI,YEZAIFEIZHOUMOQUANCAZHANG。WEILEXIEDIAOLIEQIANGDEXINGDONG,ZAIBISIMAIDEZHUCHIXIA,1884NIANZHAOKAILEBOLINHUIYI,DACHENGLEGUANYUFEIZHOUGUAFENGUIZEDEGONGSHI。HUIHOUDUANDUANSHIJINIAN,ZAIFEIZHOUJIHUYIBUZAIYOU“WUZHU”DETUDI。

ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHULEJIGEBIEDEDIFANGZHIWAI,FEIZHOURENJIBENSHANGSHIMEIYOURENHEFAYANQUANDE,TAMENDEJIAYUANBEIOUZHOURENZAIDITUSHANGYIZHAOCHIGUIERFENGE,YITIAOTIAOYANZHEJINGWEIXIANLICHUDEJIEXIANKUANGDINGLETAMENCIHOUDEMINGYUN。HOULAIDEJINGJISHIBIAOMING,DUILIEQIANGERYAN,FEIZHOUZHIMINDIDEZHANLINGWULUNCONGYIMINDEJIAODULAISHUO,HAISHICONGYUANLIAO、SHICHANGDENGJINGJIJIAODULAISHUO,DOUSHIHENBUHUASUANDE,DUIFEIZHOUDEGUAFENZHIBUGUOSHIZHENGBAGEGUOZAIQIUTUKUNJINGZHONGDEFENGKUANGZHIJU。RANER,ZHEIDUANLISHIQUEDUIFEIZHOUYOUZHEJIDADEZHONGYAOXING——TADIYICIJIANGFEIZHOUWANZHENGDIZHENGHEJINYITAOGUOJIFAQUANZHIXUZHIZHONG。ZUOWEIGETIDEFEIZHOURENYEXURENGRANBUSHI“WENMING”DE,DANSHIZUOWEITUDIDEFEIZHOUDALUZEYINARUXIFANGZHIXU,XUYAOFUCONGGUOJIFADEDIAOJIE。SHENZHI,ZAICIJIEDUANBAOCHILEDULIDELIANGGEHEIRENGUOJIAAISAIEBIYAHELIBILIYAYEZHUJIANBEIJIENAWEIZHENGSHIDEGUOJIFAZHUTI。FEIZHOUDEDILIKONGJIANBEIXIANDAIGUOJIFAQUANSUOFENGE,OUZHOUGUAFENSUOLIUXIADEBIANJIE,ZHENGSHIHOUSHIFEIZHOUGUOJIADULIHOUDELINGTUJIANGJIEZHIBIAODA。JINGUANTACHANGCHANGJIANGXIANGTONGDEBUZUFENGEZAIBUTONGDEGUOJIA,DANWUSUNQIGUOJIFASHANGDEXIAOLI。FEIZHOUYIYIZHONGGUAIYIDESHENFENKAISHIJUANRULEXIANDAISHIJIEZHIXUDANGZHONG——FEIZHOUTUZHUMEIYOUQUANLI,TUDIBEIBAIRENSUOHUAFEN,TONGSHI,HUOSHIZHANJULEHEIRENTUDIDEBAIRENYI“FEIZHOUREN”DESHENFENLAIZHUZHANGGUOJIQUANLI,HUOSHIBAIRENZONGDUZHILIDANGDIDELINGTU,BINGYITONGZHIWUWANZHENGMINSHIQUANLIDEHAITONGDEFANGSHILAITONGZHIHEIREN。FEIZHOUBEIDONGDIHUODELEYIZHONGGUOJIFASHENFEN。

SIHOUBUJIUBAOFALELIANGCHANGHAOJINOUZHOUYUANQIDESHIJIEDAZHAN。ZAIYIZHANHOU,GUOJIZHIXUDEZHENGDANGXINGJICHUJIFASHENGLEJUBIAN。JIWANGDEDIGUOGUAFENMOSHIBUZAIJUYOUTIANRANDEZHENGDANGXING,MEIGUOZONGTONGWEIERXUNTICHUDE“MINZUZIJUE”YIYUEERWEIXINDEZHENGDANGXINGJICHU。GAILINIANWEIFEIZHOURENDEDULIJIANGUOZHIZHUZHANGDIANDINGLEJICHU,BINGZAI1960NIANDAIZHIHOUHUAWEIXIANSHI,FEIZHOUGUOJIAFENFENDULI,HEIRENYIXINDEFANGSHIJINRULEGUOJIFAQUANZHIXUDANGZHONG。

侠客棋牌RANER,XIANGDANGCHENGDUSHANG,GUOJIFAQUANZHIXUDEZHUTIYUGUOJIZHENGZHIZHIXUDEZHUTIHAISHILIANGHUISHI。BAIRENZHIMINZHEDEZHIJIETONGZHITUICHULEFEIZHOUZHIMINDI,DANSHITAMENTONGGUODUIYUFEIZHOUGUOJIACAIZHENG、JINRONGTIXI、DUIWAIMAOYIDENGDEZHANGWO,JIXUQIDUIFEIZHOUDEJIANJIEKONGZHI。ZAIOUZHOUDEQUYUXINGKONGZHIZHIWAI,FEIZHOUGUOJIAHAIGENGCHUZAIYIGEQUANQIUGEJUDEYUESHUZHIZHONG。TAMENDULIZHIHOU,BIANXUNJIMIANLINZAILENGZHANZHIZHONGZHANDUIDEWENTI。CHANGJIANDEQINGXINGSHI,YOUYUBUZUDUILI,XINDULIDEGUOJIANEIBULIANGPAISHENZHIGENGDUODEPAIBIEBICIZHIJIANZHENGDOUBUYI,GEYIYIFANG,YUSHIXUEXINGDENEIZHANBIANBAOFALE。YOUXIEGUOJIADALEJINIANZHIHOU,YIGEQIANGRENYAZHIZHULESUOYOUDUISHOU,YITUOZHEWAIYUAN,JIANLIQIDUCAITONGZHI;LINGYOUXIEGUOJIAZESHINEIZHANCHIXUDUONIANYEWEIJIANFENXIAO。SUOYI,ZHEIGESHIHOUBINGMEIYOUZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDEFEIZHOUNEIBUZHIXU,TASHICONGSHUYULENGZHANZHIXUDE。JINRUSHANGSHIJI90NIANDAI,LENGZHANJIESHU,LIANGDAZHENYINGBUZAIZHENGDUOFEIZHOU,XIANGZHEILIDEZIYUANTOUFANGYESUIZHIZHOUJIAN。GUOQUDEYIXIEDUCAIZHEMASHANGYUDAOLECAIZHENGKUNNAN,WUFACHIXUXIAQU,FEIZHOUHENDUODIFANGZAICIBAOFANEIZHAN,YOUYILIANGCIGANGGUO(JIN)NEIZHANWEISHEN;SHENZHIBAOFADATUSHA,YIRULUWANGDADENGDI。JINGGUOSHIYUNIANJIDUDEDONGDANG,ZHIXUZAICIWENDINGLEXIALAI。DAOZHEIGESHIHOU,WOMENCHUBUKEYISHUOJUYOUYIDINGYIYIDULIXINGDEFEIZHOUZHIXUDANSHENGLE。

非洲的独立与新的国际政治经济秩序

侠客棋牌HEIFEIZHOUSHIGECHUANTONGDENONGMUYEZIRANJINGJIDIQU,ZHIMINZHEZAIBUFENDIQUDAILAILEXIANDAISHANGPINJINGJI,DANQIBIAOXIANWEIYUZHOUZAODIQUTUOJIE、ZHIJIELIANXIYUSHIJIESHICHANGDEKUANGYEJINGJIYUZHONGZHIYUANJINGJI,ZAIZHEIXIEWAIXIANGXINGJINGJIFEIDIDEZHOUBIAN,SHIGUANGDADECHUANTONGJINGJIQU。ZHEIYANGYIZHONGERYUANJINGJIDUIFEIZHOUDECHUANTONGSHEHUIJIEGOUDAILAIJUDAPOHUAI,BINGBANSUIZHEFEIZHOUGUOJIADEDULIJINCHENG,NAIZHIYANXUDAODULIHOU。

FEIZHOUGUOJIAZAIZHENGQUDULIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,FEICHANGCULVEDISHUOYOULIANGZHIZHONGYAODELILIANG。YIZHILILIANGSHISHOUGUOXIFANGJIAOYUDEJINGYING,YIJICONGSHIDUIWAIMAOYIDESHANGREN,TAMENLITUYICHENGLIYOUHEIRENZHANGQUANDEMINZU—GUOJIADEFANGSHILAIBAITUOZHIMINTONGZHI。DUIZHEIXIERENERYAN,ZHIMINTONGZHIGENBENSHANGSHIGEZHENGZHIWENTI。TAMENTONGSHIXIWANGYONGXIFANGDEWENMINGLAIGAIZAO“YUMEILUOHOU”DEFEIZHOUCHUANTONG。LINGWAIYIZHILILIANGSHIDALIANGZOUCHUXIANGCUNLAIDAOCHENGSHILIXUNZHAOGONGZUOJIHUIDEFEIZHOUMINZHONG,TAMENZAIJINGJISHANGCHUYUFEICHANGBULIDEDIWEI,YOUYUTUOLILECHUANTONGSHEHUI,YOUYINCISHIQULESHEHUIBAOZHANG。DUIZHEIXIERENERYAN,ZHIMINTONGZHIGENBENSHANGSHIGESHEHUIJINGJIWENTI。ZHEILIANGZHILILIANGDOUDUIBAIRENDEZHIMINTONGZHIBUMAN。ZAIDULIYUNDONGZHONG,LIANGZHILILIANGHELIU,DANQISUQIUBINGBUXIANGTONG。JINGYINGTUANTILITUQUZHIMINZHEERDAIZHI,YIZHAOXIFANGMOSHIJIANLIGUOJIA,DANSHISHIDANLIGU,BIANDONGYUANYIBANDAZHONG,XUANCHENGGANZOUZHIMINZHEJIANGHUIYINGLAIFEIZHOURENDEJIEFANG;YIBANDAZHONGWEILEJIEJUEZISHENSUOMIANLINDESHEHUIYUJINGJIWENTI,BIANYUZHIHEZUO,GANZOULEZHIMINZHE。

ZHENGZHIWENTIDEJIEJUESHIDEXUDUOFEIZHOUBENTUJINGYINGZHUANWEIJIDELIYIZHE,RANERFEIZHOUDEJINGJIJIEGOUMEISHENMEBIANHUA,DAZHONGGUANXINDESHEHUIJINGJIWENTIYEBINGMEIYOUJIEJUE。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,DUIDAZHONGDEDONGYUANKENENGXINGCHENGXINDEDONGDANGZHIYUAN。YUSHI,YIXIEFEIZHOUGUOJIADEJINGYINGTONGZHIZHUANXIANGLEZHUANZHI,ERZHEIZHONGTONGZHIWANGWANGSHIJINYIBUQIANGHUALEJIUDEZHIMINSHIJINGJIJIEGOU,ZHEIJIUGENGJIANGZHEIXIEDIFANGDEFEIZHOUJINGYINGYUYIBANDAZHONGJICHUANTONGSHEHUIGEJUEKAI。LINGYIXIEGUOJIADEFEIZHOUJINGYINGLITUZAIFEIZHOUDAILAIGENBENDESHEHUIBIANGE,RENWEIZHEISHIFEIZHOUJIEFANGDEGENBENTUJING,ZHEIJIUXUYAODUIYIBANDAZHONGBAOCHIGAOQIANGDUDEDONGYUAN,ZHEIZHONGDONGYUANJIZHIBIRANZOUXIANG“FEIZHOUSHEHUIZHUYI”:LITUYIYIGELUOJISHANGXIANYU“GUOJIA”DE“DANG”DELINGDAO,JIEJUEZHENGZHIYUSHEHUIZHEISHUANGZHONGWENTI。ZAILENGZHANZHONG,XIFANGYUSUDONGLIANGDAJITUANGEZIZHICHIYIPIFEIZHOUGUOJIA,SHIDELIANGTIAOLUDOUHAINENGWEICHI,ZHENGZHIWENTIMAOSIJIEJUELE,JINGJISHANGZESHIDEFEIZHOUGUOJIAJINYIBUZHIMINHUA。LENGZHANHOU,JIEJUEJINGJIWENTIDESHIBAI,ZAIGEGUODEBUZUZHENGZHIYIJIZHUDUOKUAJINGBUZUZHICUNZAIZHEIYANGYIGEBEIJINGXIA,SHIDEFEIZHOUGUOJIAZHENGZHIYOUXIANRUDONGDANG。JINGGUOSHIYUNIANNEIZHAN,GEGUORENKUNMAFA,WULIZAIZHAN,YUSHIZHIXUDAZHIWENDINGLEXIALAI。

DANSHIZHEIYIBENTUZHIXUHAISHIYAOBEITONGHEZAIQUANQIUZIBENZHIXUXIALAIHUODELIJIE。ZAIMEIGUODEZHUDAOXIA,ERZHANHOUJIANLILEGUANMAOZONGXIEDING、SHIJIEYINXING、GUOJIHUOBIJIJINZUZHIDENGGUOJIZUZHIYUJIZHI。TAMENJUYOUJISHUXING、ZHONGLIXINGDEWAIGUAN,DANMEIGUOZHENGSHITONGGUOTAMENSHIXIANDUIYUSHIJIEDEROUXINGWANGLUOKONGZHI,JIANLILEZIBENDIGUOZHIXU。ZHEIYIZHIXUZAIERZHANGANGGANGJIESHUHOUBEIJUXIANZAIXIFANGZHENYINGDANGZHONG,DANQIYUANZESHANGSHIYAOTUOZHANWEIYIGEQUANQIUXINGZHIXU;DUILIDEGONGCHANZHUYIZHENYINGZAIJINGHUHUIKUANGJIAXIASHITUJIANLIYIZHONGCHAOGUOJIEDEJIHUAJINGJIZHIXU,QIZAIYUANZESHANGYEYAOTUOZHANWEIYIGEQUANQIUZHIXU。ZIBENZHIXUDETEDIANSHIQIKAIFANGXING,ZAIQUEBAOQICAOPANZHEMEIGUODEZHONGJIKONGZHIDEQIANTIXIA,KEYIRONGXUGENGDUODEJINGJITICANYUJINLAIFENXIANGFAZHAN,YUSHIJINGJIDEXIAOLVHUIGENGGAO。ERJIHUAJINGJIZHIXUDETEDIANZESHIQIFENGBIXING,RUGUOTAYUNXUYUWAIBUDERENYIZHENGJINGLIANXI,ZEJIHUAJIANGBUZAIKENENG,CONGERGAIYIZHIXUNANYILINGGENGDUODEGUOJIALAIFENXIANGFAZHAN,JINGJIDEXIAOLVJIAOWEIDIXIA。QIANSULIANDEQUANQIUZHIXUMOUHUAZUIZHONGSHIBAILE,DANKEYISHUOZHEIBUSHIMEIGUOJIBAILESULIAN,ERSHISULIANDAKUALEZIJI。

侠客棋牌LENGZHANJIESHUZHIHOU,ZIBENZHIXUZOUXIANGLETADEPUBIANXINGYUANZE,FUGAILEQUANQIU,SHIFENGXINXIJISHUGEMINGDECHUXIAN,YUSHIQUANQIUHUAYIQIANSUOWEIYOUDESUDUZHANKAILE。FEIZHOUZHIXUBEITONGSHEZAIZHEIYANGYIGEBEIJINGZHIXIA,KAISHILEQIJIANNANDEFAZHAN。DUIYUQIANQUEZIJIN、JISHU、JIJIANDENGDENGGEXIANGFAZHANTIAOJIANDEFEIZHOUGUOJIAERYAN,DANGXIADEFAZHANTUJINGHENYOUKENENGZHINENGCONGCHUSHOUZIYUANQIBU,YICILAIHUANQUWAIHUI,BINGJINERHUANQUJINYIBUFAZHANSUOXUDEGEZHONGYAOSU。RANER,ZAIFEIZHOUYIBUZAILIANGJIZHENGBAGEJUXIAZUOWEIBEILALONGDUIXIANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,QIWAIMAOTIAOJIANJIWEIBULI。FEIZHOUDEKUANGCHANYIJINONGLINCHANPINDECHUKOU,XUYAONARUGUOJIDAZONGSHANGPINDEDINGJIATIXIDANGZHONG。GUOJIDAZONGSHANGPINDEJIAGEJIBENSHANGZAINIUYUE、ZHIJIAGE、LUNDUNDENGJIDAQIHUOJIAOYISUOBEIQUEDINGXIALAI,ZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANGLAISHUO,TABINGBUSHIYOUSHICHANGLAIJUEDINGDE,ERSHIYOUDAZIBENJUEDINGDE。ZHIYAOYOUZUGOUDEZIBENLAIYUNZUO,NENGGOUDUNDEZHUHUO,JIAGEBIANBEICAONONGYUGUZHANGZHIJIAN。YOUYUNENGGOUDIAODONGRUCIGUIMOZIBENDEDAGONGSISHUMUHENYOUXIAN,YUSHI,GUATOULONGDUANDEDINGJIAJIZHIBIANKEXINGCHENG。ZHEISHIZIBENZHIXUDEYIGEZIRANJIEGUO,KEBUZUOLUNLIPINGJIA,BUGUOZHEIHAOWUYIWENSHIFEIZHOUGUOJIADEFAZHANSHOUDAOLEHENDADEZHIYUE。

中国崛起与非洲的新机会

FEIZHOUDEERYUANJINGJIJIEGOU,GENGZHUANHUAWEIERYUANSHEHUIJIEGOU。YOUYUHEIFEIZHOUGUOJIANONGYEZHENGCEDESHIBAI,YIJILIANNIANDEZHANLUAN,DALIANGRENKOUCONGNEIDINONGCUNYONGRUSHAOSHUJIGEDACHENGSHI,YIZHIFEIZHOUDECHENGSHIHUALVCHAOGUOLE40%。RANER,CHENGSHIZHONGBINGWUXIANGYINGDECHANYEZHICHENGRUCIPANGDADERENQUN,GUODU“CHENGSHIHUA”DEHOUGUOBIANSHIFEIZHOUDABUFENCHENGSHIZHONGJUNYOU90%YISHANGDERENKOUWUZHENGSHIGONGZUO,YILINJIEJIAOMAIDENGLINGGONGFANGSHIMIANQIANGDURI,YUESHOURUJINGOUHUKOU。XUDUOCHENGSHIRENKOUSHENZHIYEYAOZHONGDIYIHUOQULIANGSHI。DANSHI,YOUYUCHENGLIBIJINGTIGONGLEGENGWEIRENAODESHENGHUO,TAMENBINGBUYUANYIHUIDAOXIANGXIA。ZHEIGEPANGDADERENQUNSHIQIANZAIDEDONGDANGYUAN,GOUCHENGLEHEIFEIZHOUGUOJIABIXUJIEJUEDEWENTI。ZAIHEIFEIZHOUDENONGCUN,YOUYUJICHUSHESHIBUZU、XIAOSHOUTIXIWEIXINGCHENG,CHULESHAOSHUDIFANG,DABUFENRENGRANCHUZAIZIJIZIZUXINGNONGYEZHUANGTAIZHIZHONG。YINWEIZIRANWUCHANFENGFU,ZHEIXIERENHAIBUZHIYUAIE,DANSHIYEJINCHUZAIWEISHENGSHUIZHUN,PINKUNFASHENGLVHENGAO。ZAIHEIFEIZHOU,CHULEJIGEBIEGUOJIAZHIWAI,GUOJIARENTONGRENGBUJIBUZURENTONG,ZHEISHIGUOJIADONGDANGFENLIEZHIYUAN,ERJICHUSHESHIDELUOHOUSHIDEGUOJIADEWULITONGYINANYISHIXIAN,ZHEIDAILAIGENGDUOWENTI。

侠客棋牌YAOJIEJUEZHEIXIEWENTI,XUYAOZAICHENGSHILITIGONGZUGOUDUODEJIUYEJIHUI,BUYIDINGYAORANGDUOSHURENDOUYOUZHENGSHIGONGZUO,ZHIYAONENGJIDAJIAYIHAODEYUQI,BIANKEYOUXIAOXIAOCHUDONGDANGWEIXIAN;XUYAOWEIFEIZHOUDEXIANGCUNNONGCHANPINTIGONGGUANGDASHICHANG,YIBIANJIEJUENONGCUNDEPINKUNWENTI;XUYAODAGUIMOJIANSHEJICHUSHESHI,YIBIANBANGZHUNONGCHANPIN、NEIDIDEGONGKUANGCHANPINNENGGOUGENGYOUXIAODIYUNCHUQU,YIJISHIXIANGUOJIADEWULITONGYI;ERYAOSHIXIANZHEIXIE,YOUXUYAODALIANGDEZIBENTOURU,YIJIXUYAOZAIYIGEJIAODUANDESHIQINEIXUNSUGAIZAOYIGESHEHUIDEJINGYANYUXIANGXIANGLI。ZHEIXIE,QIAQIADOUSHIZHONGGUONENGGOUTIGONGDE。ZHONGGUOYUFEIZHOUYINCIYOUZHEDALIANGDELIYIQIHEDIAN。

侠客棋牌1978NIANKAISHIDEGAIGEKAIFANG,SHIDEZHONGGUOFANGQILEFENGBIXINGDEJIHUAJINGJI,ZAIDUIQUANQIUZIBENZHIXUDECANYUDANGZHONG,ZHUJIANXINALEXIFANGSHIJIEDECHANYEZHUANYI,JUEQIWEISHIJIEGONGCHANG。ZHONGGUOZAIJINGJISHANGDEJUEQISHISHIJIELISHISHANGQIANSUOWEIYOUDEYIZHONGXIANXIANG,QIDUTEXINGJIUZAIYUZHONGGUODEGUIMO。RENLEILISHISHANGCONGWEIYOUGUONAGEJUYOURUCIPANGDADERENKOUYUJINGJIGUIMODEGUOJIAZAIDUANDUAN30NIANDESHIJIANLIXUNSUJUEQI。YOUYUZHONGGUODETILIANG,TAGOUCHENGLEYIGESHIJIEXINGDEYUANCAILIAOXINAZHEYUYIGESHIJIEXINGDEZHICHENGPINSHUCHUZHE。

侠客棋牌ZHONGGUODUIYUGONGKUANGYEYUANCAILIAOYUNONGCHANPINDEJUDAXUQIU,GANGHAOKEYIWEIFEIZHOUTIGONGJIXUDEGUANGKUOSHICHANG,BANGZHUXIANGCUNTUOKUN。ZHONGGUOZAIJICHUSHESHIJIANSHESHANGYOUZHEDANGJINSHIJIEZUIYOUXIAOLVDEJIANSHEDUIWU,ERZAIFEIZHOUDAGUIMOJIANSHEJICHUSHESHI,HUILADONGXIANGDANGDUODEXIANGGUANDIDUANZHIZAOYEDEQIDONG,ZHONGGUOXIANZAIZHENGYOUDALIANGGUOSHENGDEDIDUANZHIZAOYECHANNENGXUYAOZHUANYI,YEZHIYOUZHONGGUOYOUCIZHONGKEGONGZHUANYIDEDIDUANZHIZAOYE,ZHEIJIXIANGBINGJIN,KEYIWEIFEIZHOUDECHENGSHITIGONGXIANGDANGDUODEJIUYEJIHUI。JICHUSHESHIDEWANSHAN,YIJINONGCHANPINDECHONGFENSHICHANGHUA,JIANGSHIDEFEIZHOUDELIANGSHIFENPEIJIZHIHUODEJIDAGAISHAN,HUAJIEQIKENENGCHUXIANDEJIHUANGWENTI,BINGTIGAOXIANGCUNRENKOUDESHENGHUOSHUIZHUN。ZHONGGUOGUONEIDEZIBENKAISHIGUOSHENG,XUYAOSHUCHU,ZHEIQIASHIFEIZHOUSUOJIXUDE,QIYUFEIZHOUFENGFUDEZIYUANCUNLIANGZHIZIBENHUAXIANGBINGXING,DUIZHONGFEISHUANGFANGDOUHUIYOUJUDAYICHU。CIWAI,ZHONGGUOHAIYOUZAIDUANSHIQINEISHIXIANXUNSUFAZHANDEJINGYAN。SUOYOUZHEIXIEJIAZAIYIQI,SHIDEZHONGGUOYUFEIZHOUGOUCHENGLEXIANGHUXUYAODEZHONGYAOHUOBAN。

QIANSHUBUGUOSHICONGZHONGFEISHUANGBIANDEJIAODUKANWENTI。RUGUONARUQUANQIUSHIYEDEHUA,WOMENHAIHUIKANDAOGENGYOUYISIDEDONGXI。

侠客棋牌ZHONGGUODEJUEQIMIANLINHESHIDAIZHEIYANGYIGEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEHUANJING。CIQIANDEGUOJIGUANXISHISHANG,DAGUOZHIJIANTONGGUOZHANZHENGDENGSHOUDUANLAISHIXIANGUOJIZHIXUYUQUANLIFENPEIGEJUZHIJIANDEPIPEI,BINGYICILAISHIXIANDUIYUSHILIFANWEIDEHUAFEN,XINGCHENGDUIYUXIAOGUOHUOSHANGWEIJIARUGUOJIFAZHIXUZHIDIQUDEKONGZHI。GUOJIZHIXUDEBIANQIANJIBENSHANGDOUSHITONGGUODAGUOZHANZHENGLAIWANCHENGDE。DANSHISUIZHEHESHIDAIDEDAOLAI,DAGUOJIANDEZHANZHENGBUZAICHENGQIWEIKENENG,ZHANZHENGZHIFASHENGZAIDAGUOYUXIAOGUOZHIJIAN,HUOSHIZUOWEIDAGUODAILIRENDEXIAOGUOYUXIAOGUOZHIJIAN。ZHEIZHONGZHANZHENGBUHUIDAILAIGUOJIZHIXUDEBIANQIAN。YINCI,DAGUODUIYUXIAOGUODEKONGZHI,DUIYUSHILIFANWEIDEHUAFEN,ZHUANHUAWEIYIZHONGCHOUXIANGXINGDEKONGZHI,BINGTONGGUOYITAOGUOJIJIZHILAISHIXIAN,ZHEIYIDIANZAILENGZHANJIESHUHOUBIANDEYOUQIMINGXIAN,LIRUQIANSHUDEZIBENZHIXU。SUOYI,WOMENKEYIYUQI,GUOJIZHIXUDEBIANQIANBUZAISHITONGGUODAGUOJIANDEZHANZHENG,ERSHITONGGUODUIYUXINDEGUOJIJIZHIZHIYICHENGDESHEDINGQUANDEZHENGDUOYUZHUANYILAISHIXIAN。

ZHONGGUODEJUEQI,SHIDEJIUYOUDEGUOJIZHENGZHIJINGJIZHIXUBUZAISHIYINGXINDEGEJU,ZHEIBIANDAILAILEZHONGGUODUIYUXINYICHENGZHISHEDINGDEXUQIU。DANSHIYOUYUZHONGGUOZAIGUOJIYICHENGSHEDINGWENTISHANGDESHENGSHUYUBUZIXIN,WOMENBUZHIDAOGAIRUHEZHUDONGDIBIAODABINGLUOSHIZIJIDELIYI,ZHEIXUYAOSHIJIANYUCHANGSUOLAIXUEXI。FEIZHOUGANGHAOTIGONGLEZHEIYANGYIGECHANGSUO,BINGQIE,FEIZHOUYEXUYAOXIFANGYIWAIDELILIANGLAIGAIBIANGUOJIMAOYIZHIXU,TONGGUOXINYICHENGDESHEDINGLAIGAISHANZIJIDEBULIDIWEI,ZHISHAOSHISHIDEZIJIYOUTAOJIAHAIJIADEKONGJIAN。ZHONGFEIMAOYIDEXUNSUFAZHAN,SHIZHONGGUOYOUZHENGDANGDELIYOUYUXUQIUZAIFEIZHOUFAQIXINDEYICHENGTANPAN。FEIZHOUSHIZHONGGUODEYIGESHANGJIAXUEXICHANGSUO,BINGQIEDUIFANGHENKENENGYEZHENGHUANYINGWOMENYIZHEIZHONGFANGSHIDAOLAI。

侠客棋牌SHEDINGXINYICHENGZHEIYIGONGZUOBUJINJINHUIDAILAIWUZHIXINGDEHOUGUO,DUIZHONGGUOERYAN,TAHAIKENENGDAILAIJINGSHENXINGDETISHENG。

SUIRANJIN30NIANLAIZHONGGUOJINGJIXUNSUFAZHAN,DANSHIJINDAIYILAIDEQURULISHI,ZAIZHONGGUORENDENEIXINSHENCHUDAILAILESHENKEDEBUANQUANGAN。SHENZHIZAIJINTIAN,TAYERENGRANMEIYOUXIAOCHU。“DAGUOJUEQI”DEGAODIAOBUGUOSHIZHEIZHONGBUANQUANGANHUANLEGEMIANJUZHANXIANCHULAIERYI。WUZHILILIANGDEJIJUBINGWEIDAILAIWOMENZAIZHENGZHISHANGDEZUGOUZIXIN,YIZHIYIFANGMIANDUINEIDUIWAIDEZHENGLVEXINGWEISHANGCHANGCHANGJINTUISHIJU,LINGYIFANGMIAN,BUZIXINDENEIXINBEIGUOXIEYUGEZHONGGEYANGXUKUANGDEMINZUZHUYIREQINGZHIZHONGYINZANGQILAI。ZHEIZHONGBEIMIUDEYUANYINZHENGZAIYU,ZHENGZHIBINGBUDANCHUNSHIWUZHIDEJUHE,ERGENGSHIYIZHONGJINGSHENLILIANGDEBIAODA,JINGSHENDEQUESHIBIJIANGDAILAIZHENGZHIDEMIMANG。YAOPOJIEZHEIYINANTI,GUANJIANZAIYUZHAODAOWOMENDEJINGSHENZHIDIAN,ZHONGHUAMINZUYECAIKEYISHIXIANZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDEFUXING。

侠客棋牌WOMENZAIFEIZHOUDENULI,KEYIBANGZHUTAHUODEGENGHAODEFAZHANTIAOJIAN,BINGBANGQIZHUBUXIAOJIENEIZAIDEERYUANXING,CONGERSHIXIANNEIBUZHILIDEGAISHAN。RUSHI,ZEJIANGZHONGGUODEFAZHANWAIHUAWEIFEIZHOUDENGBUFADAGUOJIADEFAZHAN,WOMENPANGDADEWUZHILILIANGBIANHUIBEIDAORUYIGEJUYOUPUBIANXINGDESHIJIEZHIXUDEGUIDAO,ZHAODAOQIQIAQIEDECHUKOUYUYONGTU,CONGERYEJIYUQITAGUOJIAYIANQUANGAN。ZHEIYANG,ZHONGGUODEJUEQITONGGUOYIGEZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEDEGUOCHENGZHANKAI,DANTAZUIZHONGBIDINGHUIZHANFANGWEIYIZHONGSHENCENGDEZHENGZHIZHEXUE,QUELIQIZHONGHUAFUXINGDEJINGSHENZHIDIAN,SHIWOMENHUODEJINGSHENSHANGDEBAOMANYUZHENGZHISHANGZHONGJIDEZIXIN。

侠客棋牌ZHEIYIGUOCHENGJIANGHUIBIAODACHUZHONGGUOJUEQIDESHIJIELISHIYIYI,NEIJIUSHI,ZHONGGUODEFAZHANBIANYIWEIZHESHIJIEDEFAZHAN,SHIJIEDEWENTIFANGUOLAIBEINEIHUAWEIZHONGGUODEWENTI。(BENWENDEZHUDUOSILUSHENSHOUYUXIANGDONGXIANSHENGDEQIFA,ZAICIBIAOSHIGANXIE。)

侠客棋牌(ZUOZHEDANWEI:WAIJIAOXUEYUANWAIJIAOXUEXI)