庞大鹏丨中国社科院俄罗斯研究中心

王儒西 (整理)

侠客棋牌【DAODU】2019NIAN2YUE11RI,PUJINGDEZHONGYAOZHINANGSUERKEFUFABIAO《ZHANGJIUDEPUJINGZHIGUO》,JIANGPUJINGDEZHIGUOLINIANYUJUCUOGAIKUOWEI"PUJINGZHUYI"。“PUJINGZHUYI”JIZHONGFANYINGLEELUOSIJINGYINGJIECENGDUIGUOJIAFAZHANZHILUDETANSUO,YIZAIHUIDAELUOSIXUYAOSHENMEYANGDEFAZHANMOSHIHEYUNXINGTIZHI,YIGENGHAODISHIXIANGUOJIAJUEQI。“PUJINGZHUYI”BUJINSHISHIDAIDECHANWU,JUYOUQINGXIDENEIZAILUOJI,ERQIEYUELUOSIDEGUOJIATEZHENGHEELUOSILISHISHANGDEGUOJIAZHILICHUANTONGYIMAIXIANGCHENG。LIJIE“PUJINGZHUYI”,RENSHIELUOSIDEFAZHANDAOLU,SHIYANJIUELUOSIDEQIANTI。2019NIAN4YUE20RI,YOU《WENHUAZONGHENG》ZAZHI、NANDOUGUANCHAZHUBANDE“YIQIYIHUI”SHALONG,YAOQINGLEZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANELUOSIYANJIUZHONGXINZHURENPANGDAPENGYANJIUYUANZUOZHUANTIYANJIANG。XIANCHANGZUOWUXUXI,QIFENRELIE。BENWENXIGENJUJIANGZUONEIRONGZHENGLIERCHENG。

 

分析框架:“三个普京”

 

侠客棋牌“PUJINGZHUYI”LIMIAN,SHIJISHANGYOUSANGEPUJING:JUTIDEPUJING、CHOUXIANGDEPUJINGHEXITONGDEPUJING(ZAIZHENGZHIXITONGZHONGDEPUJING)。“JUTIDEPUJING”SHIZHIPUJINGBENSHENSHIYIGEZHIZHENGZHE,SHIGUOJIZHENGZHIXUEZHONGRENDEYINSU。“CHOUXIANGDEPUJING”SHISHUOPUJINGBENRENDAIBIAODESHIELUOSIGUOJIA,FANYINGDESHIELUOSIDEGUOJIALIYIYUGUOJIATEXING。“XITONGDEPUJING”,JIZAIZHENGZHIXITONGZHONGDEPUJING,ZHIDESHIYIGEZHENGZHIXITONGYOUSHURUHESHUCHUFUZADEGUOCHENG,PUJINGZHISHIZHEIGEXITONGZHONGDEYIGEYAOSU;YIDANPUJINGBENRENDEZHIZHENGLINIANHEJUCUOZAIELUOSIXINGCHENGYIZHONGZHIZHENGMOSHIZHIHOU,PUJINGBENRENHEXITONGFAZHANBENSHENZHIJIANYEXUJIUBUSHIWANQUANYIZHIDE。BIRUCHANGCHANGYOURENSHUOELUOSIXIANZAINENGYUANXINGJINGJIZHEIMEYANZHONG,ELUOSISHENZHIDOUSHISHIJIEJINGJIDEFUYONG,WEISHENMEBUGAIGE?SHISHISHANG,DUIELUOSIFAZHANBIDUANRENSHIHELIJIEZUISHENKEDERENJIUSHIPUJING。PUJINGZAOJIUZHICHU,ELUOSIBUSHIXINGCHUANGXINFAZHANZHANLVE,JIUSHISILUYITIAO。DANSHIPUJINGSHIZAITAYISHOUDAZAODEZHENGZHIXITONGDANGZHONGDE,ZHEIGEXITONGSUOXINGCHENGDEZHILIMOSHIBENSHENRUGUOQUEFADONGLIDEHUA,JIBIANPUJINGBENRENYISHIDAOELUOSIDEWENTI,ZHEIGEXITONGHUIPAICHIBEIRENWEISHIPOHUAIWENDINGDEYINSU。SUOYIPUJINGSHICHUZAIZHEIYANGDEZHENGZHIXITONGZHONGDEPUJING,TASHOUDAOXITONGBENSHENDEZHIYUE。

CONGZHEISANCENGPUJINGCHUFA,SUERKEFUTICHUDE“PUJINGZHUYI”JIUXIANGYINGYOUSANGECENGMIANDEHANYI。DIYIGECENGMIANSHI“JUTIDEPUJING”,JIPUJINGBENRENDEJUCUO。PUJINGBENRENZHIZHENGJIANGJIN20NIAN,TACAIQUDEZHIZHENGJUCUO,TASUOZHANXIANCHULAIDEZHIZHENGLINIANSHIHENCHENGXITONGDE。DIERGECENGMIANSHICONG“CHOUXIANGDEPUJING”ZHEIGEHANYILAIJIANG,PUJINGBENRENSUOZHANXIANCHULAIDEJUCUOHELINIAN,DOUBIAOXIANCHULEELUOSIGUOJIAXINGHEZONGTONGRENGETEZHIDEJIEHE。TONGGUOYANJIUPUJING,TONGGUOYANJIU“PUJINGZHUYI”,WOMENKEYIJIEDUELUOSIWENTIYANJIUDESANGEGUANJIANCI:GUOJIAXING、RENMINXINGHEJUHEXING。DISANGECENGMIAN,CONGZHENGZHIXITONGZHONGDEPUJINGDEJIAODULAIKAN,WOMENSHIJISHANGSHIKANPUJINGMOSHIHEELUOSIFAZHANDAOLUDEQIANJING,ZHEIGEXITONGJIUJINGSHIYIGESHENMEYANGDEXITONG?GENJUWOZIJI DEYANJIUTIHUI,ELUOSIJUBEIYIGEZHENGZHIKONGZHIFEICHANGQIANGDEZHILITIXI,DANSHIZHILIJIXIAOZAIDIJIAN,YOUKENENGZUIHOUHENDUOTIAOZHANSHENZHIWEIJIYUANZIMOSHIBENSHEN。ZHEIYEFUHEELUOSIGUOJIALISHISHANGZHONGBAISHIDEFAZHANGUILV:ELUOSIDELISHIZONGHUIYOUYIGEPAPO、QIANGSHENG、BENGKUI、SHUAIBAI,ZAIQILAIZAIPAPODEGUOCHENG。ZHEISHIELUOSILISHIDEJIANDUANXINGTEDIAN,TAYUELUOSIDEZHILIMOSHISHIJINMIXIANGGUANDE。

 

“普京主义”要解决的基本问题

 

“PUJINGZHUYI”SUOYAOJIEJUEDEJIBENWENTI,QISHIDOUSHILISHISHANGXUANERWEIJUEWENTIZAIDANGDAIQINGJINGZHONGDEYANXU。YIXIASIGEWENTI,DOUSHI“PUJINGZHUYI”YANJIUDEJIBENWENTI,YESHIPUJINGZAIZHEIGESHIDAIYAOHUIDADEHEXINWENTI。

DIYIGEWENTISHIGUOJIAJIANSHE、SHEHUIZHIDUZHEIGECENGMIANDE。SULIANJIETIZHIHOU,ELUOSIJIUJINGYAOSHIXINGSHENMEYANGDESHEHUIZHENGZHIZHIDU?XIFANGNEIZHONGZIBENZHUYIZHIDUMA?HAISHIYAOHUIDAOGUOQU,ZAISHIXINGJIQUANZHIDU?HAISHISHUOCHUANGZAOYITIAOFUHEELUOSIDANGQIANJIEDUANTEDIANHELISHICHUANTONGDEDAOLU、ZHIDUNI?ELUOSILISHISHANGSHIZHONGCHULIBUHAOGUOJIAHESHICHANGDEGUANXI,NEIMESULIANJIETIHOUGUOJIAYINGRUHEDINGWEI?ZAIGUOJIAJINGJISHENGHUOZHONGRUHEFAHUIZUOYONG?JIXUXIANGLISHISHANGYIYANGPIANZHONGJUNSHI,HAISHISHUOYAOBAGUOJIAZHILIDEYOUXIANFANGXIANGJIZHONGTIGAOELUOSIGUONEISHENGHUODEMINZHONGSHUIPING?

侠客棋牌DIERGEWENTI,CONGDIYUANZHENGZHISHANGSHUO,SULIANJIETIZHIHOU,ELUOSIDEXIBUBIANJIESHIJISHANGTUIHUIDAO300NIANQIANBIDEDADIGANGYAOKAISHIKUOZHANGSHIDEBIANJIE。ZHEISHIJIUMIANLINYIGEWENTI:SHIZAICIYAOXIANGLISHISHANGYIYANG,BAHOUSULIANKONGJIANDECHENGYUANGUOZHONGXINYITIHUAJINXINGFAZHANNI?HAISHISHOUZHEXIANYOUDEGUOTUJIANGYUNEI,ANZHAOZHENGCHANGGUOJIADEXINGSHIFAZHAN?ZHEIJIUSHIDIYUANZHENGZHISHANGDEJIBENWENTI。

侠客棋牌DISANGEWENTI,ZAIWENHUAHEYISHIXINGTAISHANG,SULIANJIETIZHIHOU,ELUOSIGUONEIZUIDADEYIGEQUESHI,SHINEIZHONGDAGUORONGYAO、MINZUZIHAOGANDEQUESHI,PUJING2011NIANZAICIHUIGUIKELIMULINGONGDESHIHOU,YITIDAOOUYALIANMENGJIUDEDAOXUANMINDEZHICHI,KEJIANZAIELUOSIMINZHONGZHONG,ZHEIZHONGDAGUORONGYAODEYISHISHIDUOMEQIANGLIE。PUJINGQIANBANIANZHISUOYINENGCHENGGONG,YESHIYINWEITATONGGUOZHILI,HUIFULELAOBAIXINGDUIYUELUOSIDEDAGUORONGYUGAN。NEIME,YIGEFUXINGDEELUOSISHIBUSHIXUYAOYIGETONGYIDESIXIANG?SHIBUSHIXUYAOYIGERANGQUANSHEHUIDOUYAOJIESHOU,BINGQIEKEYIZHIDAOELUOSIFAZHANDESIXIANG?

DISIGEWENTI,CONGGUOJIGUANXISHANGLAIJIANG,ELUOSIBAINIANYILAIMIANLINDEHEXINWENTIJIUSHIELUOSIHEXIFANGDEGUANXIWENTI。ZAIELUOSIDEYISHIZHONG,DONGFANGZONGSHILUOHOUDE,XIFANGSHIXIANJINDE,JINGUANELUOSIWEIJIZHIHOUXIANZAIXIANGDONGKAN,DANSHIZHIYAOOUZHOUHEMEIGUOSHENCHUGANLANZHI,ELUOSIJIUHUIZHUANXIANGXIFANG,ZHUANDAOOUZHOUDEHUAIBAO。NEIME,SHIYAOJIJIRONGRUXIFANGSHIJIE,HAISHIYAOJIANGUDONGXI,SHISHIDAOUYAZHANLVE,CHENGWEIOUYADALUDEQIANGGUO?

 

“普京主义”的特点

 

SUERKEFUZHEIPIANWENZHANGQISHIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGHUIDALEYISHANGZHEIXIEWENTI。XIAMIAN,WOMENTONGGUOSUERKEFUDEWENZHANG《ZHANGJIUDEPUJINGZHIGUO》LAIKANKANJIUJINGELUOSIRENZIJISHIRUHELIJIE“PUJINGZHUYI”DE。

侠客棋牌ZHEIPIANWENZHANGZHISUOYIZHONGYAO,SHIYINWEITADIYICIYIGUANFANGDESHENFENDUIPUJINGGUOQUJIANGJIN20NIANNAIZHIDANGQIANGUOJIXINGSHIXIA,ELUOSICHUZAISHENMEYANGDEGUOJIDIWEIZUOCHULEZIJIDEHUIDA,BINGTICHULE“PUJINGZHUYI”ZHEIGEGAINIAN。WENZHANGHAOBUHUIYANDICHANSHULEPUJINGZHUYIDEXUDUOHEXINNEIRONG,ZHICHU“PUJINGZHUYI”DEBENZHIJIUSHIWAISHENGXING、JUNSHIXING、RENMINXING。SHENMESHIWAISHENGXING?SUERKEFUMINGQUEWUWUDEZHICHU:XIANZAIDEELUOSIZHONGYUBAITUOLESULIANJIETIZHIHOUELUOSIYIZHIFENBENGLIXIDEJINGDIZHONGYUZOUSHANGLEYITIAOHUIDAOLEZISHENHEHUCHANGLIDE、WEIYIKENENGDEZHUANGTAI,JIRIYIQIANGDADE、LINGTUBUDUANKUOZHANGDEDUOMINZUYITIXING。

DIERDIANSHIJUNSHIXING。WENZHANGZHICHU,ELUOSIGUOJIADEJUNSHIJINGCHAZHINENGSHIZUIWEIZHONGYAO、ZUIJUYOUJUEDINGXINGYIYIDEZHINENG。ELUOSICONGLAIDOURENWEIJUNSHIDEZHONGYAOXINGGAOYUJINGJI,GAOYUCONGSHIMAOYIDESHANGREN。

DISANDIANSHIRENMINXING。WENZHANGZHICHU,EGUOLISHISHANGYIGONGCUNZAIGUOSIZHONGGUOJIAXINGSHI,YIZHONGSHIZAI15-17SHIJI,YIFANSANSHISUOJIANLIDEMOSIKEHEQUANEDAGONGGUO,DIERGEGUOJIAXINGSHIJIUSHI18-19SHIJI,BIDEDADIJIANLIDEELUOSIDIGUODEXINGSHI,DISANGEZAI20SHIJI,LIENINGJIANLIDESULIAN,DISIGEJIUSHIPUJINGZAI21SHIJIJIANLIDEDANGDAIELUOSILIANBANGDEGUOJIAXINGSHI。SUERKEFURENWEI,ZAIBUTONGDELISHISHIQI,ELUOSIGUOJIAMOSHISUIRANBIAOXIANBUYI,DANNEIZAIDEBENZHISHIYIYANGDE,ELUOSIGUOJIADELISHIJIEGOUYAOSUSHIYIZHIDE。ZHEISIZHONGGUOJIAXINGSHIDOUSHITUXIANLEYIZHIJIANQIANGLINGDAORENDEZHONGYAOXING,BINGQIEZUIGAOLINGXIUHERENMINZHIJIANSHIYIZHONGTIANRANDEXINRENGUANXI。

 

“普京主义”的基础

 

ZHONGDIANSHUOSHUO“RENMINXING”ZHEIGEGAINIAN。YOU“PUJINGZHUYI”DERENMINXING,JIUYINCHU《ZHANGJIUDEPUJINGZHIGUO》DEHEXINGUANDIAN:“PUJINGZHUYI”JICHUHUOZHEELUOSIZAILISHISHANGGUOJIAJIEGOUDEJICHU,BENZHIJIUSHIYINWEIELUOSIBUSHIYIGESHENANGUOJIA,YINWEIELUOSIYOUSHENCENGRENMIN。ELUOSIDESHENCENGRENMINSHIELUOSIDEZUIGAOLINGXIUTIANRANDEMINYIXINRENJICHU。

SHENANGUOJIA(Deep State)BENYISHISHUOXIFANGSHEHUISHISHENANGUOJIA,MINZHUDOUSHIWAIZAIXINGSHIDOUSHIGONGJUERYI,BENSHENSHIBUTOUMINGDE,JUECEBUTOUMING,ZHENZHENGDEMINZHUGOUTONGCANYUYEBUTOUMING。SUERKEFUFANQIYIERYONGZHI,RENWEIELUOSIBUSHISHENANGUOJIA,YINWEIELUOSIYIQIESHIQINGDOUSHIFANGZAIMINGMIANSHANG,YINWEIELUOSIYOUSHENCENGRENMIN。SHENCENGRENMINZHIDESHI,ZAIELUOSIWULUNSHINAZHONGGUOJIAJIEGOUXINGSHI,ZAIELUOSIRENHEYIGELISHISHIQI,ZONGYOUYIPIZHEIYANGDEREN,ZUODIAOCHAYEDIAOCHABUCHULAI,TONGGUOSHEHUIXUEWENJUANYEDIAOCHABUCHULAI,DANSHIDANGELUOSIGUOJIALISHICHUXIANSHUAIBAIZHUANZHEDESHIHOU,ZHEIPIRENKEYIBAGUOJIALAHUIZHENGQUEDEGUIDAO。ELUOSISHIXINGBAOSHOUZHUYIYEHAO,ZIYOUZHUYIYEHAO,SHEHUIZHUYIYEHAO,ZUIZHONGSHIXINGDOUSHIFUHEELUOSICHUANTONGJIAZHIGUANDEFAZHANDAOLU。ZHEIYANGDEYIPIREN,TAMENKEYISHICAIZHENGYUSUANRENYUAN,SHIGONGWUYUAN,YEKENENGSHIGONGREN,YEKENENGSHINONGMIN,SANBUZAIELUOSIGUONEI,MEIDANGELUOSIYOUWEINANDESHIHOU,JIUHUIYOUZHEIYANGYIQUNSHENCENGDEREN。ZHEIJIUSHIELUOSIDERENMINXING。

侠客棋牌ZHEIYANGDEYIPIRENMINHAIYONGYOUYIGETEDIAN:WUTIAOJIAN、TIANRANXINRENZUIGAOLINGXIU。SUERKEFURENWEIELUOSIYOUYIGECHUANTONG,ZAIELUOSICUNZAIZUIGAOLINGXIUHERENMINZHIJIANZHEIZHONGTIANRANDEXINRENHEGOUTONGGUANXI。ELUOSIDESHEHUIJIEGOU、ZHENGZHIMOSHIDOUSHIWEILEBAZUIGAOLINGXIUHESHENCENGRENMINZHIJIANDEGOUTONGDATONG。XIANZAIWOMENZAIJIANGMINZHUYAOYOUSHEHUIMINYIJICHU,PUJINGHUODEGAOZHICHILVYAOKAOMINYIJICHU,DANSHIRUGUOWOMENSHENKELIJIEZHEIPIANWENZHANGZHIHOU,JIUHUIJINYIBULIJIEZAIZHEIGEJICHUSHANGHAIYOUGENGGAOYICENG,JIUSHISUOWEISHENCENGRENMINHEZUIGAOLINGXIUZHIJIANDETIANRANXINRENGUANXI。

 

“普京主义”的政治意义

 

侠客棋牌DIYIDIAN,“PUJINGZHUYI”SHIZAIELUOSIGUONEIZHENGZHISHENGTAICHUXIANYINYOUDESHIHOUBEIGUANFANGZHENGSHITICHUDE。ZHEIHEQUNIANELUOSIZHENGZHIXINGSHIMIBUKEFEN。QUNIANELUOSIZONGTONGDAXUAN,PUJINGYITOUPIAOLVHEDEPIAOLVLIANGGE70%DANGXUAN,ZHEISHIYIGEMODADEZHENGZHIHEFAXINGLAIYUAN,ZAIXIANZAISHIJIEGEGUOTOUPIAOLVPIANDI、FENFENJINRUERLUNXUANJUDEQINGKUANGXIA,PUJINGYILIANGGE70%DANGXUAN,KAIJUFEICHANGHAO。DANSHIJINJINJINGGUOYIGETUIXIUJINZHIDUGAIGE,PUJINGDAO9YUEFENDIFANGXUANJUZHIHOU,XINRENZHISHUJIUSHIWUQIANLIDIJIANGDIDAO35%ZUOYOU。SUOYISUERKEFUZHEIPIANWENZHANGYOUYINGDUIELUOSIGUONEIJUSHIYANJUNDEKAOLV,XIANGJINYIBUZHENFENMINQING,BANGZHUPUJINGYANLANMINYI。

侠客棋牌DIERDIAN,JINTIANDEELUOSIYOUYIGE“2024WENTI”,2024NIANZHEIYIRENZONGTONGRENQIJIESHUHOU,PUJINGZENMEBAN,ELUOSIXIANGHECHUQU?“PUJINGZHUYI”DETICHUSHIJISHANGANSHIELUOSIJIANGJINRU“MEIYOUPUJINGDEPUJING”SHIDAI。PUJINGDEZHILIMOSHIHEELUOSILISHISHANGDEGUOJIAMOSHINEIHEXINGSHIWANQUANYIZHI,PUJINGBENRENBUZAI,“PUJINGZHUYI”YEHUIYANXU。ZHEIJIUSHIELUOSIDEBAINIANSHENGCUNFAZHANMOSHI。

DISANDIAN,《ZHANGJIUDEPUJINGZHIGUO》ZHEIPIANWENZHANGJIANGDESHIELUOSIDENEIZHENG,SUERKEFUHAIZAI2018NIANFABIAOGUOYIPIANTEBIEZHONGYAODEWENZHANG,JIAO《HUNXUEZHEDEGUDU》,JIANGDESHIELUOSIDEWAIJIAO。RENWEIWUKELANWEIJIHOU,ELUOSIJINRULE2014+SHIDAI,ELUOSIYIHOUJIBUZUODONGFANGDEXIBU,YEBUZUOXIFANGDEDONGBU,ELUOSIJIUSHIYIZHONGDUTEDEWENMING。SUERKEFUZHEILIANGPIANWENZHANG,ANSHILEELUOSIYEYAOZUOWEIYIZHONGWENMINGXINGGUOJIA,YAOLIYUOUYADALUZHONGXINDIWEI,BUYAOZUOZHONGXINDEBIANYUANZHEIYANGDESIXIANG。

《ZHANGJIUDEPUJINGZHIGUO》HUIDALE“PUJINGZHUYI”SHISHENMEHEWEISHENMEHUIYOU“PUJINGZHUYI”(YINWEIPUJINGDEZHEIZHONGZHIZHENGLINIANHEMOSHI,SHIHEELUOSIYIYIGUANZHIDEELUOSIGUOJIATEXINGSHIWENHEDE),DANSHIYOUYIWUYIDIMEIFENXI“PUJINGZHUYI”XIANZAIZHENGZHIJIXIAOZENMEYANG,ZHISHIFANFANDITANDAO“PUJINGZHUYI”MOSHI,ZHEIYESHIHEPUJINGXIANZAIMIANLINDEKUNJINGYOUGUAN,ELUOSIXIANZAIJINGJIXIAHUA,WAIJIAOMIANLINGUOJIZHICAI。

 

“普京主义”的前景

 

侠客棋牌PUJINGZHIZHENGJINERSHINIAN,ELUOSICONG“QUANPANXIHUA”XIANGELUOSICHUANTONGHUIGUI。ZAIJICHENGYELIQINGAIGECHENGGUODETONGSHI,PUJINGQIANGDIAOZAIELUOSILISHI、WENHUAHEJINGSHENDEJICHUSHANGBAOCHIELUOSITESEBINGSHIXIANGUOJIAXIANDAIHUA。

侠客棋牌“PUJINGZHUYI”BUJINSHISHIDAIDECHANWU,JUYOUQINGXIDENEIZAILUOJI,ERQIEYUELUOSIDEGUOJIATEZHENGHEELUOSILISHISHANGDEGUOJIAZHILICHUANTONGYIMAIXIANGCHENG,QINEIHANKEYIGAIKUOWEIELUOSIZHENGZHIDEKONGZHIXING、ELUOSIJINGJIDEZHENGZHIXINGHEELUOSIWAIJIAODEWAIYANXING。

侠客棋牌SHANGMIANTANGUOLEELUOSIYUJINGXIADE“PUJINGZHUYI”。ERXIFANGGUOJIADUI“PUJINGZHUYI”DELIJIEZHUYAOBAOKUOSANDIAN:YISHIFANXIFANGZHUYI;ERSHIDIGUOSIWEI;SANSHIJIQUANTIZHI。XIFANGYUELUOSIDUI“PUJINGZHUYI”DEPINGJIABUJINXIANGTONG,ZHEIYUSHUANGFANGZAIELUOSIFAZHANDAOLU、ZHANLVEPINGHENGWENTI、DIYUANZHENGZHIDENGWENTISHANGDELIYIYUKANFABUTONGMIQIEXIANGGUAN。

ZONGQILAIKAN,PUJINGZHIZHENGYILAI,ELUOSIJIXUJIANCHIXIANZHENGMINZHUDEZHENGZHIZHIDUHESHICHANGJINGJIDEJINGJIZHIDU,SUIRANSHIBUWANSHANDE,DANTONGSHIYESHIBUKEYIZHUANDE。YUCITONGSHI,ELUOSIMIANLINYANZHONGDEKUNNANHEQIANZAIDEWEIJI,CONGJINGJIJIEGOU、GUANLIXIAOLV、JISHUZHUANGBEI、FUBAIZHILIDENGZHIBIAOLAIKAN,MEIYOUHAOZHUAN,FANERZAIEHUA。

ELUOSIMUQIANDETIZHIMOSHIZONGQILAIKANWEICHIWENDINGYOUYU,CUJINFAZHANBUZU。WENDINGSHIJICHU,DANZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDEZHANGQIWENDINGJIANLIZAIFAZHANDEJICHUSHANG。WEILAIXIANGDANGZHANGDEYIGESHIQINEI,PUJINGYIRANMIANLINGUONEIWENTIDESANDATIAOZHAN。YISHIRUHEBAZHENGZHIWENDINGYUZHENGZHIXIANDAIHUAJIEHEQILAI,JINENGZENGQIANGZHENGZHIHUOLIYOUNENGQUEBAOZHENGZHIKONGZHI,ERSHIRUHEDIAOZHENGJINGJIJIEGOUHEJINGJIFAZHANMOSHIBIMIANJINGJISHUAITUI,SANSHIRUHEYINGDUIELUOSIYUWAIBUSHIJIEDEBIANHUAYISHIXIANDAGUOJUEQIDEOUYAZHANLVE。ZAIDANGQIANDEGUONEIWAIXINGSHIFAZHANDEBEIJINGXIA,ELUOSIXIANGHECHUQURENGRANSHIZHIDEGUANZHUHEYANJIUDEZHONGDAZHANLVEWENTI。