侠客棋牌 李云雷丨中国艺术研究院

【导读】本文观察了当前官场小说与改革文学、17年文学和晚清谴责小说的关系。作者认为,在10年视野中,官场小说内部有一个从现实主义到实用主义的变化;在30年视野中,从“改革文学”到“官场小说”,有一个从思想之争到力量博弈的变化;在60年视野中,“十七年文学”开创了思想之争模式,更具理想性、人民性与纯洁性;在100年视野中,“官场小说”与晚清的“谴责小说”最为相似,但最大的不同在于,前者对现实秩序的态度已由“谴责”变为“认同”。总之,当前的官场小说失掉了批判精神,更多具有实用主义的指导意味。它的价值或许在于,让那些隐秘的“政治无意识”显影,为我们提供了一种时代精神症候的镜像。

 

侠客棋牌1990NIANDAIYILAI,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”POWEIXINGSHENG,ZAISHEHUISHANGYINQILEGUANGFANDEYINGXIANG,DANZAIWENXUEJIEQUEHENSHAOBEINARUYANJIUDESHIYE,JIUQIYUANYIN,KENENGZAIYULIANGDIAN:YISHIRENWEI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”SHI“TONGSUXIAOSHUO”,HEN“SU”,CONGZHUANYEJIAODULAISHUOBUZHIDERENZHENDUIDAI;ERSHI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”SHEJIYIXIENEIMUYUQUANLIBOYI,BUSHAORENHUIJUEDEHEN“ZANG”,BUYUANYIQUCHUPENGZHEIYIHUATI。BUGUOZAIBIZHEKANLAI,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZUOWEIYIGEYANJIUDUIXIANGDEJIAZHIZAIYU,TAWEIWOMENTIGONGLEYIGEKAOCHADANGDAISHEHUIDECHUANGKOU,WOMENKEYICONGZHONGKANDAODANGDAISHEHUIYUNXINGDEGUIZEYU“QIANGUIZE”,ZHONGGUOZHENGZHIWENHUAHEZHENGZHIWENMINGDEXIANZHUANGYUJINCHENG,YIJICONGZHONGZHESHECHULAIDEDANGDAISHEHUIDEJIAZHIGUANNIANYUJINGSHENFENWEI。

 

KAOCHA“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”,WOMENSHOUXIANXUYAODUI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DECHUANGZUOYUYUEDUDEZHUANGKUANGYOUYIGEJIBENLEJIE。

“TONGJISHUJUXIANSHI,JINJINZAI2009NIAN1~3YUE,GUANCHANGXIAOSHUOPINZHONGJIUDADAO123ZHONG,YU2008NIANQUANNIANGUANCHANGXIAOSHUOYUE118ZHONGXIANGBI,CHIXUGAOWEN。……DIAOCHAXIANSHI,DANGZHENGJIGUANGONGWUYUANZHANDAO30.5%,GONGSHANGQIYEGONGZUORENYUANZHAN27.1%,SHIYEDANWEIGONGZUORENYUANZHAN20.3%。SANZHEXIANGJIA,ZHANDAOLEYUEDUZONGRENSHUDE79.7%,JIZAIJIESHOUDIAOCHADE690DUORENZHONG,YOU8CHENGDERENYUEDUGUOGUANCHANGXIAOSHUO。”(《GUANYUANXIDUGUANCHANGXIAOSHUO》,ZAIYU《JUECE》2009NIANDI11QI)

侠客棋牌BUJINRUCI,ZAIGEDAWANGZHANSHANGDE“DUSHU”LANMUYIJIWENXUEWANGZHANZHONG,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DOUZHUANLIEYIGELEIBIE,HAIYOU“PAIXINGBANG”,ZAIXINLANGDUSHUPINDAODE“GUANCHANGZHONGRENBIDUDESHIERBUXIAOSHUO”ZHONG,GENGJIANGGUANCHANGXIAOSHUOXIFENWEI“RUSHIBIDUSHUMU”、“JINSHENGBIDUSHUMU”、“SHOUWEIBIDUSHUMU”、“JIESHENBIDUSHUMU”DENGBUTONGLEIBIE,SOUHUZEYOU“YOUXIUSHITUXIAOSHUOZHAN”,ERZAI“XIAOSHUOZAIXIANYUEDU”TUIJIANDE“JINGDIANGUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZEYOUSHANGBAIBUZHIDUO。CIWAI,ZAI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHEIYIWENXUELEIXINGZHONG,YECHUXIANLEWEIRENGUANGFANGUANZHUDE“JINGDIAN”ZUOJIAZUOPIN,ZHEIXIERENZHUYAOBAOKUOYANZHEN(《CANGLANGZHISHUI》)、WANGYUEWEN(《GUOHUA》、《MEICIGUSHI》、《CANGHUANG》)、HUANGXIAOYANG(《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》XILIE)、XIAOQIAOLAOSHU(《HOUWEIDONGGUANCHANGBIJI》XILIE)、XUKAIZHEN(《SHENGWEIBANZI》)、WANGXIAOFANG(《ZHUJINGBANZHUREN》)、XIAORENFU(《GUANYUN》)DENG。ZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,WOMENKEYISHUO“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”YISHIYIZHONGCHENGSHUERYOUCHANGXIAODEWENXUELEIXING。

 

“官场小说”及其最新变化

 

WANGYUEWENDE《GUOHUA》(1998)BEIRENWEISHI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DELANSHANGZHIZUO,ZHEIBUXIAOSHUOYIZHURENGONGZHUHUAIJINGZAIJINGDOUSHICONGMISHUDAOCAIZHENGTINGFUTINGZHANGDEJINGLI,ZHANSHILETADEZHUZHONGZAOYUJIQINEIXINLICHENG。《MEICIGUSHI》(2001)SHI《GUOHUA》DEXUPIAN,MIAOXIEZHUHUAIJINGDIAOZHIMEICISHIDANRENFUSHUJIZHIHOUDEGUSHI,ZHANXIANLEGUANCHANGDELUOJIJITAZHISHENQIZHONGDEGANCHU。《CANGHUANG》(2009)YILIUXINGMING、LIJIYUNDENGRENDEGUSHI,YANXULEZUOZHEDUIGUANCHANGZHONGRENSHENGCUNCHUJINGDESIKAO。

 

YANZHENDE《CANGLANGZHISHUI》(2001)YESHI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DEDAIBIAOZUOPINZHIYI,XIAOSHUOMIAOSHUYIXUEYANJIUSHENGCHIDAWEI,ZAIJINRUSHENGWEISHENGTINGHOUZHUJIANRONGRU“GUANCHANG”DEGUOCHENG,KAISHISHITABAOCHIZHEZHISHIFENZIDEQINGGAO,DANSHITAIYANLIANGYUSHENGHUOYALIPOSHITAFANGXIASHENDUAN,ZUIHOUTARENTONGLEGUANCHANGGUIZE,BINGLIYONGZHEIYIGUIZEHUODELE“CHENGGONG”。

 

侠客棋牌RUGUOYIWANGYUEWEN、YANZHENDEZUOPINZUOWEICANZHAO,WOMENKEYIFAXIAN,ZUIJINJINIANDE“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”YIJINGFASHENGLEJUDADEBIANHUA。XIANZAIDE“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”SUIRANRENGZHUMUYU“GUANCHANG”LUOJIYUNEIMU,DANSHIZAIXIAOSHUODEZHUTI、“ZHUTI”YIJIXUSHUDEFANGSHIYUCEZHONGDIANDENGFANGMIAN,YUWANGYUEWEN、YANZHENDEZUOPINYIJINGYOULEHENDADEBUTONG,ZHEIXIEBUTONGZHICHUXIANSHICHULE“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”XINDEBIANYI,YEZHESHECHULESHEHUIJINGSHENFENWEIDEBIANHUA,HENZHIDEWOMENGUANZHU。

 

侠客棋牌ZAIWANGYUEWEN、YANZHENDEXIAOSHUOZHONG,“GUANCHANG”SHIYIGEJUDADE“YIHUA”LILIANG,ZUOZHEDUIZHEIYICHANGYUCHONGMANLEHUAIYI,ZHURENGONGRONGRUQIZHONGYESHIBUDEYIDEBEIPOSHIYING,DUIQIXIANEYOUZHEQINGXINGDEYISHI,ZAIZUOPINDEZONGTIQINGXIANGZHONGYEYOUZHEPIPANDEYISHI,ZHISHAOYEZAIZHIYIQICUNZAIDEHELIXINGYUHEFAXING,XUSHUZHETONGGUODUIZHURENGONGJINGLIDEXUSHU,ZHONGDIANJIESHIDESHIZHISHENQIZHONGDERENDESHENGCUNJINGYU。ERZAI《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》(2011)、《HOUWEIDONGGUANCHANGBIJI》(2010)、《SHENGWEIBANZI》(2010)DENGZUOPINZHONG,WOMENKANDAODE“GUANCHANG”YIJINGSHIYIGEBURONGZHIYIDEJUDACUNZAI,ZAITADEYUNXINGLUOJIZHONG,GERENDESHENGCUNJINGYUYIJINGBINGBUZHONGYAO,ZAIZHEILI,“QUANLI”ZISHENYIJINGHUODELEHEFAXING,CHENGWEIXIAOSHUOGUANZHUDE“ZHUTI”,LILIANGBOYIYIJIWEIRAOQUANLIDEHUODE、ZHUANYI、JIAOHUAN、FENPEIDEGUSHI,JIQIGUIZEYU“QIANGUIZE”,CHENGWEIXIAOSHUODEZHUYAONEIRONG。“QUANLI”KEYISHUOSHIZHEILEIZUOPINWEIYIDE“ZHUJIAO”,TACHAOYUELEYISHIXINGTAIYUDAODELUNLIDEXIANZHI,GOUCHENGLEZHURENGONGRENSHENGJIAZHIDEZHONGJIPINGPAN,YEGOUZAOLEDANGDAISHEHUIDEDENGJIZHIXUYUZHENGTIJIEGOU。

 

ZAIZHEIYANGDEYIYISHANG,WOMENKEYIKANDAO,XIANGDUIYUZHUHUAIJING、CHIDAWEI,《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》ZHONGDETANGXIAOZHOU、《HOUWEIDONGGUANCHANGBIJI》ZHONGDEHOUWEIDONG、《SHENGWEIBANZI》ZHONGDEPUTIANCHENGSHIGENGWEI“CHENGSHU”DEZHUTI,TAMENZAIJINRU“GUANCHANG”SHIMEIYOU(HUOHENSHAOYOU)NEIXINDEBODONG,TIANRANJIURENTONGLEGUANCHANGDEGUIZE,TAMENSUOGUANZHUDEZUIHEXINDEWENTISHINENGFOUHUODEQUANLI,YIJIRUHEJIANGGERENDELIYIZUIDAHUA,XIAOSHUOZHONGDIANMIAOSHUDEYESHITAMEN“JINSHENG”DEGUOCHENG,YIJIWEIRAOZHEIYIMUDETAMENDEMOUHUA、XINSI、SHOUDUANJIQIJINGYANJIAOXUN。

ZUOWEIYIGEDUIBI,WOMENKEYIKANDAO,ZAI《GUOHUA》、《MEICIGUSHI》ZHONG,ZHUHUAIJINGZAIQUANLIBOYIZHONGSHICHANGYOUYOUYU、PANGHUANG,YIJIYUANLISHIFEIZHIDI、ZAIYISHUHUOZONGJIAOZHONGBIEXUNJITUODEXIANGFA;ERZAI《CANGLANGZHISHUI》ZHONG,RANGCHIDAWEIZUIJIAOLVDEWENTISHI,TASHIFOUYINGGAIFANGQIZHISHIFENZIDELIXIANGYUCAOSHOU,JINRU“GUANCHANG”JIQILUOJI,——ZHEIYESHI《CANGLANGZHISHUI》DEZHUTINEIRONG。RUGUOYI《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》DENGXIAOSHUODELUOJILAIKAN,ZHEIYANGDEQINGXUYUXIANGFAWUYISHI“YOUZHI”DE,SHICHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGXUYAOKEFUDEYINSU,ZAI《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》DENGZUOPINZHONG,XIAOSHUODEZHURENGONGZAICHUCHANGSHIJIUYIJINGPOWEI“CHENGSHU”LE,TAMENBINGBUXUYAOJINGLICHIDAWEISHIDEJIAOLVYUZHENGZHA。

侠客棋牌YOUQISHI《CANGLANGZHISHUI》ZHONGDEXUSHILUOJI——ZHURENGONGCHIDAWEIZHIYAOFANGXIALEZHISHIFENZIDEQINGGAO,HENKUAIJIUZAIGUANCHANGHUODELECHENGGONG,ZHEIYANG“YIDUOLUOJIUCHENGGONG”DEMOSHI,XIANRANGAOGULEZHISHIFENZIDENENGLI,YEDIGULE“GUANCHANG”DEJIANNANYUFUZAXING。ZAI“DUOLUO”ZHIHOU,TANGXIAOZHOUHAIYOUGENGDUOJIANNANDELUYAOZOU,TAMENMIANLINDESHIBICHIDAWEIGENGWEIFUZADERENJIGUANXIYU“GUIZE”,ZHEIBIZHISHIFENZIDENEIXINJIAOLVGENGJIAQIESHI,YEGENGJIAYANJUN——ZAIZHEILI,WOMENKANDAO“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DEZHURENGONGGUANZHUDEJIAODIANYIJINGFASHENGLEHENDADEBIANHUA。

 

ZAIXIAOSHUODEZHENGTISECAISHANG,《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》、《HOUWEIDONGGUANCHANGBIJI》DENGZUOPINZAIQUANLIBOYIZHONGCHONGMANLEJINQUDEJINGSHEN,ZHEIXIEZUOPINDEXUSHUJIEGOUYESHI“CONGYIGESHENGLIZOUXIANGLINGYIGESHENGLI”,XIAOSHUODEZHURENGONGPINGJIEGERENDECONGMINGYUFENDOU,PINGJIEFUZARENJIGUANXIZHONGDEYOULIYINSU,PINGJIEDUIGUANCHANGGUIZEDESHIYINGYUYINGYONG,ZAIGUANCHANGDETAIJIESHANGYIBUBUMAIJIN,ZONGHENGBAIHE,GUPANZIXIONG。ZAIXIANSHIDEQUANLIJIEGOUZHONG,TAMENJINGMINGQIANGGAN,YOURENYOUYU,SHIZHEIGESHEHUIZHONGWEIRENZHUMUDE“CHENGGONGZHE”。

侠客棋牌DANSHI,YUZHEIXIEZUOPINXIANGBI,《GUOHUA》、《MEICIGUSHI》QUEBINGMEIYOUZHEIMELEGUAN,ZAIDEZHIZIJIZUIDADEWEIXIETUYUCHEHUOZHIHOU,

“ZHUHUAIJINGMEIYOUBAWANGMANGZHIDESIGAOSUXIANGMEIHECHENSHUERWEI。TAMENDIZHETOU,ZAIHUALIULIUDEBINGDISHANG,YIBUYIBUXIAOXINDIZOUZHE,GENGJUQIANCHENGDEYIWEI。ZHUHUAIJINGDUZIDAIZAIFANGJIANLI,TURANXINFANYILUANQILAI。TALAIHUIZOUZHE,RUTONGKUNSHOU。HUWENFALERULEI,CHANGJINGRUCHAO。TANAOZILIYIZHENHUANGKUI,XIANGSHIMINGBAILESHENMEDAOLI……”

侠客棋牌ZHEISHIXIAOSHUODEJIEWEI,ZHURENGONGDEFANYINGYUFOJIAOFENWEIDEXUANRAN,RANGXIAOSHUOJUYOUYIZHONGCHAOYUEYUFANSIDEYIWEI。ERZAI《CANGLANGZHISHUI》ZHONG,CHIDAWEISUIRANCHENGGONGDIDANGSHANGLESHENGWEISHENGTINGTINGZHANG,DANRENGBUTUOZHISHIFENZIXIQI,

侠客棋牌“WOYANGWANGXINGKONG,YIZHONGSHUXIERMOSHENGDENUANLIUCONGXINJIANLIUGUO,WOWUFAJICHUYIZHONGZHUNQUEDEMIAOSHU。WOHUANHUANDIBASHUANGSHOUSHENLESHANGQU,JINLIANGDISHENGSHANGQU,YIDONGBUDONG。FENGWUWUDICONGWODEJIANSHANGCHUIGUO,LVEGUOWOCONGGUOQUCHUIXIANGWEILAI,ZAIFENGDESHANGMIAN,QUNXINGSHANSHUO,SHENBUKECE。”

侠客棋牌YUZHIXIANGBI,《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》、《HOUWEIDONGGUANCHANGBIJI》DENGZUOPINZAIJIEWEICHUDOUZAIJIAODAIGUSHIDEJINZHANHUOJIEJU,JUESHAOZHEIYANGSHUQINGXINGHUOTIAOCHUGUANCHANGLUOJIDEDUANLUO。

 

RUGUOSHUOWANGYUEWEN、YANZHENDEXIAOSHUOSHI“XIANSHIZHUYI”DEZUOPIN,NEIME《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》、《HOUWEIDONGGUANCHANGBIJI》DENGZUOPINKEYISHUOSHI“SHIYONGZHUYI”DEZUOPIN。“XIANSHIZHUYI”ZUOPINZAIJIESHIGUANCHANGNEIMUSHIBUWUPIPANYUFANSIDEYIWEI,ER“SHIYONGZHUYI”DEZUOPINTONGYANGZAIJIESHIGUANCHANGDENEIMU,DANDUIGUANCHANGGUIZEBINGWUBAOBIAN,ZHISHI“KEGUAN”DICHENGXIAN,TONGSHIZHUZHONGZONGJIEGUANCHANGSHANGDEJINGYANJIAOXUN,RANGDUZHEKEYI“SHIYONGXING”DIXUEXIYUCAOZUO。BIRU《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》ZHONGYOUZHEIYANGDEDUANLUO:

“LINGDAOYOUSANZHONGCHENGHU,YISHIGUANZHI,ERSHISHOUZHANG,SANSHILAOBAN。RUGUOZAIYIGEHENGONGKAIDECHANGHE,NIJIAOTALAOBAN,TAKENENGFEICHANGFANGAN,JUEDETAILIUSUTAIJIANGHUQI,BIANDILETADESHENFEN。RUGUOSHIZAIHENSIRENDECHANGHE,NIJIAOTASHUJI,XIANDETAIGONGSHIGONGBAN,JIAOTASHOUZHANG,XIANDETAIGEMO,JIAOLAOBAN,JIUQINQIE。ERYOUZHONGYAORENWUZAICHANGDESHIHOU,YOUSHIBIJIAOSIMIDECHANGHE,BASUOYOULINGDAOQUANBUJIAOSHOUZHANG,KENDINGHAOGUOBIEDE。XIANGFAN,RUGUOYOUGENGGAOJILINGDAOZAICHANG,ERZHEIGEGAOJILINGDAOHELAOBANDEGUANXIYOUBUSHIFEICHANGQINMI,KENDINGJIAOGUANZHIBIJIAOHAO。”

“GUANCHANGDESHI,QISHIYEJIUSHIRENYURENZHIJIANDESHI。ZHIYAOSHEJIREN,JIUYIDINGFUZAWUBI。JINTIANTAZONGSUANMINGBAIGUOLAI,TAZHISUOYIGAOBUHAOZHEIZHONGFUZADERENSHIGUANXI,SHIYINWEITAYIZHIZAINULIDIXIANGGAOHAOTONGSUOYOURENDEGUANXI,JIEGUOSHIYIGEDOUMEIYOUGAOHAO。RUGUOYONGMAODUNLUNDEFANGFALAIFENXI,SUOYOUGUANXI,DOUSHICIYAOGUANXI,ZHIYOUQIZHONGYIGEREN,CAISHIZHUYAOGUANXI。YEJIUSHISHUO,NIZHIYAOGAOHAOZHEIGEZHUYAOGUANXI,QIYUSUOYOUCIYAOGUANXI,QUANDOUJIEJUELE。”

ZHEIXIEGUANCHANGZHIHUIYU“JINGYAN”,KEYISHUOSHI《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》XIYINDUZHEDEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。ER《HOUWEIDONGGUANCHANGBIJI》ZAIXIAOSHUODENEIRONGJIANJIEZHONGBIANSHUO,“23CIWEIMIAODEDIAODONGYUSHENGQIAN,66GEDANGZHENGBUMEN,84QIGUANCHANGFENGBO,304WEIGEJIBIEGUANYUAN,JIAOZHIJIN1GEPUTONGGONGWUYUANDEMINGYUN——HOUWEIDONGDEZHEIBENBIJI,JIANGDAININSHENSHENQIANRUZHONGGUOGONGWUYUANXITONGPANGDA、FUZAERJINGCAIDENEIBUSHIJIE,CONGCUN、ZHEN、XIAN、SHIYIZHIDAOSHENG,SUIZHEZHURENGONGHOUWEIDONGDE10NIANSHENGQIANZHILU,ZHUCENGBOKAIMANGMANGGUANCHANGDEXIANZHUANGYUMIMI”。CONGZHEIXIEJIESHAOZHONG,WOMENJIUKEYIKANDAOXIAOSHUODEYOURENZHICHUBIANZAIYU“SHENGQIAN”DEMIMI。CONG“XIANSHIZHUYI”DAO“SHIYONGZHUYI”DEZHUANZHE,KEYISHUOSHI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZAISHIYUNIANJIANDEZHONGDABIANHUA。

  

“官场小说”与“改革文学”

 

侠客棋牌“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DECHENGWEICHUXIANZAI1990NIANDAIZHIHOU,DANZAICIZHIQIAN,ZAIWOMENDEWENXUEZHONGYECUNZAILILIANGBOYIDEYINSU,BUGUOQUESHIYILINGWAIYIZHONGMIANMUBIAOXIANCHULAIDE。RUGUOWOMENCONGGENGYUANDELISHISHIYELAIGUANCHA,HUOXUKEYIGENGQINGXIDIKANDAOQIZHONGDEYANBIANYUYITONG。

 

侠客棋牌ZAI1980NIANDAIXINGSHENGDE“GAIGEWENXUE”ZHONG,WOMENTONGYANGKEYIKANDAOLILIANGDEBOYI,ZAI《QIAOCHANGZHANGSHANGRENJI》、《XINXING》、《CHENZHONGDECHIBANG》、《HUAYUANJIEWUHAO》DENGZUOPINZHONG,WEIRAOYIGEGONGCHANG、YIGEXIANCHENGHUOYIGEJIGUANDEZHUDAOQUAN,SHUANGFANGTONGYANGZHANKAILEBUKEDIAOHEDE、NISIWOHUODEDOUZHENG,JISHIZAI《PINGFANDESHIJIE》ZHEIYANGMIAOSHUXINSHIQINONGCUNBIANQIANDEXIAOSHUOZHONG,YEYOUYITIAOXIANSUOMIAOSHUSHENGJILINGDAOZHIJIANDEBOYI。DANSHI,ZAIZHEILI,WOMENXUYAOQIANGDIAODESHI,ZAIZHEIXIEXIAOSHUOZHONGZHISHICUNZAILILIANGBOYIDE“YINSU”,YINWEIYUHOULAICHUXIANDE“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”XIANGBI,ZHEIXIEXIAOSHUOZHONGDELILIANGBOYIBINGMEIYOUDEDAOTUXIAN,SHENZHIHENNANRANGRENYISHIDAO。ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYOUYUZAIZHEIXIEXIAOSHUOZHONG,GENGWEIZHONGYAODESHISIXIANGYUGUANNIANDEBOYI,QIZHONGZUIHEXINDEWENTISHI“GAIGEHAISHIBAOSHOU”,SHIDADAOKUOFU、LEILIFENGXINGDITUIXINGGAIGE,HAISHIJINXIAOSHENWEIDIGUSHOUCHUANTONG?ZHEIGOUCHENGLE“GAIGEWENXUE”DEJIBENMAODUN。ZAISHUANGFANGDEBOYIZHONG,SUIRANCUNZAIQUANLIBOYI,DANQUANLIBOYISHIYIFUYUSIXIANGYUGUANNIANZHIZHENGDE,SHIYIZHONGCIYAODEYINSU。

 

RUGUOYI“GAIGEWENXUE”ZUOWEIBIZHAO,WOMENBIANKEYIFAXIAN“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGCHUXIANLEBUSHAOBIANHUA。YU“GAIGEWENXUE”BUTONG,ZAI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONG,LILIANGBOYIGOUCHENGLEXIAOSHUOZHONGZUIWEIHEXINDEYINSU,SUIRANBOYIDESHUANGFANGYECUNZAISIXIANG、GUANNIANSHANGDEBUTONG,DANZHEIYIYINSUZAIXIAOSHUOZHONGBINGBUZHANJUZHUYAODEWEIZHI,ERSHIKEYOUKEWUDE。QUANLIYIJIZAIQUANLIJIETIZHONGHUODEGENGGAODEWEIZHI,CHENGWEICILEIXIAOSHUOZHURENGONGZUIGAODEJIAZHIRENTONG。DANLINGYIFANGMIAN,WOMENYEKEYIKANDAO,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGDEZHURENGONGYEZAIJIJIDIGANSHIYE,ZAIYUDAOZHURUKANGHONGZHILEIDESHIQINGSHI(《ERHAOSHOUZHANG》),TAMENBIAOXIANCHUDEJUEDUANYUGUOGANYEZUYILINGRENDONGRONG,DANSHIZHISUOYIRUCI,YIFANGMIANSHITAMENXUYAO“ZHENGJI”,LINGYIFANGMIANZHEIXIE“SHIYE”RENGRANYIFUYUQUANLIBOYI,SHIZAIZHEIYIKUANGJIADEZHIYUEXIAJINXINGDE。

 

侠客棋牌ZAIZHEILI,SHEJI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”YU“GAIGEWENXUE”DELINGYIGEZHONGYAOQUBIE,NEIJIUSHIZAI“GAIGEWENXUE”ZHONGWOMENKEYIKANDAOGUANGCAISISHEDEZHENGMIANRENWU,ERZAI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGQUEJIHUKANBUDAOZHENGMIANDERENWUXINGXIANG。《QIAOCHANGZHANGSHANGRENJI》ZHONGDEQIAOGUANGPO,《XINXING》ZHONGDELIXIANGNAN,《HUAYUANJIEWUHAO》ZHONGDELIUZHAODENGRENWU,DOUSHISHIDAIDENONGCHAOER,TAMENGANXIANGGANZUO,YONGDANZHONGREN,BUJINZAIBUQUBUNAODEDOUZHENGZHONGHUODELESHIYESHANGDECHENGGONG,ERQIEYEHUODELENVXINGDEQINGLAI,SHOUHUOLEAIQING。QIZHONGDEYOUXIURENWU,BIRULIXIANGNAN,GENGCHENGWEIYIGESHIDAIDEOUXIANG。DANSHI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGDEZHURENGONG,WULUNSHIZHUHUAIJING、CHIDAWEI,HAISHITANGXIAOZHOU、HOUWEIDONG,TAMENKEYISHUOSHIZHEIGESHIDAIDE“CHENGGONGZHE”,DANQUEHENNANSHUOSHIZHENGMIANRENWU,HUOZHESHUOHENNANYIDAODELUNLIJIAYIPANDUAN,TAMENDE“CHENGGONG”HENDACHENGDUSHANGSHIYIFANGQI“LIANGZHI”ERQUDEDE,TONGYANG,TAMENKEYIYOUBUSHAONVREN(TANGXIAOZHOU、HOUWEIDONG),DANTAMENQUEBINGMEIYOUZHENZHENGDEAIQING,HUOZHESHUOZHISHENYUGUANCHANGZHONGDETAMEN,YIJINGSANGSHILEAIDENENGLI。ZAI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONG,QUANLIHUONENGLIDEDAXIAO,CHENGWEIPINGPANRENWUDEZHUYAOBIAOZHUN,SUOWEIHAORENHUAIRENDEDAODEPINGJIAZAICIYIJINGSHIXIAO。

 

侠客棋牌ZAI“GAIGEWENXUE”ZHONG,JINGUANZAI“GAIGEPAI”YU“BAOSHOUPAI”ZHIJIANCUNZAIJUDADECHAYI,DANTAMENDOUSHIZAIWEIGEZIXINMUZHONGDESHIYEERFENDOU,TAMENDOUSHICHUYU“GONGXIN”HUO“LIXIANG”ERFEI“SILI”(SUIRAN“BAOSHOUPAI”CHANGCHANGHUIBEICHOUHUAHUOMANHUAHUA),ZHEIYANGTAMENDOUZHENGDESHOUDUANBIANDUOSHINENGBAIZAIZHUOMIANSHANGDE,JIAOSHAOYOUYINMOUGUIJI。ER“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGDEQUANLIBOYIZEBUTONG,SHOUXIANBOYIDEMUBIAOBUSHI“GONGXIN”ERSHI“SILI”——GERENLIYIDEZUIDAHUA,QICIBOYIDESHOUDUANZEGENGJIADUOZHONGDUOYANG,QIZHONGBUFAYINMOU,DENGERXIAZHIZHEGENGYOUGUXIONGSHARENDENGFEIFASHOUDUAN——ZHEIYERANGWOMENKANDAOLEQIZHONGDECANKUXING。

 

侠客棋牌YISHANGZHEIXIECENGMIANDEBUTONG,YEJUEDINGLE“GAIGEWENXUE”YU“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZAIYISHUFENGGESHANGDEBUTONG,“GAIGEWENXUE”ZHONGSUIRANMIANLINZHONGZHONGZULI,DANZONGTIJIDIAOSHIMINGLANGDE,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”JIUBINGFEIRUCI。

 

十七年文学中的“斗争”

 

RUGUOWOMENJIXUXIANGQIANZHUISU,KEYIFAXIANZAI“SHIQINIANWENXUE”ZHONGYECUNZAIQUANLIDEYINSU,ZAI《ZUZHIBUXINLAIDENIANQINGREN》、《PAZAIWEIGANSHANGDEREN》DENG“GANYUXIANSHI”DEXIAOSHUOZHONG,WOMENKEYIKANDAODUIGUANLIAOZHUYIDEPIPAN,ZAI《CHUANGYESHI》、《YANYANGTIAN》DENGXIAOSHUOZHONG,YECUNZAIZHELIANGTIAOLUXIANDEDOUZHENG。RUGUOYU“GAIGEWENXUE”HE“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”XIANGBIJIAO,WOMENKEYIFAXIAN“SHIQINIANWENXUE”ZHONGDEQUANLIJUYOUYIXIATEDIAN。

 

SHOUXIAN,GENGJU“LIXIANGXING”。WOMENKEYIKANDAO,YU“GAIGEWENXUE”XIANGSI,ZAI“SHIQINIANWENXUE”ZHONGHENSHAOKANDAOQUANLIBOYIDEZHIJIEBIAOXIAN,ZAIZHEILI,QUANLIBOYISHIYIFUYUSIXIANGZHIZHENGYULUXIANZHIZHENGDE,BINGQIESHOUDAOSIXIANGDOUZHENGDEZHIYUE。ZAI《CHUANGYESHI》(1960)ZHONGDELIANGSHENGBAOYUGUOZHENSHANZHIJIAN,ZAI《YANYANGTIAN》(1964~1966)ZHONGDEXIAOZHANGCHUNYUMAZHIYUEZHIJIAN,ZUIDADEFENQISHIZOUSHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUHAISHIZOUZIBENZHUYIDAOLU,SHIZOU“HEZUOHUA”ZHILUHAISHIDANGAN——ZHUIQIUGERENDE“FAJIAZHIFU”,SHUANGFANGDEBOYIYEWEIRAOZHEIYIZHUTIZHANKAI,ZAITAMENDEBOYIZHONG,HENSHAOKANDAOGERENQUANLIDEYINSU。ZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,WOMENKEYISHUO,“GAIGEWENXUE”ZHONGSIXIANGDOUZHENGDEXUSHUMOSHI,SHI“SHIQINIANWENXUE”SUOKAICHUANGDE。

 

ZAIZHEILI,YIGEZHIDEWOMENSIKAODEWENTISHI:RUHEZHONGXINPINGJIAYISIXIANGHUOLUXIANZHIZHENGWEIZHUYAOXIANSUODEXIAOSHUO?ZAIYIQIANDEWENXUESHIYANJIUYOUQISHI“SHIQINIANWENXUE”YANJIUZHONG,DADUOYIQIANGDIAO“JIEJIDOUZHENG”WEIMINGDUIZHIJIAYIFOUDING,DANZAIZHEILI,WOMENKEYITICHULIANGGECANZHAO:(1)ZAIYISIXIANGHUOLUXIANZHIZHENGWEIXIANSUODEXIAOSHUOCHUXIANZHIQIAN,BIRUZAIZHAOSHULIDE《SANLIWAN》(1955)、ZHOULIBODE《SHANXIANGJUBIAN》(1958~1960)DENGXIAOSHUOZHONG,WOMENKEYIZAIZHEIXIEZUOPINZHONGKANDAODUIDIFANGSHENGHUOJINGYANYUXIANGCUNRENWUDESHENGDONGMIAOMO,DANQUEQUESHAOYIZHONGZHENGTIXINGBAWODANGDAISHEHUIDENENGLIYUFANGSHI,《CHUANGYESHI》DENGXIAOSHUOZHONGDE“SIXIANGZHIZHENG”QIAQIATIGONGLEZHEIYANGYIZHONGFANGSHI;(2)YU1990NIANDAIYILAI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGDEQUANLIBOYIMOSHIXIANGBIJIAO,“SIXIANGZHIZHENG”DEFANGSHIWUYIGENGJUYANSUXING,YEGENGNENGGOUWEIRENJIESHOU。——RUGUOYIZHEIYANGDESHIYEQUKAN,SUIRANWOMENKEYIPIPING“SHIQINIANXIAOSHUO”ZHONGCUNZAIJIANGHUADEYINSU,DANYEKEYIDUIQIKAICHUANGXINGYUZHONGYAOXINGYOUYIGEGENGJIAKEGUANDERENSHI。

 

QICI,GENGJU“RENMINXING”。WULUNSHI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGDEZHUHUAIJING、CHIDAWEI、TANGXIAOZHOU、HOUWEIDONG,HAISHI“GAIGEWENXUE”ZHONGDEQIAOGUANGPO、LIXIANGNAN、ZHENGZIYUN、LIUZHAO,DOUSHIZHENGGESHEHUIDEJINGYINGRENWU,TAMENCHUYUSHEHUISHANGCENG,ZAIZHENGZHI、JINGJI、WENHUADENGSHEHUIZIYUANSHANGDOUZHANJUYOUSHISHENZHISHIHEXINYOUSHI,YUTAMENXIANGBI,“SHIQINIANWENXUE”ZHONGDEZHURENGONG,RULIANGSHENGBAO、XIAOZHANGCHUNDENGDOUSHISHEHUIDICENGDERENWU。ZAI“GAIGEWENXUE”YU“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONG,TAMENDOUSHIBEISHIERBUJIANDERENWU,SHIBEI“GAIGE”DEDUIXIANG,HUOZHE“QUANLIBOYI”DEBEIDONGCHENGSHOUZHE。“SHIQINIANWENXUE”DUITAMENDESHENGHUOJIQIZHENGZHISHIJIANDEMIAOXIE,YIFANGMIANRANGWOMENKANDAOLETAMENDEJIEJILIYIZAIWENXUEYUZHENGZHISHANGDEBIAODA,LINGYIFANGMIANYERANGWOMENKANDAODANGSHIDEZHENGZHIBUSHI“JINGYINGZHENGZHI”,ERSHI“MINZHONGZHENGZHI”,YINERGENGJU“RENMINXING”。

 

ZAICI,GENGJU“CHUNJIEXING”。ZAI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONG,WOMENKEYIKANDAOQUANLIJIQUANLIBOYIDEYANKUNEIMU,XIAOSHUOZHONGDEHENDUORENWUDOUTUPOLEDAODEDEDIXIAN。ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,“GAIGEWENXUE”YU“SHIQINIANWENXUE”ZHONGDEBOYISUIRANYEBUFACANKU,DANXIANGBIZHIXIA,QUESHIGUANGMINGZHENGDADE,SHUANGFANGDOUZAIWEILIXIANG、WEIGONGGONGSHIYEERFENDOU,ERBUSHIWEILEXIANSHILIYI,WEILEGERENDELIYI。RUGUOWOMENBIJIAOYIXIA,KEYIFAXIANZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,“SHIQINIANWENXUE”BI“GAIGEWENXUE”GENGJUCHUNJIEXING,DUIDAODEDEYAOQIUGENGGAO。BIRUZAIWANGMENGDE《ZUZHIBUXINLAIDENIANQINGREN》(1956),QIZHONGFANMIANRENWULIUSHIWUDEQUEDIANSHI“GUANLIAOZHUYI”,SHI“GEMINGYIZHI”SHUAITUIHOUDEYOUHUASHIGU。《CHUANGYESHI》ZHONGDEGUOZHENSHAN、《YANYANGTIAN》ZHONGMAZHIYUEDEQUEDIANSHI“ZISI”YU“SHIGU”,SHIWEILEGERENFAJIAZHIFUERZHI“HEZUOHUA”YUBUGU。ZAI“GAIGEWENXUE”ZHONG,FANMIANRENWUDEQUEDIANCHULEZHENGZHISHANGDE“BAOSHOU”ZHIWAI,ZAIZHENGZHISHIJIANZHONGYESHILABANGJIEPAI,QISHANGMANXIA,YIBIANGONGGUGERENDEQUANLIYUSHILI,DANZHEIYANGDEXINGWEISHANGWEIBUZESHOUDUAN,YEHENSHAOTUPODAODEDIXIAN。ERZAIDANGJIN“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONG,ZECHONGCHIZHEMAIGUANMAIGUAN、TANWUFUBAIYUYUWANGHENGXING。CONGZHEIXIEQUEDIANYU“DIXIAN”,WOMENYEKEYIKANCHU,DANGDAIWENXUEFASHENGLEDUOMEJUDADEBIANHUA。

 

晚清“谴责小说”中的“官场”

 

ZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANG,DANGQIANDE“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”GENGJIEJINWANQINGDE“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”,ZAIDUIGUANCHANGNEIMU、SHEHUILUANXIANGDEJIESHISHANG,LIANGZHEYOUZHEZHONGZHONGXIANGSIZHICHU。ZHEIRANGWOMENKANDAO,ZAIJINGLILEYIGESHIJIDELUNHUIZHIHOU,CHONGMANERYUWOZHADE“GUANCHANG”YOUHUIDAOLEZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHIZHONG。ERXIAOSHUODUI“GUANCHANG”DEJIZHONGGUANZHU,SHENZHIFAZHANCHENGWEIYIZHONGCHENGSHUDELEIXINGWENXUE,ZHEIZAIZHONGGUOZHIWAIHAIHENSHAOJIANDAO。DANSHILINGYIFANGMIAN,RUGUOWOMENZUOGENGWEIXIZHIDEQUFEN,JIUKEYIFAXIAN“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”YU“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”YEYOUZHONGZHONGBUTONG。

 

ZAIXUSHUTAIDUSHANG,SHUANGFANGYOUZHEMINGXIANDEQUBIE。ZHENGRU“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”ZHEIYIMINGMINGSUOXIANSHIDE,WULUNSHILIBAOJIADE《GUANCHANGXIANXINGJI》(1903)、WUYANRENDE《ERSHINIANMUDUZHIGUAIXIANZHUANG》(1903~1905),HAISHILIUEDE《LAOCANYOUJI》(1903)、CENGPODE《NIEHAIHUA》(1903),DUIYU“GUANCHANG”DOUCHIYIZHONG“QIANZE”XINGDEPIPANTAIDU,TAMENBAOLUSHEHUIDEHEIAN、JIELUGUANCHANGZHONGDECHOUEXIANXIANG,DANDUIZHEIXIEXIANXIANGBINGBURENTONG。DANSHI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”QUEYUZHIDABUXIANGTONG,WOMENKEYIKANDAO,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGSUIRANYEJIESHILEGUANCHANGDENEIMUYUYUNZUOJIZHI,DANQUEHENSHAOYOU“QIANZE”HUOPIPANDETAIDU,ZHEIXIEZUOPINYIFANGMIANYI“KEGUAN”DETAIDUCHENGXIANZHEIXIENEIMU,LINGYIFANGMIANBUDUANZONGJIEGUANCHANGDEJINGYANYUDESHI,SHIZHICHENGWEIYIZHONGSHIYONGXINGDESHOUCE,ZAIZONGTISHANGCHIYIZHONGRENTONGDETAIDU。

 

侠客棋牌ZAIXIAOSHUODEXUSHUMOSHISHANG,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”YU“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”YEYOUZHEJIDADEBUTONG。“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”DUOCAIYONGYOULIHUOPANGGUANDEJIEGOUFANGSHI,XIAOSHUOZHONGDEXUSHUZHEDUIYU“GUANCHANG”DETAIDUSHISHULIDEPANGGUANZHE,ER“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGDEZHURENGONGDUOZHISHENYU“GUANCHANG”ZHIZHONG,WANGWANGYI“CHENGZHANGXIAOSHUO”DEMOSHI,ZHANSHIZHURENGONGJINRUGUANCHANGYIJIZAIGUANCHANGDETAIJIESHANGPANPADEGUOCHENG,ZAIZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONG,XIAOSHUODEZHURENGONGJINGLIZHONGZHONGHUANHAIFENGYUN,BUDUANZONGJIEJINGYANJIAOXUN,ZUIHOUCHENGZHANGWEIYIGE“CHENGSHUDEZHUTI”。ZAIZHEIBUTONGDEXUSHUMOSHIBEIHOU,YEXIANSHILEBUTONGSHIDAIDEZUOZHEDUI“GUANCHANG”DEBUTONGTAIDU。DUIYULIBAOJIA、WUYANRENDENGRENLAISHUO,TAMENDUIGUANCHANGCHOUEYUSHEHUIHEIANDEJIESHIBEIHOU,JIYOUFENMENBUPINGDEQINGXU,YEYOUJIESHENZIHAODEYINSU,YINERXUANZELESHULIXINGDEPANGGUANTAIDU,ZHEIYESHITAMENZHENGZHITAIDUDEYIZHONGFANYING;ERDUIYU“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DECHUANGZUOZHELAISHUO,ZEDADUORENTONGYUDANGDAISHEHUIDE“XINYISHIXINGTAI”——“CHENGGONGZHE”DESHENHUA,TAMENDEZUOPINYESHIDUIZHEIYISHENHUADEQUANSHI,XIAOSHUOZHONGNEIXIE“CHENGSHUDEZHUTI”BIANSHIZHEIYANGYIZHONGLIXIANGXINGDERENGE——DAQUANZAIWO,JINGMINGQIANGGAN,ZAIDANGDAISHEHUIZHONGHUFENGHUANYU,WUSUOBUNENG。DUICILEIRENWUDEXIANGWANGYUCHONGBAI,KEYISHUOSHIDANGDAISHEHUIDEYIZHONGZHULIUYISHI,YIZHONGXINDE“YISHIXINGTAI”。

 

“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”YU“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”DELINGYIGEBUTONGZAIYU,TAMENZUZHIXUSHIDEFANGSHIJIQIBEIHOUDESHIJIEGUAN、YISHUGUANBUTONG。ZAIBIZHEKANLAI,“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”GENGDUOJICHENGLEZHONGGUOMINGQINGSHIQINGXIAOSHUODECHUANTONG,DUOYISANDIANDEFANGSHI,MIAOSHUSHEHUIXIANSHIZHONGDEZHIJIEJINGYAN;ER“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZEGENGDUOJICHENGLE“WUSI”YIHOULAIZIOUZHOUDE“XIANSHIZHUYI”CHUANTONG,DUOYI“TOUSHI”DEFANGSHI,DUISHEHUIXIANSHIJIAYI“TILIAN”YU“DIANXINGHUA”。ZHEIYANG,ZAI《GUANCHANGXIANXINGJI》、《ERSHINIANMUDUZHIGUAIXIANZHUANG》、《WENMINGXIAOSHI》DENGXIAOSHUOZHONG,WOMENSUIRANKEYIKANDAOZHONGZHONGCHOUEYUHEIANDEXIANXIANG,DANZHEIXIEXIANXIANGDOUSHI“GEBIE”DE,BINGBUSHIDUISHEHUIXIANSHI“BENZHI”DEGAIKUO。DANZAI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZHONGQUEBINGFEIRUCI,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”MIAOSHUDESUIRANYESHI“GEBIE”DEXIANXIANG,DANZAIDUIZHEI“GEBIE”XIANXIANGDEMIAOSHUZHONG,QUERONGRULEZUOZHEDUIZHENGGESHIJIEDELIJIEYURENSHI——QUANLIBOYISUIRANFASHENGZAI“GEBIE”RENDESHENSHANG,QUESHIYITIAOGENBENXINGDEGUIZEYUYUANLI,BUJINJINSHIYIXIE“XIANXIANG”,ERQIESHIYIZHONG“BENZHI”。CONGZHEIYANGDESHIJIAOLAIKAN,“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”SHIDUITANWUFUHUAXIANXIANGDEJUTIMIAOSHU,ER“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZEWEIWOMENTIGONGLEYIGEQUANLIJIAOLIANGDE“SHIJIE”。

 

小结

 

YISHANGWOMENSHULILE“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZISHENDEBIANHUA,JIQIYU“GAIGEWENXUE”、“SHIQINIANWENXUE”、WANQING“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”ZAIQUANLIXUSHISHANGDEYITONG,TONGGUOSHANGMIANDEFENXI,WOMENKEYIMINGQUEYIXIAKANFA:

 

侠客棋牌1.ZAI10NIANDESHIYEZHONG,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”NEIBUYOUYIGECONG“XIANSHIZHUYI”DAO“SHIYONGZHUYI”DEBIANHUA;

 

2.ZAI30NIANDESHIYEZHONG,CONG“GAIGEWENXUE”DAO“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”,YOUYIGECONG“SIXIANGZHIZHENG”DAO“QUANLIBOYI”DEBIANHUA;

 

侠客棋牌3.ZAI60NIANDESHIYEZHONG,“SHIQINIANWENXUE”KAICHUANGLE“SIXIANGZHIZHENG”DEMOSHI,GENGJULIXIANGXING、RENMINXINGYUCHUNJIEXING;

 

侠客棋牌4.ZAI100NIANDESHIYEZHONG,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”YUWANQINGDE“QIANZEXIAOSHUO”ZUIWEIXIANGSI,DANQIZUIDADEBUTONGZAIYUDUIXIANSHIZHIXUDETAIDUYIYOU“QIANZE”BIANWEI“RENTONG”。

 

ZAISHANGSHUFENXIZHONG,DUZHEHENRONGYICONGZHONGDUCHUDUI“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”DEPIPINGXINGYIJIAN,DANZAIBIZHEKANLAI,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”ZUIDADEJIAZHI,QIAQIAZAIYUTAJIANGYIZHONGZHULIUJIAZHIYIYISHUDEFANGSHICHENGXIANLECHULAI,RANGNEIXIEYINMIDE“ZHENGZHIWUYISHI”XIANYING,ZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,“GUANCHANGXIAOSHUO”SHIWOMENZHEIGESHEHUIDEJINGSHENZHENGHOU,YEWEIWOMENTIGONGLESHIDAIDEYIZHONGJINGXIANG,WOMENKEYIDUIJINGZHONGZHIXIANGJIAYIPIPING,DANQUEWUXUGUIZUIYUJINGZIBENSHEN。ZHEIGEJINGZHONGZHIXIANGCHENGXIANDESHIYIGE“QUANLIBOYI”DESHIJIE,SHIYOUZHONGZHONGDIEDIEDEQUANLIGUANXIGOUCHENGDEWANGLUO,ZHIYAOJINRUQINEIZAILUOJIYUJIZHI,BIANHENNANZHENGTUOCHULAI,FANGFOLUXUNBIXIADE“WUWUZHIZHEN”,HUOZHE“WANNANHUIHUAIDETIEWUZI”。NEIME,MIANDUIZHEIGEXINSHIJIDE“TIEWUZI”,WOMENGAIRUHETUWEINI?

 

侠客棋牌BENWENYUANZAI《WENHUAZONGHENG》2012NIANDI6QI,NEIRONGYOUBIANSHAN。TUPIANLAIYUANYUWANGLUO,HUANYINGGERENFENXIANG,MEITIZHUANZAIQINGLIANXIBANQUANFANG。