[导读]2018年6月27日晚,文化纵横“一期一会”主题沙龙在三联韬奋书店举办,本次活动由《文化纵横》杂志社联合南都观察主办,修远基金会,南都公益基金会支持。此次沙龙邀请了财讯传媒集团(SEEC)首席战略官段永朝先生,以“区块链重塑世界’”为题,从“什么是区块链”、“区块链的作用与影响”到“区块链的未来”进行了深入浅出地解读。本次活动同时采用网络直播的形式实时分享,参与人数众多,仅预报名人数即达300余人,现场气氛热烈,不仅有《文化纵横》的忠实读者,也有关注新技术领域的各行业人士。

 

近年来,区块链成了妇孺皆知的名词,而它给世界带来的冲击远远超乎人们的想象,甚至比20年前的互联网革命强烈一千倍。上至政府首脑、央行行长,下到企业家、创客,甚至每一个年轻人,都绕不开区块链。那么,什么是区块链?区块链又会对现实世界产生何种影响?

 

什么是区块链?

DUANYONGCHAOQUFENLELIANGLEIQUKUAILIAN——XIAYIDEHEGUANGYIDE。SHENMESHIXIAYIDEQUKUAILIAN?YIGESHUJUKUAIJIUHAOBIYIJIEHUOCHECHEXIANG,QUKUAILIANJIUHAOBIANZHAOSHIJIANSHUNXUJIANGSHUJUKUAIYIJIEYIJIEGUAQILAIZUCHENGLIANTIAOZHUANGDEHUOCHE,TAYIMIMAXUEFANGSHIBAOZHENGSHUJUDEBUKECUANGAI、BUKEWEIZAOHECUNCHUANQUAN。

GUANGYIDEQUKUAILIANZEKEYONG“GONGSHISUANFA”LAIJIEDING。CHUANTONGDEZHANGHUSHIYOUZHUANYEDEHUIJISHILAICHULI,SHIYONGDESHIJINGDIANDEFUSHIJIZHANGFA。QUKUAILIANZEYONGSHUZIHUADEFANGSHILAI“JIZHANG+RENZHANG”,BAZHANGBUHUAFENCHENGYIGEYOUYIGESUIPIAN,MEIYIGESUIPIANJIAOYIGEQUKUAI。MEIYIGEQUKUAILIANJILUZHEZHANGMUJIAOYIDEWANGLAI。BUGUOQUKUAILIANYOUSANDIANTESHUZHICHU:

DIYI,ZHEIGEZHANGBUBUSHICUNCHUZAINIJIAJUZILI,ERSHICUNZAIYIGE“BUZHIDAOSHENMEDIFANG”DEDIFANG,JIAOFENBUSHICUNCHU。

侠客棋牌DIER,ZHEIGEZHANGBUBUSHIHUIJISHIJIZHANG,ERSHICANYUDAOQUKUAILIANDEZHENGGESHEQUNZHONG,SUOYOUDERENYIQILAIJI。

DISAN,CHUANTONGZHANGBUKENENGZHIBAOKUONIDEJINHUO、XIAOHUO,ZHIHENIYOUGUAN,DANQUKUAILIANDEZHANGMUBAOHANLECANYUQUKUAILIANSHEQUNDESUOYOURENDESUOYOUZHANGHU。

QUKUAILIANLEISIYUWEIXINQUN,RUQUNZHEDEJINGJIHUODONGDOUHUIBEIJILUXIALAI,MEIGERENDOUYOUQUANLIYUEDUZHEIXIEJILU,MEIGERENDOUSHIHUIJISHI。QUKUAILIANDAPOLEGUOQUZHANGHUZHISHIGERENZHIJIAN“SIMI”ZHEIYANGYIGEXIAAIDEGUANNIAN。

JIEZHE,DUANYONGCHAOXIANSHENGJIESHILEQUKUAILIANDESANZHONGYIYI。

 

区块链奠定了人类合作的技术基础

SHOUXIAN,QUKUAILIANWEIYIGERENLEIXIANGHUXINRENYUJIJIHEZUODEWUTUOBANGDIANDINGLEJISHUJICHU。DUANYONGCHAOTIDAOLESANXIANGZHONGYAOYANJIU:

MIXIEGENDAXUEDELUOBOTE·AKESAILUOZAI《HEZUODEJINHUA》YISHUZHONGPAOCHUWENTI:HUOLIDEZUIJIACELVEYIRANSHIRUOROUQIANGSHI,DANSHINENGBUNENGZAIZISIDEGETIZHIJIANDACHENGHEZUONI?

NUOWAKEZAI《CHAOJIHEZUOZHE》JIYULEHUIYING。TAYANJIUWUZHONGDEQUNTIXINGWEI,YANJIUWUZHONGHEWUZHONGBICIZHIJIANDEHUHUIXINGWEI。TAFAXIANNAOYANGYANGHEHUXIANGSHUMAO,SHISHANGBAIWANNIANSHENGWUYANHUAGUOCHENGZHONGYICUNXIALAIFEICHANGZHONGYAODEXINSHEHUIXINGWEI。

NIUYUEDAXUEZHANMUSI·KASIZERENWEI,RENLEISHEHUIYANJINGUOCHENGZHONGDEGEZHONGBOYIKEYIFENCHENGLIANGLEI:YILEISHIYOUXIANDE,BIYOUZHONGJIE,BIYOUSHUYING;YILEISHIWUXIANDE,MEIYOUZHONGJIE,BIRUMUZIZHIJIANDEHUDONG,BIXUXINRENHEHUHUICAINENGYOUHEXIEGONGYINGDEZHANGJIUGUANXI。

QIJINWEIZHI,RENLEIHEZUODEYUANZEDOUMEIYOUCHAOYUEZHOUXINSHIDAIDEJINGUIZE——“JISUOBUYU,WUSHIYUREN”。QUKUAILIANZHENGSHIJIANLIZAIZHEIYIJIAZHIJICHUZHISHANG,RANGSHIJIEZHONGXINQIDONG。

 

区块链节省了“讨价还价”的交易成本

QICI,QUKUAILIANYOUZHUYUJIESHENG“TAOJIAHAIJIA”DEJIAOYICHENGBEN,CUJINJINGJIDEFANRONG。QUKUAILIANNENGZHENZHENGDIGAIBIANXINRENJIZHI——MOSHENGRENZAIHULIANWANGSHANGNENGBUNENGYICIDACHENGXINREN?DUANYONGCHAORENWEIZHEISHIKENENGDE。YINWEIGUOQUSHIYIZHONGXIANSHENGCHAN、ZAIXIAOFEI、HOUFUFEIDEFANGSHI。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGTEBIEZHUIQIU“TONGYI”,GUERDIYUECHENGBENHELVYUECHENGBENDOUJUGAOBUXIA。ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIYUANZIYUDUIQUEDINGXINGDEZHIZHE。ERQUKUAILIANZEPOCHULEZHEIZHONGZHIZHE,TASHIYIZHONGCAIFUSHENGCHAN、FENPEIYUXIAOFEITONGSHIBINGFADEMOSHI。

GAODUBUQUEDINGXINGZHUIQIUDEBUSHI“TONGYI”,SHI“HUIYI”。QUKUAILIANBACAIFUDESHENGCHANHECAIFUDEFENPEIPINGHENGDIFANGZAIYIGEJUDADEZHANGBENZHONG。ZHEIGEJUDADEZHANGBENDUISUOYOUCANYUQUKUAILIANDERENDOUSHIGONGKAITOUMINGDE,TONGSHIYOUSHIJIAMIBAOHUYINSIDE,SUOYICAIFUDESHENGCHANHEFENPEITONGSHIJINXING。QUKUAILIANHUIQUXIAOCHUANTONGZHANGBEN,RANGGUANGYIZHANGBENCUJINMEIGERENDESHENDULIANJIE。

 

区块链建立“知足社会”

ZUIHOU,QUKUAILIANYOUZHUYUJIANLIYIGE“ZHIZUSHEHUI”。DUANYONGCHAOYINYONGLEWEINAZAI1950NIANCHUBANDEYIGEXIAOCEZI《RENYOURENDEYONGCHU:KONGZHILUNYUSHEHUI》ZHONG,ZHUANSHUYINGGUO19SHIJISHIRENHEERMOSIDEYISHOUZHANGSHI“SHENQIDEDANMACHE”ZHONGDEGUANDIAN:ZHENZHENGHAODEMACHE,SHIZHEIGEMACHEHUAIDIAODESHIHOU,SUOYOUDELINGJIANDOUTONGSHIHUAIDIAO。YIGELUNZISHIYONGSHOUMINGJIANGJINSHI,CHELUNZHOUYEBUXINGLE。ZHEIJIUSHISUOWEIDE“QIADANGSHEJI”——BINGBUSHISHUOMEIYIGEHUANJIEDOUYAOSHEJIDEHENBANG,ERSHISUOYOUSHEJIDEPIPEIDUJIJIA。

侠客棋牌QUKUAILIANRANGZHEIGESHEHUIBUZAIZHUIQIUGDP、ZHUIQIUDANBIANJINGJIZENGZHANG,ERSHIZHUIQIU“GANGGANGHAO”,YEJIUSHIDADAOMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHIJIUNENGSHUO“GOULE”。ZAIZHEIYANGYIGEZHIDAO“ZUGOU”DESHEHUI,RENDECHUANGZAOLICAINENGDEDAOWUQIONGDESHIFANG,CAINENGJINRUDAOYISHUDE、CHUANGXINDEFENWEI。YEJIUSHISHUO,QUKUAILIANRANGMEIYIGERENDACHENGZIJIDETIANMISANJIAO——SUONENG、SUOYUANHESUOWEIZHIJIANSHIXIANLIANGHAOPIPEI,BUZAIYOUSUOYUANFEISUOWEI、SUONENGFEISUOYUANHUOZHESUOZUOFEISUONENGDEYIHAN,ERSHIJINKUAIDIJINRUDAOSHENGMINGHESHENGMINGGONGSHENGYANHUADEJUDAWANGLUOZHIZHONG,TANRANDIJIESHOUSHENGMINGNENGLIANGDEXIANGHUZHICHENG、LIUDONG,TANRANDIYONGZIJIDESHENGMINGYIYUANQUJIECHUSUOYOUDESHENGMINGYIYUAN。

QUKUAILIANJIUSHIJIANGMEIYIGERENNEIXINSHENCHUDETIANMISANJIAOYONGJIANSHIDESUANFALUOJIJISHUZHICHENG、LIANJIEQILAI。MEIYIGERENDOUKEYIQIADANGDIZAIJIAZHIJIAOLIU、HUHUAN、LIUDONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANGSHOUDAOJIAZHICHUANGZAODEDANGXIAKUAILE。

 

区块链的技术远景

ZAIDUANYONGCHAODEYANJIANGJIESHUHOU,《WENHUAZONGHENG》ZAZHISHESHEZHANGYANGPINGXIANSHENGJINXINGLEDIANPING。TARENWEIDUANYONGCHAOLAOSHIYISHENRUQIANCHU、GAODUNINGLIANDEFANGSHIZONGJIELEQUKUAILIANDEJIBENGOUCHENG,YOUQUANMIANJIEXILEQUKUAILIANJISHUDUIDANGQIANSHIJIEDESHENCENGYINGXIANG,SHIZIJITINGGUODEZUIQINGXIMINGLEDEYICIQUKUAILIANJIANGZUO。TADUIDUANYONGCHAOSUOYAN“QUKUAILIANJIANGSUZAOZHIZUSHEHUI”DEYUANJINGBIAOSHISHIFENQIDAI。

BUGUOYANGPINGXIANSHENGZHICHU,ZUOWEIJISHUJICHUDEQUKUAILIANSHIJISHANGHUISENANDONG,QUENENGZAIDUANSHIJIANNEICHENGWEIFENGKOUREDIAN。ZHEIBEIHOUQIAQIABUSHIYOUJISHUBENSHENJUEDINGDE,ERYOUZHEFUZADEZHENGZHIJINGJIYUANYIN,SHICHUYUGEZHONGZIBENLILIANGNAIZHIQUANLIGUANXIDETUIBOZHULAN。YANGZHANGJISHUDANXIANYANJINYIZHIYUEZIBEN、QUANLIDELILIANG,CONGERTUIDONGRENLEISHEHUIJINBU,BINGBUXIANSHI。

 

SUIHOUDEXIANCHANGHUDONGHUANJIEZHONG,DUANYONGCHAOJIUDUZHETICHUDEWENTIYIYIZUOCHUHUIYING。

YOUWEITINGZHONGRENWEIQUZHONGXINHUADEXITONGYUANBURUZHONGXINHUADEXITONGXIAOLVGAO,DUANYONGCHAOHUIYINGSHUO:ZHUIQIUGAOXIAOLVSHIJISHANGSHIGONGYEZHUYIDETONGYONGDULIANGHENG,YOUXIEWENTIDEJIEJUEBINGBUYIDINGYAOYILAIXIAOLV。

YOUWEITINGZHONGRENWEIQUKUAILIANNENGJIEJUEDASHUJUSHIDAIDESHUJUCHANQUANWENTI,XIANGQINGJIAODUANLAOSHIDUI“LIANQUAN”ZUIXIANLUODILINGYUDEKANFA。DUANYONGCHAOHUIYINGSHUO:WOYUANYIDUHEYABAODEDIFANGSHIZAIWUXINGZICHANQUEQUANDELINGYU,QUKUAILIANKENENGZUIXIANLUODIKAIHUA。

YOUDUZHEDUIYUQUZHONGXINHUAHEJIQUANTIZHIDEGUANXIGANXINGQU,DUANYONGCHAOHUIYINGSHUO:“ZHONGXINHUA”HE“QUZHONGXINHUA”ZHEILIANGGEGUODUJIANHUADEMINGCITAIRONGYIRANGRENWUJIEQUKUAILIAN。QUKUAILIANSHIYIZHONGSHENGTAIXITONG,XIANGDAHAIDEBOTAOYIYANG,MEIFASHUONAGEHAILANGSHIBOFENG、NAGEHAILANGSHIBOGU。SUOWEIZHONGXIN(BOFENG),QIAQIASHILIUDONGDE。

侠客棋牌CIWAIJIU“RUHEHUANJIEQIANGSHIJISHUDAILAIDEJIAZHIGUANGUOXIE”、“JISUANJIZHUANYEDEDAXUESHENGSHIJIJITOUSHENYUQUKUAILIANLINGYU,HAISHIHANGSHICHUANTONGITLINGYUDEJICHU”DENGWENTI,DUANYONGCHAOHEZAICHANGTINGZHONGJINXINGLESHENRUTANTAO。

侠客棋牌ZUIHOU,DUANYONGCHAOGULIDAJIADUIZIJIDELIXINGBAOCHIXINXIN,BUYAOJUEDEQUKUAILIANZHEIYANGJUDADESHIDAIBIANGEYUJIWUGUAN,ERYAOZHAXIAQU、CANYUQIZHONG、SHENRUYANJIU。ZHIZUSHEHUITINGSHANGQUYOUHENDUOWUTUOBANGSECAI,DANSHIJISHUZAIZHAZHASHISHIDIJINBU,SUANFA、YINSIBAOHU、RENGONGZHINENGZAIZHAZHASHISHIDIWEIZHEIGEWUTUOBANGDIZUONINGSHANGGENGDUODELUOSI,ANSHANGGENGDUOZHICHENGDEZHUANGZHU。

ZAICI,YEGANXIEDAOCHANGTINGZHONGMENDEZHICHI,BAOZHENGLEHUODONGDEYUANMANJINXING。